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POST-COLONIAL CRITICISM

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VALERMATI MARIAPAN

on 14 July 2014

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Transcript of POST-COLONIAL CRITICISM

POST-COLONIAL CRITICISM
Postcolonial Theory
Postcolonial theory has transformed literary studies in the past three decades.
By foregrounding how colonialism has radically altered the globe, this critical lens has provided flexible methodologies for engaging the literary production of empire, colonial and anti-colonial discourse, and the literature of current and former colonies in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, the Americas, and Pacific Islands.
By turning to topics such as decolonization, migration, language, knowledge production, and representation, postcolonial studies approaches the study of literature in ways that intersect with other fields such as critical race theory and diaspora, feminist, indigenous, transnational, and transoceanic studies.
Postcolonial in Poem
What is post - colonial criticism?
Post-colonial criticism also known as (New English Literature)
It is the body of literary writing that responds to the intellectual discourse of European colonization in Asia, Africa, Middle East, the Pacific and elsewhere.
Post-colonial criticism identify the problems & consequences of the decolonization of a country & nation, especially the political & cultural independence of of formerly subjugated colonial peoples.
It is also covers literary critiques of & about post-colonial literature.
Colonial Critique - Deals with imperialistic views.
Post Colonial criticism - Examines the effects of imperialistic view in post-colonial society

Reference
Costa, G. (2010, January 31).
Postcolonialism Theory
. Retrieved
from http://www.slideshare.net/gemcosta/
postcolonialism-theory
https://www.google.com.my/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=what+is+vulture
http://www.mahmag.org/english/worldpoetry.php?itemid=456
Michael.G., Martin.K., & Imre.S., (2012), Contemporary Literary & Cultural Theory, US: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Postcolonial in Novel
Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad
Western literary viewed the novel as a criticism of colonialism
Post-colonialists see Conrad as portraying the colonized Africans as savages in comparison to Europeans
Conrad may have written the book with an anti-colonialist argument in mind
HOD shows that Africa's suffering and pain caused by European colonization
Conrad writes the novel so that the readers can see the reality since colonialism is just like robbery or a murder for him

Postcolonial in Drama
Vulture by Chinua Achebe
..Thus the Commandant at Belsen
Camp going home for
the day with fumes of
human roast clinging
rebelliously to his hairy
nostrils will stop
at the wayside sweet-shop
and pick up a chocolate
for his tender offspring
waiting at home for Daddy's
return...

Praise bounteous
providence if you will
that grants even an ogre
a tiny glow-worm
tenderness encapsulated
in icy caverns of a cruel
heart or else despair
for in the very germ
of that kindred love is
lodged the perpetuity
of evil.
In the greyness
and drizzle of one despondent
dawn unstirred by harbingers
of sunbreak a vulture
perching high on broken
bones of a dead tree
nestled close to his
mate his smooth
bashed-in head, a pebble
on a stem rooted in
a dump of gross
feathers, inclined affectionately
to hers. Yesterday they picked
the eyes of a swollen
corpse in a water-logged
trench and ate the
things in its bowel. Full
gorged they chose their roost
keeping the hollowed remnant
in easy range of cold
telescopic eyes...

Strange
indeed how love in other
ways so particular
will pick a corner
in that charnel-house
tidy it and coil up there, perhaps
even fall asleep - her face
turned to the wall!
The opening of the poem is described as a bleak and depressing setting ‘greyness’. (line 2)

(line 6)metaphors of horror and death : the dead tree
The metaphor of the “pebble” refers to the vultures head which is small in comparison to its body,
"bashed-in head, a pebble
on a stem rooted in ,
a dump of gross "
keeping the hollowed remnant
in easy range of cold
telescopic eyes.

last three line 1st section
second section
Strange
indeed how love in other
ways so particular
will pick a corner
in that charnel-house
tidy it and coil up there, perhaps
even fall asleep - her face
turned to the wall!
third section
Thus the Commandant at Belsen
Camp going home for
the day with fumes of
human roast clinging
rebelliously to his hairy
nostrils will stop
at the wayside sweet-shop
and pick up a chocolate
for his tender offspring
waiting at home for Daddy's
return...
1st section
Praise bounteous
providence if you will
that grants even an ogre
a tiny glow-worm
tenderness encapsulated
in icy caverns of a cruel
heart or else despair
for in the very germ
of that kindred love is
lodged the perpetuity
of evil.

section 4
Sizwe Bansi Is Dead opens in the photography studio of a man named Styles. The studio is located in New Brighton, Port Elizabeth, South Africa. After reading a newspaper article on an automobile plant, Styles tells a humorous story to the audience about an incident that occurred when he worked at Ford Motor Company
Styles continues to read the paper and talks about his photography studio.
Sizwe says his name is Robert Zwelinzima. Styles asks Sizwe what he will do with the photo, and Sizwe tells him he will send it to his wife.
The focus switches back to Sizwe as he continues to compose the letter to his wife. He describes his experiences at Sky’s Shebeen, where he was served alcohol by a woman in a respectful manner.
sizwe Bansi Is Dead shifts to the outside of Sky’s after Sizwe and Buntu have been drinking.
At Buntu’s house, Buntu switches the photographs in the books. He proposes that they burn Sizwe’s book—effectively making him dead—and have Sizwe adopt the dead man’s identity so he can stay in Port Elizabeth.
Sizwe is unsure about the plan; in particular, he worries about his wife and children. Buntu contends that they can remarry. After much discussion, Sizwe agrees to the switch.
Edward Said
Power & knowledge are inseparable
Orientalism is the 1978 book that has been highly influential in post colonial studies
Attempted to explain how European/Western colonizers looked upon the "orient"
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