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The Life of Simon Wiesenthal

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Sophie Lewis

on 1 May 2013

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Transcript of The Life of Simon Wiesenthal

Nazi Hunter The Life of Simon Wiesenthal Wiesenthal was born on December 31, 1908 in Galicia, Poland (present day Ukraine). Wiesenthal’s father, Asher, died in combat during World War I. Simon Wiesenthal and his brother, Hillel went to a high school at the Humanistic Gymnasium in Buczacz. While attending, Wiesenthal met his future wife Cyla Muller, whom he married in 1936. After high school, he studied architecture in Prague, and became an apprentice in Lvov, Poland. Early Life Nazi Hunter Later Life Surviving the Holocaust Simon Wiesenthal was a man who lived through the Holocaust. Even after the war was over, Wiesenthal was persistent to capture the guilty for their heinous crimes. He was known as a Nazi Hunter. Through many years of his life, he tracked down criminals and brought them to justice. Jimmy Carter once commemorated Wiesenthal “for keeping alive the flame of justice in the world” (p.430 source 2). Wiesenthal was an inspirational man who because of what he did, will always be remembered. http://www.moriahfilms.com/atf/cf/%7B66A8A21D-CF06-453B-B7E1-D1DA0CE72523%7D/Simon_Wiesenthal.jpg Who was Simon Wiesenthal and what were his contributions to the Holocaust? Bibliography http://news.bbc.co.uk/media/images/40820000/jpg/_40820308_wies_young300.jpg http://img.radio.cz/pictures/ctk0509/wiesenthal3x.jpg http://www.simon-wiesenthal-archiv.at/02_dokuzentrum/02_faelle/img-klein/09wichtige-faelleSilberbauer-k.jpg
1. Downing, David. Aftermath and Remembrance. Milwaukee, WI : World Almanac Library, 2006.

2. Wigoder, Geoffrey, Ed. "The Holocaust": Grolier Student Library, Vol. 4 Danbury:Grolier, 1997 Books: Websites:

3. United States Holocaust Memorial Museam. "Nazi Hunting: Simon Wiesenthal". Holocaust Encyclopedia. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007151> Accessed on April 25,2013

4. Vad Vashem. "Wiesenthal, Simon" <http://www.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%206667.pdf> Accessed on April 25, 2013 Pictures: When the German Nazis invaded Poland in September 1939, many Jews, including Wiesenthal and his family, were taken and forced into a ghetto. Before this, Jews were instructed to leave their homes and only take their most valuable things. What they didn’t know was that the Nazis did this only to take the Jews’ valuable belongings. The ghetto was a forced labor camp where many people were murdered. In late 1941, Wiesenthal and his wife Cyla were transported to Janowska concentration camp where they worked on the Eastern Railway Repair Works. Over three years, Wiesenthal spent time in Plaszow, Gross-Rosen, Buchenwald, and Mauthausen, which was liberated on May 5, 1945 by American troops. This was the last camp to be liberated before the end of the war which was only three days later. At the time, Wiesenthal weighed only 90 pounds. Wiesenthal had been separated from his wife for a few years but after the war was over, he soon found her. In total, 89 members of Wiesenthal and his wife’s family died in the Holocaust. http://0.tqn.com/d/history1900s/1/0/q/D/mauthausen17.jpg http://www.deathcamps.org/occupation/pic/bigjanow08.jpg Almost immediately after World War II was over, Wiesenthal went to work looking for evidence to prosecute Nazis. Wiesenthal began helping the War Crimes Section of the U.S. army to find and capture war criminals. In 1947 Wiesenthal opened the Jewish Historical Documentation center in Linz, Austria, but sadly, due to a lack of funds, it closed in 1954. The Cold War had started and many people lost interest in searching for Nazis. In response, for decades Wiesenthal pressured western governments to once again find war criminals. With the help of Wiesenthal, Adolf Eichmann, the administrator of the “Final Solution” was captured. This sparked a drive to find all the Nazi criminals still living. In 1961, the Jewish Documentation Center was reopened when Nazis began going on trial again. Some of the more infamous Nazis Wiesenthal helped find were Karl Silberbauer, the Gestapo officer who led the arrest of Anne Frank and her family, Hermine Braunsteiner Ryan, a concentration camp guard who was the first Nazi criminal to be found in the U.S., and Franz Stangl, the man in charge of the Treblinka and Sobibor death camps. Over the years, the JDC captured more than 1,000 Nazis. 1. http://www.moriahfilms.com/atf/cf/%7B66A8A21D-CF06-453B-B7E1-D1DA0CE72523%7D/Simon_Wiesenthal.jpg 2.http://news.bbc.co.uk/media/images/40820000/jpg/_40820308_wies_young300.jpg 3. http://www.simon-wiesenthal-archiv.at/02_dokuzentrum/02_faelle/img-klein/09wichtige-faelleSilberbauer-k.jpg 4. http://img.radio.cz/pictures/ctk0509/wiesenthal3x.jpg 5. http://www.deathcamps.org/occupation/pic/bigjanow08.jpg 6.http://0.tqn.com/d/history1900s/1/0/q/D/mauthausen17.jpg Even long after the initial hunt for Nazis stopped, Wiesenthal continued his work. The Jewish Documentation Center has recently focused on monitoring and exposing Holocaust deniers and Nazi idea supporters. In 1977, the Simon Wiesenthal Center was opened in Los Angeles, California to honor him and preserve the memory of the Holocaust, and promote worldwide tolerance. Also, in 1980 Wiesenthal was awarded a gold medal for humanitarian work by the Congress of the U.S and it was presented by Jimmy Carter. Throughout Wiesenthal’s life, he wrote many memoirs including Sunflower, Max and Helen and Murderers Among Us which was later turned into a film. Wiesenthal then died on September 20, 2005 in Vienna, Austria. https://gb-fs.boldernet.net/0/0/5/5895-275.jpg http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_da.php?ModuleId=10007151&MediaId=5724 7.http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_da.php?ModuleId=10007151&MediaId=5724 8. https://gb-fs.boldernet.net/0/0/5/5895-275.jpg
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