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13 colonies compare/contrast web

compare and contrast the 13 colonies
by

Bryan Taylor

on 23 September 2013

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Transcript of 13 colonies compare/contrast web

13 Colonies
1607-1776
New England
Middle
Southern
Government
Geography
Government
Geography
Massachusetts
Economy
Who was first?
Plymouth
- 1620: Pilgrims
Massachusetts Bay
- 1630: Puritans
Rhode Island:
Conn., RI, and NH were create from people who left Mass.
- Wanted religious freedom from Puritans
Connecticut
Thomas Hooker:
- Founded Connecticut
- Believed in:
- Non-church members could vote
Pilgrims, Puritans, and Separatists seeking RELIGIOUS FREEDOM from the Church of England
New Hampshire
Climate:
- Cool weather
- Longer winters, shorter summers
Landscape:
- Rocky land
- Poor soil
- Difficult growing crops
- Forests
Poor farming soil
Subsistence Farming:
- Only grew enough food to supply themselves
Economy relied on:
- Lumber
- Ship Building
- Fishing
- Trading
Government
Mayflower Compact:
- An agreement to accept majority rule and a government that is in the best interest of all members of the colony
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut 1638
- First written constitution in the colonies
- Voting rights to non-church members
- *Thomas Hooker wrote it
Town Meetings:
- Encouraged the growth of Democracy by allowing men to have a voice.
Geography
The 13 English Colonies
New York
Economy
New Jersey
Reason they came:
- Freedom of religion
- Good farm land and many resources for work
- Very tolerant
Pennsylvania
Delaware
Human Experience


Human Experience
Anne Hutchinson:
- Challenged the authority of the church
- Forced out of Mass.
Economy relied on:
- Corn and wheat
-"bread basket"
- Ship building
- Fishing
- Trade
Climate:
- Warm summers and cool winters
- Longer growing season
Landscape:
- Fertile Soil
- Flat land
- Deep harbors for ships
- Appalachian Mountains to the west
Proprietary Colonies:
- Individuals owned the land
Duke of York:
New York
William Penn: Pennsylvania
- Established as a safe place for Quakers
- Quakers: believed in peace, acceptance of all religions,
John Berkeley and George Carteret:
New Jersey
Virginia
Maryland
North and South Carolina
Georgia
Most people came looking to get rich from the land
Georgia-
- To separate colonies from Spanish
- A place for people who were in debt
Human Experience
Lord Baltimore
-Maryland
- A safe place for Roman Catholics
John Smith 1607:
- Virginia Company
- Established in search of gold
-"He who does not work does not eat"
Landscape:
- Rich soil
- Suited for growing crops
- Abundant land
- Appalachian Mountains to the west
Climate:
- Long, warm summers
- Long growing season
Economy relied on:
- Plantations
- Tobacco and other "cash crops"
- Cotton becomes the most important crop
- There were very few cities
Plantations relied heavily on African slave labor.
- As cotton became more popular, so did the use of slaves
John Rolfe:
- Developed a new type of tobacco
- Tobacco made the south rich, but soon it would turn to cotton
Virginia Company of London
- Appointed governors for the colony
House of Burgesses: 1619
- First elected legislature (lawmakers) in the colonies
Carolinas and Georgia:
- Royal Colonies
- Ruled by governors appointed by the King of England
Physical Geography of the region
Economy
Triangle Trade
Colonial Economy
Full transcript