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Rhetorical Analysis in Gatsby

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Sally Cirello

on 5 February 2014

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Transcript of Rhetorical Analysis in Gatsby

Rhetorical Analysis Organization Persuasive Appeals Ethos Pathos Logos First, Second, Third Shifts in overall tone or topic Tone Juxtaposition Diction Syntax Matching Content Syntax Language "Slenderly, languidly their hands set lightly on their hips, the two young women preceded us out onto a rosy-colored porch..."
--The Great Gatsby, p. 11
"It was the kind of voice that the ear follows up and down, as if each speech is an arrangement of notes that will never be played again."
--The Great Gatsby, p. 9 Functional v. Rhetorical Sentences:
"This was untrue. I am not even faintly like a rose. She was only extemporizing [making it up], but a stirring warmth flowed from her, as if her heart was trying to come out to you concealed in one of those breathless, thrilling words. Then suddenly she threw her napkin on the table and excused herself and went into the house. Miss Baker and I exchanged a short glance consciously devoid of meaning..."
"Almost before I had grasped her meaning there was the flutter of a dress and the crunch of leather boots, and Tom and Daisy were back at the table."
--Great Gatsby, p. 14 "I was confused and a little disgusted as I drove away."

"The wind had blown off, leaving a loud, bright night, with wings beating in the trees and a persistent organ sound as the full bellows of the earth blew the frogs full of life."

"I decided to call to him. ...But I didn't, for he gave a sudden hint that he was content to be alone--he stretched out his arms toward the dark water in a curious way, and, far as I was from him, I could have sworn that he was trembling. ...When I looked once more for Gatsby, he had vanished, and I was alone again in the unquiet darkness."
--Great Gatsby, p. 20 "This is a valley of ashes--a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills, where ashes take the form of houses... the gray land and the spasms of bleak dust which drift endlessly over it..."
--Great Gatsby, p. 23
...Introducing Myrtle...
"Her face contained no gleam of beauty, but there was an immediately perceptible vitality [liveliness] about her as if the nerves of her body were continually smoldering [burning slowly]."
--Great Gatsby, p. 25 ...At the party at the apartment...
"The bottle of whiskey--a second one--was now in constant demand by all present... It was nine o'clock--almost immediately I looked at my watch and found it was ten... People disappeared, reappeared, made plans to go somewhere, and then lost each other, searched for each other, found each other a few feet away.""
--Great Gatsby, pp. 34-36
...Moments later...
"Making a short deft movement, Tom Buchanan broke her nose with his open hand."
--Great Gatsby, p. 37 Take into account:
Author's purpose
Author's attitude toward subject matter
Connotation of words
Details included or left out:
For example, if author includes a lot of negative evidence and leaves out all positive evidence, we might conclude that the author is biased Consider what the author decides to put first and what to end with.
Some possible methods of organization:
Concrete and specific --> Abstract
Chronological order (time)
Organized by examples
Cause and effect
Argument - organize by reason Works by:
Making the reader feel a sense of what is right or wrong, what is fair
Making the reader trust the speaker/writer
Examples: Works by making the reader feel emotional. Some emotions to consider:
Just remember: there about a billion emotions other than the basics. Think beyond "happy," "sad," etc. Works by:
Including statistics and specific facts
Including expert or professional opinions
Including logical or well thought out arguments
The purpose of logos is generally to convince people who disagree with the argument.
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