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Crown and Parliament.
King James I
King James I was pleased with bishops of the Anglican Church due to their support for him
He was against Presbyterian Kirk in Scotland because:
It had no bishops
It was an institution more democratic than the Anglican Church
It gave political and religious power to the literate classes in Scotland
He colonized Ulster (The northern of Ireland)
The catholic Irish were sent off the land. They were replaced by protestant workers from Scotland and England.
(1641) Ireland exploded in rebellion against the protestant English and Scottish settles
Charles Vs the Parliament
In London Charles and the Parliament quarreled over who should control an army
The Irish rebels claimed to be against the English protestant Parliament but not against the king
1642---> Charles tried to arrest five PMs but he couldn't so he moved to Nottingham to gather an army to defeat the PMs who opposed him
Parliament against the crown
The house of Lords and few from the Commons
They controlled most of the North and West
No way of raising money
The Parliament was supported by the navy
most of the merchants and the population of
The Parliament controlled the most
important national and international
sources of wealth.
The royalist army was unpaid so the soldiers ran away.
The royal army was defeated
Commons were angry for the pollicy
of selling monopolies.
Parliament did not demand any changes
Left huge debts
The first quarrel with Parliament happened after James had asked the Parliament for a new tax, but they wanted to discuss Jame’s home and foreign policy in return. But as he insisted in his divine right, the Parliament disagreed and was supported by law.
He succeeded ruling without P between 1611-1621
He died in 1925
King James I
King Charles I
He quarrelled even more bitterly with Parliament than his father, and eventually, he dissolved it. But he was forced to recall it when he was in need for money.
He couldn't raise enough money without Parliament, so in 1628 a Petition of Right was signed. From now on, raising money was an Act of Parliament , and Charles was forced to promise not to imprison anyone without lawful reason. The following year he dissolved the Parliament.
He succeeded ruling without Parliament, and by 1637 ,he was at the height of his power.
King Charles I
Queen Elizabeth had executed a few Puritans
due to their support for Presbyterian Kirk and
the imprint of some books against the bishops
In 1604 James rejected the Puritans´ request to remove the Anglican bishops in favour of an
English church more democratic such as the Kirk
Charles shared the same antipathy towards Puritans as his father James
He appointed an enemy of the Puritans as Archbishop, William Laud
William Laud brought back into the Anglican church many Catholic practices
He introduced the new prayer book in Scotland in 1637
He tried that the Scottish Kirk accept the same organization as the Church in England obtaining a national resistance to that