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Foodborne Illness "What to do"

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by

Kayla Hoelscher

on 9 April 2015

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Transcript of Foodborne Illness "What to do"

Foodborne Illness
Treating the Symptoms
Prevention is the best approach
Self-treatment is appropriate if the symptoms are mild and the individual is not high-risk
Drink water, get rest
If symptoms last more than 3 days seek additional help
If symptoms are severe do not wait to call a doctor
This includes high fever (101)
Blood in stools
Dehydration
Reacting to Foodborne Illness
Foodborne illness can affect people differently
May cause different symptoms to appear in each person
One person may become sick and the other may not
Genetic makeup may play a role in how the body reacts to certain contaminants
Age and state of health also plays a role in the body's reaction
Who is at risk?
Infants
young children
pregnant women
older adults
substance abusers
people with immune disorders
Recognizing the Symptoms
Most common symptoms include vomiting, stomach cramps, and diarrhea
The type and amount of bacteria in a food affects how sick a person becomes
Most symptoms appear after a day or two after eating the food
Some may take up to 30 days
Most last only a few days
A small percentage of cases lead to other illnesses
Miscarriages, kidney failure, arthritis, or death may be linked to foodborne illness
What to do when it happens
People who are at a greater risk include:
Infant & Children
Their immune systems are not mature enough to easily fight a virus or buildup of harmful bacteria
A given amount of toxin poses more danger to their small bodies
Pregnant women need to avoid ant type of illness due to potential danger to their fetus
Older Adults
Older people have lost some of their ability to fight off dangerous bacteria
Immune systems weaken as people age
Stomach acid also decreases with age
Stomach acid reduces the number of bacteria in our intestinal tracts
People of Poor Health
Contaminants from foods place added stress on the body
People who are HIV positive or have AIDS are at greater risk
Also people with cancer, diabetes, or liver disease
Treatment for High-Risk
Seek immediate medical advice when someone in the high-risk group presents symptoms
If symptoms include double vision, inability to swallow, or difficulty speaking go directly to the hospital
These symptoms suggest botulism- a type of foodborne illness that can be fatal without treatment
Reporting Foodborne Illness
Determining the source can be hard
Symptoms may not appear until a day or two after consumption
If you suspect the source came from a public source, call the local health department
If consumed at a restaurant, you should file a report
If you still have some of the suspected food, wrap it in a plastic bag, mark the bag, and place in refrigerator
Health officials may want to examine the food to see if a recall is necessary
Review!
How does foodborne illness affect people differently?
Who might be at greater risk for foodborne illness?
What are the most common symptoms?
What are common treatments?
Why should you report a foodborne illness case?
Epidemiologist
Public health professionals who investigate patterns and causes of disease in humans.
They seek to reduce the risk and occurrence of negative health outcomes through research
Often work in offices and laboratories, usually at health departments for state and local governments, in hospitals, and at colleges and universities.
Some do fieldwork to conduct interviews and collect samples for analysis
Full transcript