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China

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Stephanie Winn

on 17 October 2012

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Transcript of China

The Middle Kingdom Began in the mid 19th century
Economic reasons
Post-Civil War depression caused discrimination
1882-Congress passed Chinese Exclusion Act
Denied the right of naturalization
1892-The Geary Act
1910-Angel Island Inspection Station built in San Francisco Immigration Protest and court challenges from Chinese Americans rose awareness
1943- Chinese Exclusion Act repealed
1952- Walter-McCarren Act
1960s-advances from Chinese Americans made in medicine, business, and politics
1964-Immigration and Nationality Act
Modern immigration reasons: economic, education, and career Immigration (Cont.) Vera Wang-Famous fashion Designer
Parents immigrated from Shanghai, China in the mid 1940s
Her Father worked in medicine and her Mother worked as a translator for the U.N Famous Chinese Americans Ezgi Ozel
Kelly Wall
Stephanie Winn
Professor Perisse
English 116L 138
17 October 2012 Michelle Kwan Won 2 Olympic gold medals for figure skating
Parents are immigrants from Hong Kong
Grew up speaking both Cantonese and English Bruce Lee Martial Artist, film director, producer, screenwriter, and actor
Parents immigrated from Hong Kong
Lee was born in the hour and year of the dragon (strong and fortiuous omen) Born as Chang Kong-sang in Hong Kong
Actor, action choreographer, comedian, director, producer, martial artist, and stunt performer
Parents were refugees from the Chinese Civil War Jackie Chan Family Lifestyle Ordinary Life Lifestyle (Cont.) Taoism- simplicity in all things
Find importance in conformity to nature, harmony, and simple living
Chinese lifestyle encompasses two considerations: harmony between humans and nature and harmony among humans
Interpersonal harmony is of the utmost importance
Health and exercise: Qigong and kung-fu Extended family is extremely important
One-child policy: enforced since 1978
Prohibits families in the cities to having more than one child.
Caused gender imbalance: 120 boys for every 100 girls born
Creating "the worlds biggest lonely hearts club" Festivals Lifestyle (Cont.) Food Lifestyle (Cont.) Aquatic Sports Sports Bird's nest soup
Peking Duck
Kung Pao Chicken
Chicken fried rice
Dim Sum
Sweet and Sour Pork
Spring Rolls Lifestyle (Cont.) Food Bird's Nest Soup Kung Pao Chicken Peking Duck Stephanie Winn Chicken Fried Rice Dim Sum Sweet and Sour Pork Spring Rolls Popular Dishes: Culture
- Ancient Architecture
-Terracotta Warriors
-Marriage and Weddings
-Religion
-Language
-Superstitions Chinese New Year (Spring Festival)
Ching Ming Festival
Tin Hau Festival
Dragon Boat Event
Birthday of Buddha Location swimming, diving, and boating events
dragon boat racing (Sai Longzhou)
decorate boats to resemble dragon
craftsman show their skills through the carving and decorating of the boats
according to legend race became custom after the rescue Qu Yuan the patriotic poet
boat- 66 ft long and 3.3 ft wide
oarsmen/oarswomen, coxswain, gong beater, and a drummer 3rd largest country
9.6 million square kilometers
Bordered by 14 countries Georgraphy Location Geography Location The Great Wall is one of the most significant and largest pieces of architecture in China
Today, it remains a symbol for the nation
The Great Wall of China Chinese currency: Renminbi (Primary unit is Yuan)
1 Chinese Yuan=0.1592 USD
Unstabilized
One of world's largest economies is slowing down
Families in rural towns hit the hardest due to few government programs
Unemployment rate: 6.5 %
Population in poverty: 13.4 % Economy Ancient Architecture It took approximately 2000 years to build

About 5,500 miles long

Was built to protect against invasion from the north Towers and pagodas are very common in China
-They consist of many different shapes, rectangular being the most common
-Are made out of wood, which is a symbol for life
-They are extremely detailed and some were built for religious purposes China has a numerous amount of religions and therefore does not have a dominant religion Religion The Six Harmonies Pagoda
Liuhe Pagoda Location : Yuelun Hill Tianning (Changzhou) Temple Location : Changzhou Terracotta Warrior Army Discovered in 1974
About 8,000 life sized warriors
Buried for about 2,200 year to protect Emperor Qin in his afterlife More pictures... Pagodas and Towers Located : Banyu Lake, Gulin Sun and Moon Pagoda Main Three Religions Buddha Statue
Yungang Grottoes, Datong, China Confucianism Buddhism Taoism Temple of Confucius
Beijing, China Wong Tai Sin Temple
Hong Kong, China Ezgi Ozel Wedding Day for the Bride Very common for a bride to wear more than one dress during her wedding

-A tradition red Qipao

-A western style wedding dress



Why wear red?

- Red is a symbol for happiness, luck and wealth for the Chinese Wedding Tea Ceremony Tea is a symbol for respect

This is one of the most significant events of the wedding
-Bride and groom serve tea and always bow before serving
-Elders are served first, starting always from the fathers side In return… the bride and groom receive red envelopes. “Lai see”, which mean lucky Languages Most Common:
Standard Mandarin
Cantonese

Others:
Kan
Hsiang
Wu
Hakka
Min Interesting Facts There is no alphabet
There are about 100,000 recorded characters/symbols in total
In order to read a newspaper a person should know and be able to recognize about 3,000 to 4,000 characters.
A very well educated person should know and be able to recognize 6,000 plus. Learn How to Say Hello Education in China Ezgi Ozel Preschool / Kindergarten Three Categories in the Education System Basic Education Higher Education Adult Education Can last up to three years
Children begin attending at age 3 Elementary School Children start at age 6 Middle School Middle school students have the option to continue their education, they can take entrance exams to enter either a high school or a vocational secondary school
Is 3 years long High School Students are only required 9 years of schooling, in order to continue they must may a small high school tuition fee
Is 3 year long Undergraduate Studies 2 year, 3 year and 4 year colleges Additional Information and Statistics China’s literacy rate: (15+)
Total population : 96.1%
Male: 95.7%
Female: 87.6% Average Years in School (Elementary -High School)
Male: 11 years
Female: 12 years Education expenditures:
1.9% of GDP In 2010 it was found that 60 % of high school graduates go to college There are more than 2000 colleges and universities in China Graduate Studies Enrollment is increasing since the 1990's Adult education is designated for illiterate or unskilled adults who want to take classes Mostly 2-3 year programs Interesting Superstitions Do not play with a broom, only use it for cleaning because they contain spirits. Also do not use it for three days after New Years because it will sweep away all your good luck . If you clip or trim your nails at night you will be visited by a ghost. Dreaming about snow may lead to a parents death. "The World Factbook." Central Intelligence Agency. Web. 13 Oct. 2012. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world factbook/geos/ch.html> Works Cited "Chinese Customs, Superstitions and Traditions." The Economic and Commercial Counsellor's Office of the Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the United States of America., 29 Nov. 2009. Web. 13 Oct. 2012.
<http://us2.mofcom.gov.cn/aarticle/aboutchina/custom/200411/20041100004548.html>. The number 4 in chinese is bad luck, because it sounds like the word death. If you keep a turtle as a pet your business will lose fortune. It is bad luck to have two rooms facing each other. Wearing black, blue or gray at someone's wedding will bring them bad luck. "Education System in China." Education System in China. 1998-2000 CERNIC, CERNET, Web. 13 Oct. 2012. <http://www.edu.cn/20041203/3123354.shtml>. Salaries and Education Percentages Based off a salary survey (2011-2012) the average household income in China was 89,040 CNY  which is about $14,000 Aerial Sports Sports (Cont.) Dang Qiuqian (Swing)
Acrobatics/Strength
Started with the Jin Dynasty (265-420)
During festivals they wear fine clothes and decorate swings
Thick ropes are tied to the branches of a large tree and a ribbon/ring is tied above the swing, so the performers have to swing up to reach them Aerial Sports Sports (Cont.) Tiaoban (See-Saw jump)
Popular with women
Jumping with a spring board
Held during the Lantern Festival, Dragon Boat festival, and Mid-Autumn day
Springboard: 19.7 feet long, 1.3 feet wide, and 1.97 inches thick
Two people stand on either end and as one jumps it projects other person higher in the air Land Sports Sports (Cont.) Tug of war
Ancient Football
Top Spinning (Da Tuoluo)
Stepping on High (Gaogiao)
Firework Catching (Qiang Huapao)
Wrestling
Horse Racing
Lion Dance
Martial Arts Chinese Born Population in the US Stephanie Winn Stephanie Winn Stephanie Winn Stephanie Winn Kelly Wall Kelly Wall Stephanie Winn Stephanie Winn Stephanie Winn Stephanie Winn Stephanie Winn Stephanie Winn Stephanie Winn Solamen Crossing the Blvd Kelly Wall Government China is a communist state and it is called
The People’s Republic of China

The current president is Hu Jintao
The vice president is Xi Jinping

The Forbidden City housed emperors and their families for 500 years. original name Shru Zhang
grew up on Shantung Providence, Mainland China
Left when he was 14 years old
At 26 passed exam to go to Teachers College in Taiwan
1979 immigrated
changed name when he immigrated
"America is much better for my kids". (Warren Lehrer and Judith Sloan p.315) Kelly Wall Kelly Wall Kelly Wall Kelly Wall Kelly Wall Kelly Wall Kelly Wall Pro's of chinese immigration chines supplied labor for growing industries
chinese factory workers were very important in California
they helped build the railroads
developed farm land
they were the first to claim stakes in the gold mines, causing others to move west Kelly Wall Con's of Chinese Immigrants they started their own factories competing with Americans
Americans murdered, beat, and attacked the Chinese Ezgi Ozel Ezgi Ozel Ezgi Ozel Ezgi Ozel Ezgi Ozel Ezgi Ozel Ezgi Ozel Ezgi Ozel Ezgi Ozel Ezgi Ozel Ezgi Ozel Ezgi Ozel Ezgi Ozel Ezgi Ozel Ezgi Ozel Ezgi Ozel "Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang." UNESCO World Heritage Centre. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2012. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/439>. Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang." UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Web. 13 Oct. 2012. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/439>. "Foreign Languages at TFLI." The Great Language of China.., 28 Aug. 2012. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. <http://tfli.org/diablog/?p=170>.
"Great Wall of China." Travel China Guide. Web. 13 Oct. 2012. <http://www.travelchinaguide.com/china_great_wall/>. "Chinese Wedding Traditions." Chinese Wedding Traditions. The Chinese Historical and Cultural Project, Web. 13 Oct. 2012. <http://www.chcp.org/wedding.html>. Mack, Lauren. "Chinese Wedding - All about Chinese Weddings." About.com Chinese Culture. Web. 14 Oct. 2012. <http://chineseculture.about.com/od/chinesefestivals/a/Chinese-Wedding.htm>. Nedelcu, Florin. "The 7 Most Impressive Pagodas in China." Hotel Club Travel Blog. Web. 14 Oct. 2012. <http://www.hotelclub.com/blog/the-7-most-impressive-pagodas-in-china/>. "Strangers and Aliens." Blog Project ., 15 Apr. 2012. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://jrn.biola.edu/~danielk33/wordpress/?cat=4>. "Chinese Religion." China Travel Depot. China CYTS Tours Holding Co. Ltd., Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://www.chinatraveldepot.com/C11-Religions-in-China>. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook: China. October 5 2012. October 8 2012 <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ch.html>. "Chinese Traditional Sports and Activities." TravelChinaGuide. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/focus/sport.htm>. "History of Chinese Immigration to USA." History of Chinese Immigration To USA. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <http://www.mapsofworld.com/usa/immigration/history-of-chinese-immigration-to-usa.html> "Immigration... Chinese: Legislative Harassment - For Teachers (Library of Congress)."Immigration... Chinese: Legislative Harassment - For Teachers (Library of Congress). N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/chinese5.html>. "Chinese Immigration to the United States." Chinese Immigration. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <http://www.oakton.edu/user/4/billtong/chinaclass/History/immigration.htm>. Thank You!!
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