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How has institutional racism affected people of color in Chicago?

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by

Oscar Lopez

on 11 February 2014

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Transcript of How has institutional racism affected people of color in Chicago?

How has institutional racism affected colored people in Chicago ?
Conclusion
In conclusion all these things affected colored people in Chicago and some of these things still do.
Bibliography
http://www.history.com/
http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/
http://locations.weconnectchicago.org/

How has institutional racism affected people of color in Chicago?

Thesis: Institutional racism has affected people of color in Chicago because of inequality in city planning, neighborhoods, and schools.
City Planning-Public Housing
Altgeld Gardens

Restrictive Covenants

Blockbusting

Redlining

Black Codes
Neighborhoods
The Altgeld gardens are public housing project which is located on the south side of Chicago,IL according to the 2000 census the people who live here are 97% african american.
This project has 1,498 units the Altgeld gardens were built in the year 1945 this public housing project was built for the world war II veterans it was initially owned by the federal government but then given to the Chicago Housing Authority.
The reason this was named "Altgeld" is because John Peter Altgeld was an Illinois governor in the 1890's.
This is considered a landmark because it was one of the first public housing project in the United States.
The Altgeld Gardens face a gang problem with the two gangs The Black Disciples and The Vice Lords but it does not compare to the notorious Cabrini Geen housing projects on the city's north side or the Robert Taylor Homes located in the Bronzeville neighborhood on the south side of Chicago.
The way the Altgeld Gardens are affected by city planning is this place has a crime and gang problem but there are about three ways in and out so that probably was a way of the federal government to keep African Americans contained in one place this the Altgeld Gardens also have its own schools and medical facilities and residents have a concern over the anual deaths from cancerand other diseases the Altgeld Gardens are also located by Landfills ,Waste Dumps ,Manufacturing plants and Steel Mills which may be the cause of some diseases.
The Altgeld Gardens
Lawndale Gardens
The Lawndale Gardens was a public housing project on Chicago's south side located in the neighborhood of Little Village.
It was first opened in the year 1942.
The Lawndale Gardens was the CHA's first experiment with small-scale public housing.
The Lawndale Gardens had 125 units at this 6.5-acre development.
Little Village is predominantly Hispanic.
Little Village also has a gang and crime problem and the largest gangs in this neighborhood are the Almighty Latin Kings and Gangster Two Six.The location of the Lawndale Gardens is California Ave and 25th Street close to the Cook County Jail.
One way city planning has affected The Lawndale Gardens is they built this in a neighborhood that is recognize for culture but at the same time it is gang infested and there is drug problems aswell.
The Lawndale Gardens
Restrictive covenants
Restrictive covenants are when a neighborhood has a block club and every home owner of that block makes an agreement to only sell their homes to white people if the block club was white and this was a legal agreement in the 1920's restrictive covenants were Used nationwide to prevent people of color from purchasing homes in white communities.
The way this affected colored people or people who were not white was this kind of made it impossible for a africanamerican or a mexican or arab person or anybody of color to purchase a home in a white community which in my view is bad because that would lead them to not live were they wanted to and i think thhat if is their money they can buy a home were ever they like.
Blockbusting
Blockbusting was when a real estate agent would try to convince homeowners to sell their homes for a cheap price to avoid any person of color to move into the neighborhood and they would profit by reselling at a higher price.
This affected people of color by the same way it did with "Restrictive Covenants" it also made it harder for a person of color to buy a home were they wanted.
Redlining
Redlining is when a person is charged extra or denied access to health care,banking,insurance or even jobs usually because of where they lived and the people that lived in those areas.The reason for the term Redlining is John McKnight, a sociologist and community activist made the term because it means to mark a red line on a map separate the areas that banks would not invest in.
This affects people of color because it is unfair to be denied important things like health care,insurance and jobs just because you live in a different area.
Black Codes
Black codes are designed to restrict freed blacks' activity and ensure their availability as a labor force after slavery had ended.
for example many states at the time required for african americans to sign yearly labor contracts and if they did not sign they would be arrested,fined or forced into unpaid labor.
This affected people of color by being very unfair to african americans it was basically a law saying that if you refused to sign a contract every year you would be punished.
My opinion of this is it was very deliberate nad very disrespectful to the colored students and people.
Schools

The example that i will use for schools is The Willis Wagons was when protesting school overcrowding and segregation in black neighborhoods from 1962 to 1966. In December 1961, the Board of Education approved Willis's plan to buy 150 to 200 of the 20 x 36-foot aluminum mobile school units and install them at existing schools and on vacant lots. Besides installing the portable units, officials accommodated swelling ghetto pupil enrollments with double-shift schedules, rented commercial space, and much new school construction. Black parents, neighborhood organizations, and civil rights groups also urged authorities to permit black children to attend white schools with empty seats.
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