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Transcript of RESPECT
When you think of respect these individuals come to mind
History of Respect
According to the Merriam Webster dictionary respect comes from the Latin
, literally, act of looking back. The 18th century philosopher Immanuel Kant is credited for putting respect at the center of moral theory when he argued that respect was the principle on which all moral judgments are based. Throughout history in different cultures there are various ways of showing respect for certain people, objects, or opinions . The kowtow, kneeling so low that one's head touches the ground, was used in Chinese cultures to show respect to the Emperor of China. In the United States, there are customs and traditions in place when it comes to handling and displaying the American flag. When Americans follow these customs they are showing respect for the flag and their country.
Dillon, Robin S., "Respect", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2014 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.).
Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2014/entries/respect/
Johnson, Robert, "Kant's Moral Philosophy", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2014 Edition),
Edward N. Zalta (ed.). Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2014/entries/kant-moral/
King, K. A., & Vidourek, R. A. (2010). In Search of Respect: A Qualitative Study Exploring Youth Perceptions.
International Journal On School Disaffection
, 7(1), 5-17.
Kowtow. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/323030/kowtow
Langland, S., Lewis-Palmer, T., & Sugai, G. (1998). Teaching Respect in the Classroom: An Instructional Approach.
In Journal of Behavioral Education
(Vol. 8.2, pp. 245-262). New York: Springer Science and Business
Lickona, T. (1992). Educating for Character: How Our Schools Can Teach Respect and Responsibility. New York,
New York: Bantam.
Respect. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/respect
How do we define RESPECT?
In a study performed by King and Vidourek (2010), students were asked to define respect.
"Students primarily defined school-based respect as consisting of four main components: treating others the way that you would like to be treated (The Golden Rule), listening to others when they are talking, honoring others’ property and personal space, and refraining from talking negatively about other students when they are not present (talking behind others’ backs)." (p. 8)
When you hear the word 'Respect' you may think it's an attitude expressed towards another person.
Lickona's (1992) definition is:
"Showing regard for the worth of someone or something. It includes respect for self, respect for the rights and dignity of all persons, and the respect for the environment that sustains all life." (p. 67)
Words and terms associated with RESPECT:
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Where Can You Teach Respect?
Everywhere! It takes a village to raise a child. According to Langland, Lewis-Palmer, and Sugai (1998) the most effective approach is to start out with a behavior matrix. A behavior matrix is a school-wide set of expectations. The expectations are the same whether you are in the classroom or at an assembly. It is imperative for the students as well as the faculty to follow these expectations. With the whole school following the same rules and the same set of social skills there is little wriggle room for error.
When Can You Teach Respect?
It is necessary to teach respect through academic studies, as a lesson on its own, and whenever the situation arises. Here’s a scenario: Melissa has been on the computer for longer than she should be. It is Sean’s turn next and he keeps telling her that her time is up, but Melissa keeps ignoring him. Fed up, Sean walks over to the power outlet and unplugs the computer. Melissa runs up to him and begins slapping and kicking him. Before you can blink, there is a brawl right in the middle of the class. Before disciplinary action can take place have students reenact the scenario while demonstrating respect. Then have students write a journal response. This way students will internalize the positive behavior.
How Can You Teach Respect In The Classroom?
The Cool Tool
“The Cool Tool is a social skills strategy and a lesson plan format designed to teach and encourage prosocial behaviors in schools (Sugai, Geisen, & Fernandez, 1995)”. This tool can be used to teach school-wide rules and acceptable behaviors in any environment. This tool is designed so you teach appropriate behavior and de-emphasize the negative. This is a way to teach social skills in the same way you would teach academics. There are 4 sections to this tool- skill name, teaching examples, student activities, and extensions. In order to teach respect, you must define what the word means. Then you give examples to the students. This is to ensure the students have a clear understanding of what respect means and they can picture it in their head. Next, allow the students to role-play different scenarios where they need to display respect. After the students have completed their activity, the most important part is the extensions. It is important for the teacher at this time to use precorrection. Describe what is expected of the students before the activity begins. Also, the teacher must use reminding language. When Johnny is running to the other side of the class say “Remember class, we must walk when we are inside.” The teacher must also remember to use praise. This will increase the chance of the students showing respect again in the future. (Langland, Lewis-Palmer, and Sugai, 1998, pg 249-250)
Key Tips to Remember
Have students sign a behavior contract.
Practice showing respect by role-playing.
Use positive language when talking to others.
Use reminding language.
Give positve incentives.
Use story telling to teach respect.
Key Figures Associated With Respect
Martin Luther King Jr