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Transcript of Smith House
1934 – Richard Meier was born
1957 - Bachelor of Architecture
degree from Cornell University.
SOM is one of the largest
architectural firms in the world
They’re sometimes known as the ‘three blind mice’
Architect and furniture designer’
1963 – Started his own practice
1965 - Designed a house for his parents
1967 - Meier designed the Smith House
1979 - Richard Meier worked on the
Museum for the Decorative Arts in Frankfurt
1984 - Awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize
1988 - Richard Meier was awarded the
Royal Institute of British Architects Medal
Mies Van der Rohe
Frank Lloyd Wright
New York Five
The new York five is the name given to a group of architects ( Peter Eisenman, Michael Graves, Charles Gwathmey, John Hejduk and Richard Meier )
There was an opposing group called 'The Grays'
They were united by their mutual admiration of the modernist movement and the principles that Le Corbusier largely introduced.
White is the most wonderful colour because within it you can see all the colours of the rainbow
Light and Colour
Subtraction and Addition
Villa Savoye, Le Corbusier
Richard Meier learnt a lot from Le Corbusier including ideas on;
5 points of architecture
Quality of space
Meier admired art from a very early age, he was particularly interested in sculptures and paintings, whether this being contemporary or 20th century work.
'Architecture is the greatest of the arts'
Graves, Hejduk and Meier all began there architectural search with their concern for organizing the visual world as in painting in a spatially complex manner.
This can be seen in their work, for example Hejduk’s House 10 and Graves’ Hanselman House, where route and journey is important in all of them.
"I'll never hire an American under any circumstances"
Le Corbusier - Villa Stein 1927
Richard Meier – MOCA Barcelona 1995.
The main aspects of the Smith House
by Richard Meier are;
Refuge and Prospect
Jan average -4C
July average 21c
Annual rainfall 117cm
Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Arts, 1987
Neugebauer house, 1995
Smith house has an apparent geometry
on the plans and elevations.
John Hejduk, House 10, 1966
Micheal Graves, Hanselman House, 1967
Richard Meier, Smith House, 1965
The Smith House site has been designed to fit into a grid. Meier designed to have certain trees planted in specific locations to fit into the geometry of the site.
Collage by Richard Meier
Barcelona Gallery (1987) by Richard Meier
A wrapping wall encloses
the private section while
columns allow the public
section to be very open
with large glass panels
The shape of the Smith House can be seen as a cube that has had elements added too and taken away from.
Clark, R. H., & Pause, M. (1996). Precedents in Architecture (2nd ed.). (J. Degenhardt, Ed.) New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
Futagawa, Y. (1973). Richard Meier: Smith House, Darien, Connecticut, 1967 and House in Old Westbury, Long Island, New York, 1971. (D. Morton, Trans.) Tokyo: A.D.A Edita.
Meier, R. (1984). Richard Meier Architect 1964-1984. New York: Rizzoli.
Line of Progression
Meier's established Site Axis
Examples of Meier's work
"Perpendicular to this axis, the intersecting planes in the house respond to the rhythms of the slope, trees, rock outcroppings, and the shoreline."
"There is a formal layering, giving a sense of progression, as one moves across the site from the entrance road down to the shore, and the 'line of progression' determines the major site axis