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Southern Mountain English
Transcript of Southern Mountain English
1961- Williams publishes The Southern Mountaineer in Fact and Fiction
1960's- helped create the Appalachian Regional Commission
raised in Louisa, Kentucky
attended boarding school in Ohio
book published in 1991 and intended for the "educated but non-technical" Cratis Williams History 1500s- Scotch-Irish move to Appalachian region from Northern Ireland
Very isolated because of mountains
orientation toward "r" and tendency to say "you'ns" indicate cultural values that have existed for centuries An Example Features of SME Mannerisms of SME heavy emphasis on "r"
"tomorrer" = "tomorrow"
"warsh" = "wash"
"frail" = "flail"
"warnut" = "walnut"
diphthongs and vowels
"rile" = "royal"
"ant" = "aunt"
omit some past tense forms Rhythm and Melody
lack of self-consciousness
archaic survivals from colonial times
some of the best "actors" when it comes to language and storytelling
modest about achievements and embarrassed by praise
never say "thank you" and never apologize Conclusions Dialect came from the Scotch-Irish and hasn't really changed since the sixteenth century
Appalachian culture was never really considered important enough to study, until recently.