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Mayan Calendar

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by

Hunter Denton

on 12 September 2012

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Transcript of Mayan Calendar

The Mayan Calendar Mayan Calendars Mayans used four calendars:
Tzolkin
Haab
Calendar Round
Long Count The Tzolkin Calendar (Sacred Calendar) Consists of: -260 day cycle
-20 day names
-Symbolized by glyphs (images)
-13 tones(numerals) The Tzolkin Calendar was based on a 260 day cycle, it had a day number ranging from 1-13 and one of 20 day names. Both the name and number of the day are added each day. It takes 260 days for a Tzolkin date to repeat because 13 and 20 are not evenly divided.
This calendar was used by religious individuals to schedule events throughout the year. At the beginning of each uinal(20 day period), a shaman would count forward to determine when it would be best for the community to have a religious or ceremonial event. Tzolkin Day Names:
1.Imix 11.Chuchen
2.Ik 12.Eb
3.Akbal 13.Ben
4.Kan 14.Ix
5.Chicchan 15.Men
6.Cimi 16.Cib
7.Manik 17.Caban
8.Lamat 18.Etxnab
9.Muluk 19.Cauac
10.Oc 20.Ahau The Haab Calendar Consists of:
-Uinals(20 day periods)
-18 uinals for 360 days
-Wayeb (one month of 5 days) Based on the cycle of the sun (like our modern day calendar. The Haab was used for economic, accounting, and agricultural activities.
Each date is made up of one of the 20 Haab day numbers (0-19), and a month (uinal) name.
During the making of this calendar, astronomers argued with mathematicians that 360 days weren't long enough; both finally agreed on having 18 uinals and adding 5 "nameless" days called wayeb. The wayeb was considered 1 "month" of 5 days, believed to be very dangerous. Mayans felt that the gods left the earth during these 5 days, so they often performed rituals. Haab Uinals
1.Pop 10.Yax
2.Uo 11.Zac
3.Zip 12.Ceh
4.Zotz 13.Mac
5.Tzec 14.Kankin
6.Xul 15.Muan
7.Yaxkin 16.Pax
8.Mol 17.Kayab
9.Chen 18.Cumku
The Calendar Round Consists of:
-260 Tzolkin days
-360 Haab days
-Haab's wayeb (5 added days) Count Round Calendar is the combination of both Tzolkin Calendar and Haab Calendar.
Was made to record more time than that of the other calendars
Due to the combination of both Tzolkin and Haab calendars, the Calendar Round has 18,890 days (amounts to 52 years)
Was the longest calendar in Mesoamerica before the Long Count The Long Count Calendar Consists of:
-5 Components:
1.Baktun
2.Katun
3.Tun
4.Uinal
5.Kin Created to record up to 5,125.36 years (referred to as the Great Cycle)
Kin, tun, and katun are numbered from 0 to 19.
Uinal are numbered from 0 to 17.
Baktun are numbered from 1 to 13.
The Long Count exhibits the number of days based on the beginning of the Mayan era, the Mayan Epoch (0 day), to the end. Mayans believed that the word was created on year 13.0.0.0.0, the Long Count will reach this date again on either the 21st or 23rd of December, 2012 A.D. Many people believe the date on the end of the calendar to be the end of the world. Original Long Count
The Pyramid of Kukulkan was used as the original calendar.
Located in Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico.
Built in 1050 (the last days of the Mayan empire)
Was made up of: 4 stairways, 91 steps, and 1 platform at the top. (equaled up to 365 steps) The Long Count was also adopted by other Meso-american tribes, such as the Aztecs. Works Cited: www.webexhibits.org/calendars/calendar-mayan.html
history.howstuffworks.com/central-american-history/mayan-calendar.html
www.sacred-texts.com/time/cal/mayacal.html
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