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The India Caste System

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Kristy Pearce

on 24 July 2014

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Transcript of The India Caste System

Hypothesis
The Caste System determines the well-being of people in India.
The Caste System History
Ancient Hindu tradition
Dates back to 1200 BC (about 3200 years ago)
The term 'Caste' comes from a Spanish/Portuguese word 'casta' meaning race or lineage
4 major castes, untouchables (those that fall outside the caste system)
There are many thousands of sub-castes related to specific occupations, language etc.
What is it like today?
The caste system is still present in India, especially in rural areas.
Caste discrimination has been against the law since 1950
Government programs have tried to raise the living standards of Untouchables
Urbanization, economic development, and industrialization benefit Untouchables by breaking down caste barriers.
In the cities of India members of different castes are constantly in close contact and forced to interact with one another which helps to weaken the strict rules of the caste system.
Unemployment
Chakraborty, an Indian staffing vice-president says that 94% of the work force had bad employment which is growing faster than proper employment meaning unemployment and bad employment is on the rise quickly.
Chakraborty also says that India really needs to invest and build kills amongst their youth, this means India’s education system needs to focus more on an effective apprentice administration so there are more people getting employed.
Women, due to the caste system are put lower in Indian society making it even harder for them to get employed.
India, being the second most populated country on earth has a vast unemployment rate. The caste system also dictates every women’s occupation.
Unemployment
Members of high caste enjoy wealth while low caste members are left unemployed, poor or with bad employment.
There are then ‘Untouchables’ who are people that clean toilets and deal with rubbish and waste products, these people are considered polluted and no one is to touch or go near them.
The caste system is very hard to escape and there is low circumstances of rising out of poverty, most people stay in the caste their entire life and get married in the caste system too.
Unemployment
Indian unemployment has been on the rise and economic slowdown
There was an increase from 3.5% to 3.8% this year.
Global hunt's MD, Sunil Goel, says that Indian global economics and business expansion has slowed down. He also says people between 10-25 years old are suffering from unemployment issues because there are no job opportunities.
21.2% of working men ages 15 and up had regular salaried jobs between 2011 and 2012.
The India Caste System
For our investigation we will be looking into:
The Caste System history
Gender inequality
Religion
Unemployment
Effects on people
Bibliography
Unemployment in India on the rise, rural women worst hit, June 2013, viewed on the 13th of June 2014, http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Unemployment-in-India-on-the-rise-rural-women-worst-hit/articleshow/20690849.cms

Unemployment rises India experts say, January in 2014, viewed on 18th June 2014, http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/Unemployment-levels-rising-in-India-experts-say/articleshow/29403619.cms

The Indian Caste System & Women, by M&W on the 22nd March 2013, viewed on the 19th June 2014, http://prezi.com/yigyu1hb78eq/the-indian-caste-system-women/

Gender Inequality
Originally caste depended upon a person's work, it soon became hereditary. The society was divided based on their occupation and line of descent. There after each person was born into an unalterable social status. It is thought they developed it due to unruly behaviour and conflict to help keep order in their communities. It is also said the Aryans wanted to be able to keep their identity apart from the people they defeated in war. Caste also mean’s colour. Caste was also a way for them to be able to group the lighter Aryan’s from the darker pre-Aryan population. Women were of lesser rank to men. They were to basically devote themselves to their father’s and then their husbands. Women were in control of the household duties. They were dedicated to family affairs instead of community affairs.


Religion

The caste system didn’t fit well with the teachings of Buddhism and Hinduism, this was because the religions do not believe in social classes. Lower class caste members began to seek help from these religions for this reason because they felt and taught that way they appealed to the common people

The caste system had both good and bad effects on the society. It helped by promoting tolerance. It allowed widely different social classes to live peacefully next to each other separated by social structure. Some of the bad effects were that it took certain freedoms away. The caste decided where they were allowed to go, what they could eat and wear, and what their jobs are. Another bad effect was it made the people exposed to prejudice, and stereotyping. These differences in rankings often cause disputes within the society.
Solutions for the Caste System
Remove the harshness of the Caste System and give people the choice to choose their religion.
Another solution is for people in India to attend an exam at the age of 18 so they can try to pass it, giving them their own freedom.
For all Hindus to renounce the Caste
Quiz
What is the percentage of unemployment today?
What religion was the Caste System in India based off of?
What's one solution for it?
What are the 'Untouchables'?
What happens with unemployment for women?
Any fact you can tell us
Full transcript