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Transcript of OLYMPIC GAMES
The official website of the Olympic Movement identifies swimming since the beginning of the Olympic Games, a discipline which was present at the very first Olympic Game in 1896 in Athens, Greece. Butterfly stroke was firstly introduced in 1956 at the Melbourne Olympic Games. Breaststrokers who flung their arms over their heads to go faster discovered butterfly stroke.
Gold medalist Michael Phelps at London 2012
The Olympic Museum (2007, 2nd Edition) mentions that the first Olympic Games is referred as the date of 776 BC. They were named after Olympia, the first location to give birth to the most famous games.
Equestrian events were included in the Olympic Games for the first time in 1900 in a format that has remained remarkably consistent to the present day. ( Olympic.org 2013 )The long and colourful traditions of Dressage go as far back as ancient Greece. Dressage, the highest expression of horse training, is considered the art of equestrian sport and is used as the groundwork for all other disciplines. ( Olympic.org 2013 )
Australian gymnastics first took place in the Olympics in 1956 games; it has come a long way since Australia first competed (Australian Women at 1956 Olympics Games, 2008). There are three main events within gymnastics that are represented in the Olympics; Artistic Events, Rhythmic Events and Trampoline Events; each section is then broken down into precise event classifications (Gymnastics Artistic, 2013).
To compete at an Olympic level both the horse and rider must be professionally trained to a very high level.
A general knowledge and care for horses.
Balance is essential as is skilled hands and legs to control the horse.
To learn horse riding it requires many lessons on all types of horses to be fully able to develop the confidence, correct frame and seat on the horse.
The personal fitness and enjoyment of being out in the fresh air to train.
You not only have the sport and competition you also have a loving animal with you every day. You are caring, training and competing with a living animal, an animal that has a huge heart and that can recognise their from miles away.
Women’s artistic gymnastics incorporates 7 main events including, balance beam, floor exercises, individual all round, team, uneven bars and vault. There are many different skills needed to compete all the different sections of artistic gymnastics ranging from agility, co-ordination, balance to strength and flexibility (Bellevue, 2014).
The uneven bars are one of the most remarkable events, combining strength, rhythm, and precision the gymnast alternates from bar to bar, changing directions and grips while incorporating different swings (Uneven Bars Women, 2013)
Lauren Mitchell performed in the 2008 Beijing Olympics and ranked 6th in team and 68th in individual all round, 21 years of age Lauren was Australia’s first female to be titled world champion in 2010 (Lauren Mitchell , 2012).
Gymnastics has overall fitness, cognitive and psychological benefits; the discipline and social interaction creates a strong athlete who is focus and has a good understanding of the biomechanics of their body, while creating a good team environment (Bellevue, 2014).
Seifert , et al. (2007, p.131-132) identify that butterfly stroke is made in the prone position where both arms are lifted simultaneously out of the water and flung forward, in combination with the dolphin kick.
With better synchronization between the arms and legs, the swim velocity increases. Greater continuity between the arms and legs suggests that coaches and swimmers should monitor arm-to-leg coordination.
The Better Health Channel website from the State Government of Victoria (2014) considers swimming an inexpensive way to exercise which can be practiced endlessly during the lifetime. Unlimited health benefits can be achieved by this activity, such as building body endurance, toning muscles and keeping the heart and the lungs safe and fit. Physically, swimming can be very helpful to relieve stress, to improve coordination and balance and to feel good.
Running was first introduced as part of the first ancient Olympics held in Olympia, Greece, in 776 BC. One of the oldest track events included in the ancient Olympics is the long-distance run (Plummer, 2012).
Modern competitive running ranges from sprints, emphasizing on continuous high speed, to long-distance and marathon races, requiring a great amount of endurance.
Running is a basic motor skill that requires coordination, adequate breathing and mental focus.
To succeed as a competitive runner there are many factors to consider such as stride frequency (leg speed), stride length, the ability to relax limbs and muscular power (Shepherd, 2007).
Endurance and the ability to sustain energy is an important factor when determining ones ability to race at a competitive level (Plummer, 2012).
There are so many benefits of running its no wonder that running is one of the most popular forms of exercise. Running is an easy form of exercise and extremely accessible and you do not require any expensive equipment to train (Kirkman, 2010).
There are many psychological and physiological benefits to running. Examples of physiological benefits include; reducing risk of coronary heart disease, obesity and osteoporosis. Psychological benefits include; reducing stress, increasing motivation and enhancing mood by the release of ‘feel good’ endorphins.
In the image above (Encyclopedia Britannica Inc. 2014) you can see the butterfly stroke technique.
In the image above (O.F. Waldhauer 1923) you can see the Discobolus of Myron
Athletico 2012, The many benefits of the swimming [image], Athletico, viewed 10 January 2014,
Australian Women at 1956 Olympics Games. (2008). Retrieved from http://waghostory.gymnastics.org.au/
Bellevue. (2014). Gymnastics Australia, Womens Gymnastics. Retrieved January 2nd , 2014, from Gymnastics Australia: http://www.gymnastics.org.au/default.asp?MenuID=Gymsports/20035/0,Women@^039;s_Artistic/c20060/3358
Better Health Channel 2014, Swimming-health benefit, State Victoria Government, viewed 28 December 2012,
Beat Kung 2007, 100m women [image], viewed 6 Januray 2014, http://www.flickr.com/photos/beatkueng/1350250361/?addedcomment=1#comment72157605326099631
Encyclopedia Britannica Inc 2014, The Butterfly Stroke [image], Butterfly stroke- Kids Encyclopedia, Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., viewed 28 December 2013,
Lryicborn 2012,London 2012 Olympic Games Charlotte Dujardin Grand Prix Freestyle,August 10th, Viewed 23rd January 2014,
Gymnastics Artistics . (2012). Retrieved January 13th , 2014, from London 2012: http://london2012.olympics.com.au/sports/gymnastics-artistic/related-media/media/366FC050-DFF1-11DF-B959005056B04A53
Gymnastics Artistics . (2013). Retrieved December 24th, 2013, from Olympic: http://www.olympic.org/gymnastics-artistic
International Olympic Committee, 2013, Swimming Equipment and History, International Olympic Committee, viewed 28 December 2013,
Kirkham, S 2010, Get Into Running: Teach Yourself, Hachette, UK
Lauren Mitchell . (2012). Retrieved December 27th, 2013, from London 2012: http://london2012.olympics.com.au/athlete/lauren-mitchell
Official Olympic Channel by the International Olympic Committee, 2012, Men's Swimming 100m Butterfly Final - London 2012 Olympics, 3 August, viewed 28 December 2013, <
Olympic.org 2013, Equestrian/dressage equipment and history, viewed 29th December 2013
Plummer, SD 2012, Training For Distance Running, Clinton Gilkie, viewed 27th December 2013, http://books.google.com.au/books?id=V2evm32fljMC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false
Seifert, L, Delignieres, D, Boulesteix, L, & Chollet, D 2007, Effect of expertise on butterfly stroke coordination, Journal of Sports Sciences, vol.25, no. 2, pp. 131-141.
Shepherd, J 2007, Sports Training: The Complete Guide, Firefly Books Limited, Buffalo, New York, US
The Olympic Museum, The Olympic Games in Antiquity, International Olympic Committee, viewed 28 December 2013,
The Olympic Games. (2014). Retrieved January Monday, 2014, from Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10150556530769216&set=a.10150556529684216.405326.209361989215&type=1&theater
Uneven Bars Women. (2013). Retrieved December 28th, 2013, from Olympic: http://www.olympic.org/artistic-gymnastics-uneven-bars-women
Waldhauer O.F 1923, Discobolus of Myron [image], Discobolus of Myron. Modern reconstruction of the original statue of the 5th Century B.C., Ancientrome, viewed 10 January 2014,
Wikipedia, 2012 , Charlotte Dujardin , 2012 Olympic dressage [image] , England , viewed 29/12/2012
The Olympic Games presentation includes four diverse sports, swimming, equestrian, gymnastics and running underlining major events, skills, and benefits, examining a variety of online sources from 2007 through 2014 sites. We sought our events via governed organisations and external links that connected our sports to their history including YouTube that has over 212,772 hits on equestrian rider Charlotte Dujardin.
Simone Barbieri, Sarah Cantle
Nicole Roberts & Kim Broad
(Lauren Mitchell, 2012)
(Gymnastics Artistic, 2012)
(Gymnastics Artistic, 2013)
In the picture above Charlotte Dujardin winning gold at London 2012
The Olympic Games has grown since 776 BC, with the first game introducing events such as running and swimming, to developing new events such as gymnastics and equestrian later in the 1900’s (2007, 2nd Edition). Each sport has different skills that determine whether an athlete can perform in the Olympic Games, however all four sports have similar benefits including, muscle tone, reducing risk of diseases, social interaction and overall physical enhancement.
(The Olympic Games, 2014)
Charlotte Dujardin wins gold medal at London 2012
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