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The Atlantic Slave Trade
Transcript of The Atlantic Slave Trade
Before Euro Colonization: slaves were symbols of prestige, luxury, and power
Slavery=not always viewed as a permanent condition
Classical and medieval world slavery=not based on race (physical characteristics)
Early Civilizations=not always lowest status
Little upward mobility
Based on race (social hierarchy)
Lowest status in society
Demand for labor=plantation based and labor intensive work
1400s: Portugal sugar plantations off coast of Africa
1500s: est. Trading Posts
women-sexual or domestic servitude
Beginnings of TST
-Portugal begins ST in Africa
Triangular Trade Routes
New England-West Africa-Americas=rum/molasses
(1500-1900): 10-16 million forcibly transported to Americas
For every 100 that reached NW, 40 died in MP or Africa
off coast of Senegal
1776-Last Slave house standing (Dutch)
Triangular Trade Route
The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
'Door of No Return'
Slave-Based Economy Trajectory
(1650s) slavery demand increased=sugar plantation
Height late 1700s: 100,000 per year
ST declared Illegal
cost of slaves Increased
Africans Left in Africa
Legacy of Slavery
Impacts of Slave Trade Cont.
Global Trade increased
rise of capitalism
Shaped Culture, Language, Social, Genetic Aspects
more diverse pop.
-First slave society.
Mesopotamia, Persia, Babylon, India, China, Egypt, Assyria.
Muslim Traders in North Africa
Not based on race.
(adapted from Ms. Poveromo and Mrs. Kononov)
What is Africa diaspora?