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Esophogram

Zenkers Diverticulum
by

Larisa Pineda

on 16 November 2012

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Transcript of Esophogram

Patient Information Examination: Esophogram Equipment Technique Case Study Esophagram - 52 yr old female
- ambulatory outpatient
- not pregnant
- not allergic to contrast History - previous Zenkers repair
- persistant retrosternal burning
- difficulty swallowing - C-Arm with table and console
- monitors
- Contrast: Polibar (barium)
- face cloth - no prep is neccessary
- drink chalky barium sulfate mixture to sufficiently coat the walls of the esophagus
- visualizes intrinsic lesions and extrinsic pathology on esophagus
- normal structures indent the esophagus: aortic arch, left main stem bronchus and left atrium
- 80 kV, 250 mAs
- exposure time of 0.1 sec or less for upright
- barium passes slowly through esophagus at end of full inspiration
- barium passes quicker if swallowed at end of moderate inspiration
- respiration delayed a couple seconds after swallowing FT: 8 seconds
DAP: 273.2 micGym2 Zenkers Diverticulum Radiologist Report - level of C6
- focal posterior outpouching fills with contrast
- consistent with Zenker's Diverticula
- no other esophageal abnormalities seen POST EXAM: Drink lots of fluid and water as barium can be constipating - common lesion
- saccular outpouching of esophageal wall
- pulsion/false diverticula; involves only mucosa and submucosa herniating through muscular layer
- occur on posterior wall of upper esophagus (cervical)
- may block esophagus
- small diverticula do not contain food or secretion and are asymptomatic
- if diverticula fill with food or secretion aspiration pneumonia may occur Signs and Symptoms -dysphagia
- regurgitation of undigested food
-coughing after eating
-feeling of food stuck in throat DI Exams - barium studies
- ct shows cricopharyngeal muscle which helps in locating origin of zenkers diverticula at the pharyngoesophageal junction - none unless interferes with swallowing then surgery
- surgery consists of excision of diverticulum and correction of any motility issues. TX: Protection PATIENT:
- II closest to pt
- coning
- last image hold
- pulsed TECHS:
- lead apron/thyroid
- moveable lead shield
Full transcript