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A History of Genocide
Transcript of A History of Genocide
What is Genocide?
Genocide is violent crimes committed against groups with the intent to destroy
In 1944 Raphael Lemkin came up with the word genocide to describe what the Nazi's did to the Jewish people. He took the Greek word genos (meaning race) and the Latin cide (meaning killing) and combined them. Later in 1948 the United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment for the Crime of Genocide adopted the term.
Crusades: any of the military expeditions undertaken by the Christians of Europe for the recovery of the Holy Land from the Muslims
In the first crusade over 37,000 Christian males were sent to the Holy Land and many of them died or didn't come back. With the knights included 150,000 men women and children died. The number of Muslims killed is unknown.
In the second crusade around 500,000 people died. including Muslims, Christians, Jews, women and children.
The third crusade lead to the death of around 50,000.
In the nine total crusades, around one and half million people lost their lives.
In 1519 Hernando Cortés, a rich Spanish explorer, took his small army of about 600 men to South America. There they found the Aztec people, and with their muskets and disease they wiped out all 5 million or so of the Aztecs.
Around 1619 to 1865 the Transatlantic Slave Trade was intact. In the transportation alone, 8 million Africans died on their way to their new homes. The total number of slaves to die was over 20 million.
In 1830 President Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act. This lead to the deadly walk for 20,000 Native Americans on the Trail of Tears. Where from 2,000- 8,000 Native Americans died.
The Nazi's "Final Solution" was their plan to annihilate the Jewish people. The genocide of the Jews had been building up from severe discrimination over the past decade. The plan called them to murder the Jews by gassing, shooting, or other methods.
After June 1941, the Nazi's started mass murdering Jewish communities. In autumn of 1941 Hitler gave the orders to the chief of the S.S. to build killing centers in Poland. Belzec (600,000 jews and over 12,000 gypsies killed), Sobibor (250,000 died in the 18 months it was open), and Treblinka (around 950,000 were murdered).
Holocaust: the systematic mass slaughter of European Jews in Nazi concentration camps during WWII.
At Majdanek 79,000 men women and children died. At Chelmno at least 152,000 Jews and Gypsies were killed.
Auschwitz consisted of three large camps: Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II(Birkenau), Auschwitz III (Monowitz). The first was built in 1940 and was liberated in 1945 by the Soviets. 2,000 people could fit in just one of the four largest gas chambers at the camp. The total number of people to die a Auschwitz is over 1 million. Which 9 out of ten were Jews.
Dachau concentration camp was built in 1933, 40 days after Hilter came to power. At first it only held prisoners of war but then Jews and Gypsies were brought there. By the time the Americans liberated the camp in 1945 32,000 of the 200,000 prisoners died from starvation and disease. The gas chambers had only just been finished when the camp was liberated so they where not used.
The Nazi's had about 20,000 camps that were used for labor, temporary way stations, and extermination camps built for mass murder.
Approximately 2,700,000 Jews died in the camps and around 6 million men, women, and children died during the Holocaust.
Some of the worst genocides
in the 20th and 21st century.
Mao- Ze-Dong (China 1958-61 & 1966-69 Tibet)
Adolf Hitler (Germany 1939-145)
12,000,000 (from concentration camps & civilians killed and 3 million Russian soldiers left for dead.
Leopold II of Belgium (Congo, 1886-1908)
Jozef Stalin (USSR 1932- 39)
Hideki Tojo (Japan 1941-44)
5,000,000 civilians in WWII
Ismail Enver (Turkey 1915-20)
1,200,000 Armenians, 350,000 Greek Pontians, 480,000 Anatolian Greeks, and 500,000 Assyrians.
Pol Pot (Cambodia 1975-79)
Kim Il Sung (North Korea 1948- 94)
Menghistu (Ethiopia 1975-78)
Yakubu Gowon (Biafra 1967-1970)
Leonid Brezhnev (Afghanistan 1979-1982
Jean Kambanda (Rwanda 1994)
Saddam Hussein (Iran 1980-1990 & Kurdistan 1987-88)
Tito (Yugoslavia 1945-1987)
Suharto (Communists 1965-66)
Fumimaro Konoe (Japan 1937-39)
500,000 (Chinese citizens)
Jonas Savimbi (Angola 1975-2002)
Mullah Omar- Taliban (Afghanistan 1986-2001)
Idi Amin (Uganda 1969-1979)
Yahya Khan (Pakistan 1970-71)
Ante Pavelic (Croatia 1941-1945)
Benito Mussolini (Ethiopia 1936, Libya 1934-45, Yugoslavia WWII
Charles Taylor (Liberia 1989-1996)
Foday Sankoh (Sierra Leone 1991-2000)
Suharto (Aceh, East Timor, New Guinea 1975-98)
Ho Chi Min (Vietnam 1953-1956)
Michel Micombero (Burundi 1972)
Slobodan Milosevic (Yugoslavia 1992-1999)
Hassan Turabi (Sudan 1989-1999)
Efrain Rios Montt (Guatemala 1982-83)
Papa Doc Duvalier (Haiti 1957-1971)
Rafeal Trujillo (Dominican Republic 1930-61)
Hissene Habre (Chad 1982-1990)
Chiang Kai-shek (Taiwan 1947)
Vladimir Lenin (USSR 1917-1920)
Francisco Franco (Spain)
Fidel Castro (Cuba 1959-1999)
Lyndon Johnson (Vietnam 1963-1968)
Maximiliano Hernandez Martinez (El Salvador 1932)
Hafez Al-Assad (Syria 1980-2000)
Khomeini (Iran 1979-1989)
Robert Mugabe (Zimbabwe 1982-1987)
Bashir Assad (Syria 2012)
Rafael Videla (Argentina 1976-1983)
Guy Mollet (Algeria 1956-57)
Harold McMillans (Kenya 1952-1956)
Paul Koroma (Sierra Leone 1997)
Osama Bin Laden (Worldwide 1993-2001)
Augusto Pinochet (Chile 1973)
Al Zarqawi (Iraq 2004-2006)
Name of who was running Government,
Place and year where the
and how many died.
Motives for Genocide
1. Eliminate a real or potential threat.
2. Spread terror among the enemies.
3. Acquire economic wealth.
4. Implement a belief or ideology.
Who Commits genocide?
those seeking political supremacy (the state of being supreme)
dominant groups (dominance is rule, control, & authority)
rebels: a person or group who refuses allegiance, to resist, or rises in arms against the government of his or her country.
The Darfur Genocide started in 2003 and is still happening to this day. So far around 400,000 people have died.
Where's Genocide happening today?
The Syrian civil war has already taken 37,000 lives. Which 6,750 where civilians. That was as of November 2012. The number is increasing everyday. Syria is now on the the genocide watch radar.