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Pop Music

By: Aliya, Adriana, Alanna, Rayandra & Zining

Aliya Mohamed

on 23 October 2012

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Transcript of Pop Music

POP MUSIC Classic Pop 1900 - 1940 (1890) Tin Pan Alley •Classic pop – term popularized by Rich Conaty, a New York disc jockey
•Historically considered anything with mass popularity that was not folk form
•In early 1900's, popular new form was musicals, combining aspects of European operetta and lyricism
•At same time African rhythms and European harmonies were combining to create Jazz
•Highly melodic
• Subject matter usually involving romantic love•Extremely memorable•Lyrical melodies•Correlation between popular music and music theater•Singing style: - natural the person's own voice Technology at this Time •Sheet music center of pop music industry from 1890’s – 1910
•After war, recordings became widely available
•Influenced songwriters and bandleaders as they began altering pieces to accommodate it for recordings
•New developments had an effect on music stylistic
•Radio became increasingly popular
•Used live performers (recordings too poor quality)
•Used by bands to gain exposure
•Radio + Recordings increased music exposure to general audiences
•For everyone, no matter music training
•Furthered the growth of popular music
- Street in which industry was based; made up of commercial music, dance music, and vaudeville; popular song publishing industry
- Led to new genre; Tin Pan Alley genre, name taken from street
- When American pop genre emerged, published sheet music for the general public
- most songs were generally a couple verses and a 32 bar chorus in AABA, ABAB or ABAC pattern with focus on chorus with a catchy melody and rhythm Irving Berlin Composers
•1988 – 1989
•No formal training
•Wrote both lyrics and music
•Music often sentimental and patriotic
•Wrote for all popular song genres – Tin Pan Alley Composer, Broadway Composer, and Hollywood Film Musicals, as well as ragtime
•Music composed in life often dictated by trends in music at the time; 19oo’s composed popular rag time music, in 1920’s songs for the dance crazes, in the Depression uplifting music, in 1930’s swing numbers, and in 1940’s theater scores
•Melodies and lyrics deceptively simple; often having complex, sophisticated harmonic modulations Cole Porter
•Wrote Lyrics and music
•Distinguished as a lyricist
•Know for sophisticated lyrics; often cynical and witty
•Texts were fashionable, often with double meaning and witty rhythms
•Melodies – often one main repeating idea with sequences and variations
-Small range
-Within one melody, he frequently moved from major to minor modes
-Many repeating notes and use of chromatic figures within a section
•Composed for musicals and theatre e.g. Night and Day, The Gay Divorcee George Gershwin
•Brother, Ira Gershwin, wrote lyrics
•Started composing for revues
•Moved towards musicals, some even incorporating social satire
•Musicals led to fame of several performers such as Fred and Adele Astaire in Lady, Be Good! and Ethel Merman and Ginger Rogers in Girl Crazy(1930)
•Composed hundreds of songs designed for Tin Pan Alley, Broadway, and Hollywood films
•Musical style: - 8 bar phrases
-Use of modulation, melodic chromaticism and melodic leaps to portray emotional intensity followed by a return to originally melodic line
-Explored various rhythms and possibility of rhythm that was both flexible and relaxed, yet driving; use of syncopation, seen in I Got Rhythm, off-beat rubato in songs such as Someone To Watch Over Me,
-In popular songs such as But Not For Me (1930), and Embraceable You (1930), the title is used often as a refrain and is used at the end of the chorus -Gershwin Can't Take That Away From Me •Originally written for the film Shall we Dance- shows overlap of popular music and Hollywood commercialism

•Performed originally by Fred Astaire – development of the popular artist

•Melodically simplistic, with developed harmonically with embellished chords and altered chords; with simplistic melody it was memorable and appealing to the general audiences

•Written in 1937 1950 - 1960 The Crooners -Started after World War I

-Contents often reflect topics of love, inspiration, and sentimentalism which sent a feeling of
warmth and happiness into the hearts of Americans thus increasing its popularity

-Often backed by full orchestra, big band or by a piano

-Clear tenor voices combined with hints of jazz and blues styling

-History goes back to the days of opera where singers were accompanied by orchestras

-Brought on by the introduction of radios, microphones, and electrical recordings

-Famous crooners: Gene Austin (First crooner), Frank Sinatra, Bing Crosby, Dean Martin etc. The Way You Look Tonight - Frank Sinatra 1960's Rock - Popularity of Rock n' Roll made possible by the baby boomers where all the babies born after WWII are teenagers in the 1960's

- Have roots from jazz big bands (Duke Ellington), the blues (Muddy Waters, B.B. King), and Lester Paul who designed the Gibson Les Paul guitar and pioneered the technique of overdub recording

- R&B and Soul groups emerges involving may talented musicians but were turned down because of barriers and prejudices against buying "race' records

- California was dominated by instrumental surf groups like the Surfaris

- Characterized by the heavy use of reverb on guitars

- The Beach Boys added vocal harmonies to the sound

- Surf music's fun-in-the-sun vibe became extremely popular with the newer generation Bubblegum Pop -Popularity of younger "vocal groups" grew

- Lead by the performer's charisma and the song writing talents of the production team

- Marketed to appeal to pre-teens and teenagers

- Assembly-line like procedure driven by producers often using unknown singers

- Upbeat sound with sing-along choruses and childish themes with repetitive hooks

- ex. How Much is That Doggie In the Window by Patti Page The British Invasion - The Beatles' appearance on the Ed Sullivan Show marked the start of the British Invasion
- European Rock n' Roll and beat and pop performers gained prominence in the U.S.
- Also helped with the rise of Soul and R&B by covering these songs
- Ex. Twist and Shout was a cover of the Isley Brothers tune
- The Beatles also covered songs by The Shirelles, The Marvelettes, Chuck Berry and many more R&B and Soul groups. Some day, when I'm awfully low,
When the world is cold,I will feel a glow just thinking of you...And the way you look tonight.Yes you're lovely, with your smile so warmAnd your cheeks so soft,There is nothing for me but to love you,And the way you look tonight.
With each word your tenderness grows,Tearing my fear apart...And that laugh that wrinkles your nose,It touches my foolish heart.Lovely ... Never, ever change.Keep that breathless charm.Won't you please arrange it ?'Cause I love you ... Just the way you look tonight.
Mm, Mm, Mm, Mm,Just the way you look to-night. - Rhythm and Blues combined with gospel-influenced elements with secular lyrics created soul music
-Often about love and African-American lives in the U.S.
- Helped to power by the Black Power Movement
- Made popular by artists like Ray Charles, James Brown and Aretha Franklin
- Detroit based label Motown is responsible for many notable acts such as the Supremes and the famous Jackson Five 1970-1990 •Music from this era created a perfect musical bridge from the rebelliousness of the 60's and happy songs in the 80's
•70's created a sense of relaxing music and dance music
•Refuge in dance clubs to have a good time because of fighting in the previous decade
•The 70's was not a unique a unique era that had new creations of music styles
•Popular music genres in that decade was : disco/club , progressive rock, punk rock/new wave, funk and soul Solo Pop Artists •Originally known as Alicia Augello Cook
•Born January 25th 1980 – New York
•Took piano lessons- mother insisted
•She was so good she graduated high
school at the age of 16 Alicia Keys •Born august 29th 1958
•Born in Indiana
•Best known as the " King of Pop"
•One of the great music heroes of the 20th century
•Went solo in 1972
•Early star on MTV Michael Jackson •Born august 9th 1963
•Born in Newark, New Jersey
•Known as the queen of soul
•Won a total of 26 American music awards Whitney Houston •Born September 1981, Houston, Texas
•Discovered by Whitney Houston
•Started off in a girl group " Destiny's Child" then went solo Beyoncé Knowles Technology Advancements Girl/Boy Pop Groups - American boy band from Boston, Massachusetts
- Formed in 1984
- Jordan Jonathan Knight, Joey McIntyre, Donnie Wahlberg, Danny Wood, Jamie Kelly and Mark Wahlberg
- Sold over 50 million albums
- Split up in 1994
- Number one hit single ``Step by Step`` New Kids On The Block - British pop group
- Formed in 1994
- Baby Spice, Scary Spice, Ginger Spice, Sporty Spice, Posh Spice
- “Wannabe” hit number one in over 30 countries Spice Girls - Girl group from Houston, Texas
- “Girls Tyme” earlier years
- Formed in 1990
- Beyonce Knowles, Kelly Rowland and Michelle Williams
- Sold over 40 million albums worldwide Destiny's Child -Danish- Norwegian dance-pop group
- Formed in 1989
- Vocalists; Lene Nystrom & Rene Dif, Keyboardist; Soren Rasted and Guitarist Clas Norreen
- Split up in 2001
- Hit single “Barbie Girl” achieved great success around the globe AQUA - American boy band
- Formed in Orlando, Florida in 1993
- A. J. McLean, Howie Dorough, Brian Littrell, Nick Carter, Kevin Richardson
- After two year hiatus (2002-2003) regrouped and released comeback album
- Sold over 130 records worldwide
- Best selling boy band of all time Backstreet Boys N'Sync - American boy band
- Formed in Orlando, Florida in 1995
- Justin Randall Timberlake, Anthony Fatone Jr, Joshua Scott Chasez, James Lance Bass, Christopher Alan Kirkpatrick
- Sold over 50 million albums during their career
- Second album “No Strings Attached” sold over one million copies first day Dirty pop, yo B.T.[Justin:] Sick and tired of hearing All these people talk about What's the deal with this pop life And when is gonna fade out The thing you got to realize What we doing is not a trend We got the gift of melody We gonna bring it till the end (Come on now)
[JC:] It doesn't matter 'Bout the car I drive or What I wear around my neck All that matters Is that you recognize That it's just about respect It doesn't matter About the clothes I wear And where I go and why All that matters Is that you get hyped and We'll do it to you every time (Come on now)
Do you ever wonder why This music gets you high? It takes you on a ride Feel it when your body Starts to rock (Your body starts to rock) Baby you can't stop (You can't stop) And the music's all you got Come on now This must be, pop Dirty pop Baby you can't stop I know you Like this dirty pop This must be..
[JC:] Now, why you wanna try To classify the type of thing That we do 'Cause we're just fine Doin what we like Can we say the same for you? Tired of feelin all Around me animosity Just worry about yours 'Cause I'ma get mine Now people can't you see
[Justin:] It doesn't matter 'Bout the car I drive or The ice around my neck All that matters Is that you recognize That it's just about respect (oh) It doesn't matter about the clothes I wear And where I go and why All that matters Is that you get hyped and We'll give it to you every time (Come on)
Do you ever wonder why (Why?) This music gets you high? (Music gets you high) It takes you on a ride Feel it when your Body starts to rock (Your body starts to rock) Baby you can't stop (You can't stop) And the music's all you got Baby come on This must be, pop Ooh
Man I'm tired of singing Dirty, dirty, dirty pop dirty pop Do you ever wonder? [Echoes]
As you saw, the song focuses on the contemporary criticism of boy bands and pop music. It assures the public that their music is indeed addictive, and not a trend. It was written by Wade Robson and Justin Timberlake and produced by BT, using his famous stutter edit sound. The stutter edit, which is a form of a granular synthesis, is a musical production technique. It’s known for its use in electronic music, like pop, where fragments of audio are repeated in rhythmic intervals. Stutter edits can not only occur as the common 16th note repetitions, but also as 64th notes and beyond. N’Sync’s song Pop won many awards, proving their point about pop music, N’Sync was always proud of what they did and what they stood for so by choosing to express that through a song was a very good decision on their behalf. Madonna •Born on August 16 1958 in Michigan
•Formerly known as Madonna Louise Ciccone
•Moved to New York to pursue her dreams
•Performed in music groups; Breakfast Club and Emmy
•1983- released self-titled debut album
•Named the Queen of Pop Britney Spears •Born December 2 1981 in Mississippi
•Found talent agent in New York City
•Cast in Ruthless, Star Search and The Mickey Mouse Club
•Released debut album “Baby One More Time” in 1999 Justin Timberlake •Born on January 31 1981 in Tennessee
•Contestant on Star Search and The Mickey Mouse Club
•Lead singer of ‘N Sync (1995)
•“Justified” – debut solo album released in 2002 •The range of music technology has increased a lot; mechanically, electronically, even theoretically
•Performances can be manipulated live or pre-recorded
•Sheet music is represented in a computer-readable format (1991)
•Digital sheet music is available online
•From live performances to cassettes and tapes, then CD’s and now phones,mp3’s and iPod's
•Radio, TV, YouTube, ITunes Michael Jackson- Pepsi Commercial R&B & Soul
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