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History Alive Chapter 6
Transcript of History Alive Chapter 6
2nd Continental Congress, May 10, 1775
met in Philadelphia;
-Created a "continental army" made up of troops from all of the colonies;
George Washington was chosen to be commander-in-chief of the new Continental Army.
Battle of Bunker Hill
-militia fortified two hills near Boston;
-British General Howe ordered immediate attack;
-militia told "don't fire till you see the whites of their eyes";
-on the third attempt British troops took hill because militia ran out of gunpowder;
-1000 British casualties; 500 Colonial casualties;
-war had begun!
-new commander Washington learns his army has only 36 barrels of gunpowder;
-starts rumor in Boston that he had 1800 barrels
-sent Henry Knox to British Fort Ticonderoga to round up big guns;
-seized the fort and took 59 cannons and 2300 pounds of lead; loaded them onto sleighs and drug them 300 miles to Boston;
-in March 1776 many of those guns used in the siege at Boston; 9000 British troops, 1100 Loyalists leave the city;
-many colonists were still neutralists;
-in 1776 Thomas Paine published this fiery pamphlet;
-sold 120,000 copies in a few months;
-persuaded thousands of colonists that independence was proper course
Olive Branch Petition
-adopted by CC in July 1775;
-attempt to avoid a full blown war;
--by the time it reached London, King declared colonies to be in rebellion
On July 4, 1776, the delegates accepted the Declaration of Independence, written by Thomas Jefferson.
In June of 1776, the Continental Congress agreed that a Declaration of Independence needed to be written.
The Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Independence
– All people have equal rights.
“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”
2 – Great Britain had treated the colonists wrongfully.
3 – The colonies were now an independent country known as the United States of America.
3 Main Parts