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Articles of Confederation

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Katie Sullivan

on 25 November 2013

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Transcript of Articles of Confederation

Articles of Confederation and the Constitution
Articles of Confederation
Failure of the Articles
8 major reasons
1. The national government had no power to tax
2. No Chief Executive (president)
3. No national courts
4. The national government couldn’t regulate interstate and foreign commerce
5. 9 of 13 states needed for to approve major laws
6. The military forces “donated” by the states
7. Irregular attendance of delegates
8. The articles couldn’t be amended without unanimous agreement

Constitutional Convention
Federalism vs. Anti-Federalism
Ratification of the Constitution
Nine states required for ratification
Federalists and Anti-federalists debate
Supporters of the New constitution became known as federalists
Opponents were called Anti-Federalists
Video
Congress began to draw up a new government
A confederation was created
State Sovereignty
The central government is weak
Revolution to Confederation
March 1st, 1781
Constitution was drafted in 1787
Fifty five delegates from every state but Rhode Island attended
George Washington was selected as convention's presiding officer
Total secrecy
Delegates decided that articles couldn't be saved so they made a new constitution
Series of compromises
drawing all 13 states together
state independence
The central government can only recommend policies
one-house congress
Things Congress Could Do
negotiate treaties
borrow money
request money from states
fund an army and navy
run a postal service
establish courts
appoint military officers
control Indian affairs
Things Congress could not do
regulate trade
collect taxes from citizens
establish a draft
establish a national commercial system
force states to comply with laws
Virginia Plan
Suggested three separate branches of government
Suggested two house legislature
Stated that each state's representation in the lower house would be determined by the taxes paid or in proportion to its free population
An executive would be selected by the legislature and serve for 1 term
New Jersey Plan
Designed to stick closer to the Articles of Confederation
Single chamber legislature
States would have equal representation in legislation and could choose its members
A multi-person executive elected by the legislature with powers similar to the Virginia plan, but not to veto
Connecticut Compromise
Bicameral legislature
The house of Representatives is apportioned according to population
States were equally represented in the Senate
Great Compromise
Works Cited
"Articles of Confederation" American Revolution Reference Library Ed. Barbara Bigelow, Stacy A. Mcconnell Linda Schmittroth. Vol 4: Primary sources. Detrot: UXL, 200. 151-154. U.S. History In Context. Web. 26 Aug. 2013
Danzer, Gerald A, etal. "The Constitution. The Americans: Reconstruction to the 21st Century . Ed. Edmund Austin, ed, etal, Evanston: McDougal Littell, 2009 82-95. print.
"Constitution of the United States" Wests Encuclopedia of American Law. Ed Shirelle Phelps and Jeffrey Lehman. 2nd ed vol 12. Detroit Gale, 2005 112-113. Us History In Context Web 28 Aug 2013
"America Under the Articles of Confederation." American Eras. Vol 4 Development of a Nation 1783-1815. Detroit: Gale, 1997. 200-202. U.S. History In Context. Web. 28 Aug 2013
Adams, John. "Notes of Debates on the Articles of Confederation." The Constitution and Supreme Court. Woodbrige, CT: Primary Source Media, 1999 American Journey. U.S. History In Context. Web. 28 Aug, 2013
"Federalists and Anti-Federalist" Think quest oracle Foundation, 1997 28 Aug. 2013 Web
Shays' Rebellion result
It showed the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, such as there was no strong central government. Shays’ rebellion showed that the national government had no power to force its policies on the states. It also showed how a small group of rebels could have destroyed the government.
Shays' Rebellion
Daniel Shays' a bankrupt farmer who served in the army
recruited an army of 1,200 volunteers
legislature levied heavy taxes of farmers to pay of wartime debts.
a rebellion broke out
threatened to burn Boston to the ground
Anti-Federalists
didn't want the Constitution ratified
favored a decentralized government
wanted weak federal government
fearful that a predict would build up too much power
opposed the ratification of the constitution
demanded a bill of rights
Federalists
supported ratification of the Constitution
has answers for all the Anti-federalist's concerns
separation of powers
the Federalists were more organized in their efforts.
by June 1788 the Constitution was about ready for ratification from their efforts
Full transcript