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Ancient Greece

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Anagha Rao

on 6 April 2014

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Transcript of Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece- Athens
The physical features of Ancient Greece
How did the geography of Ancient Greece effect the civilisation?
The Roles of Key Groups
Women-
A housewife would shop, clean, wash and take care of the kids. They would also cook the big dinners for the husband and his friends.

If she was a slave she would clean, cook and shop, not much different from a housewife.
In what part of the world was Ancient Greece founded?
Origins and locations
Which modern day countries are now located in that area?
The Roles of Key Groups
Citizens-
The citizens attended and voted in the meetings of the assembly which chose the actions towards the state.

They participated in religious and cultural activities.
The Roles of Key Groups
Nobles-
The nobles ruled Athens. They ruled Athens by their ambassadors the Supreme Court.
Origins and Locations
What time period did this civilisation exist?
Ancient Greece was founded around the Mediterranean Sea. A bit in modern day Turkey, Bulgaria and around the Aegean sea.
The modern day countries that are now located where Ancient Greece used to be located is Greece, and Turkey.
The Roles of Key Groups
The Ancient Greek civilisation existed in the Ancient period. It existed from the Archaic Period of the 8th to 6th centuries BCE
Origins and Locations
How did Ancient Athens originate?
Ancient Athens originated when farmers from Eastern Greece migrated into the center of Greece, due to overpopulation.
The mountainous landscape of Greece made living and growing crops harder and because of this many people became sailors or traders.
Warriors-
A warrior's duty was to protect Athens and build up colonies.They would wear a shield, a well designed armour and have a spear.
The Roles of Key Groups
Farmers-
Farmers would farm the crops. The farmers would usually be men. farming was a difficult job as the soil wasnt easy to work with.
Traders-
A trader would bring stuff from all over Greece into Athens. They would trade their goods with other people and other traders.
Roles of law and Religion in Ancient Greek Society
The main gods and Goddesses
Festivals for the gods
Panathenaia- is a festival for the goddess Athena. For the festival they would specially weave a robe that will be put onto her statue.
Heraia-is a festival for the goddess Hera. It is held in Olympia and unlike the Olympic Games, where only men are allowed to compete, unmarried women are allowed to compete.

Pythian games- is a festival that is held in the honour of Apollo. It is an athletic competition but originally was a musical contest.
Superstitions and Religious Beliefs
Bread-
Bread was said to be a gift from god. It is said to have roots from the bible story, how Jesus fed thousands with just fish and bread.

Bread is never to be thrown away. If it is not eaten it is fed to the animals. If any bread ended up in the garbage it would be considered a sin.
The Evil Eye-
The evil eye would strike at any moment. It was like Karma. It was supposed to strike when you lied or did something wrong and didn't own up to it.
Priests-
Greek Orthodox priests were admired. It was customary, when greeting one, to kiss his hand or the ring on his hand in respect.

But it was a bad omen to see one walking in the street and people would whisper Skorda (garlic) under their breath.
A Famous Myth
Achilles heel
-
(One of the versions of the myth)
Achilles was meant to be a demigod. When he was little a fortune teller said that Achilles was to die young. To prevent Achilles dying young his mother Thetis dipped him in the River Styx, which was supposed to offer powers of invincibility.

But Thetis forgot that she was holding him by the heel and so that part was left unprotected. Achilles died by a small wound in the ankle that was caused by an arrow that Paris shot at him.

This myth shows that everyone is weak in the Achilles heel and that everyone, no matter how strong and fierce, has a weakness.
Who decided the laws that governed the civilisation
Traditions suggest that the laws were given to the Athenian government (Athenian citizens) by Solon and Lycurgus who were two legendary figures, who were leaders for their city-states a long time ago.
Their significant beliefs
Everyday life-
In Ancient Greece daily life was different for women and men.

Men were expected to go out in public and play an active role in their society.

Women, on the other hand, were expected to lead a private life inside their houses as wives and mothers.
Warfare-
Warfare in Ancient Greece was very important and there are several significant leaders of warfare in Athens such as

Pericles
Cleon
Nicias
Alcibiades
Demosthenes
Archidamus II
Brasidas
Lysander
Alcibiades.

They would be armed with a shield, a well built armour and a spear.
Death and funerary customs-
The ancient greeks believed that when someone died their spirit would go out of their body like a puff of smoke or a small breeze.

The dead would then be prepared for a burial according to the time honoured rituals. The relatives of the deceased would conduct the ceremony.
Contacts and conflicts
War- Peloponnesian

The Peloponnesian war was a civil war fought between Athens and Sparta. It was fought to determine which city ruled Peloponnese.

The war was fought in three phases. The first phase was the Archidamian war, the second was the sign of the peace treaty and the third was the Decelean war.
The Expansion of trade-
Trade was a very important aspect in ancient greek society. It was the cause of population movements, upgrades in transport, the amount of varieties in which goods could be bought and the change of culture.

Near Athens was a harbour. Goods would be bought over by a variety of places to the city of Athens.
Contacts and conflicts
Colonisation-
In Ancient Greece the Athenians didn't invade countries and take over, they set up colonisations instead. The colonisations were set up in Egypt and in the south of Europe.

Peace-
Common peace was what the Ancient Greeks called a peace treaty. It was what they used to declare peace between city-states and other countries.
Philosophies and beliefs-
In Ancient Greece there was a very large group of philosophical and spiritual people. Some of the most famous philosophers came from Greece.

Such as..
Socrates, Plato and Aristotle.
They would teach their thoughts and philosophies at meetings in the Times Square in Agora.


The water and mountains made communication very hard and so everyone separated, in beliefs, customs and personality, into city states.
Skills or invention
CROSSBOW
Use in Ancient Greece
The crossbow, in Ancient Greece, was used for hunting and fishing.
Use in Modern day
In rural areas in the world the crossbow is still used for hunting and fishing.
Skills or invention
LIGHTHOUSE
Use in Ancient Greece
The Ancient Greek Lighthouse was used to warn people not to crash into the big cliff when it is dark
Use in Modern day
The lighthouse is still used for what it was used in ancient times, to warn people of the cliff when it is night.
Skill or invention
Alarm clock
Use in Ancient Greece
The alarm clock was used to wake people up in the morning. It had some pebbles which would fall into water when sun shone on a certain dial.
Use in Modern day
In modern day the alarm clock is used to wake people up in the morning too or to remind them to do something at a certain time.
Skill or Invention
STREETS
Use in Ancient Greece
The use in Ancient Greece was to walk on and a place to socialise with people.
Use in Modern day
In the modern day world there are more roads than streets but we still use streets to get around to places.
Skill or Invention
CRANE
Use in Ancient Greece
The crane was used to lift things that were heavier to a higher level. They could move limestone or maybe sacks of sand.
Use in Modern day
The use of the crane these days are to move things from one place to another. But it is still used to put heavier things onto higher levels.
Skill or Invention
Plumbing
Use in Ancient Greece
In Ancient Greece plumbing was used to bring water and other things to different places. In ancient Greece they had fountains baths and toilets.
Use in Modern day
Nowadays plumbing is used to pump water to different aspects of the water world, pools, toilets and bathrooms.
Skills or Invention
SPIRAL STAIRCASE
Use in Ancient Greece
In Ancient Greece they used spiral staircase to make their house look fancy and to walk up and down now.
Use in Modern day
A spiral staircase in modern day world is used to go from one level to another.
Skills or Invention
WHEELBARROW
Use in Ancient Greece
The use of a Wheelbarrow in Ancient Greece was to carry things from one place to another.
Use in Modern Day
These days we use wheelbarrows to carry heavy or large things from one destination to another.
Skill or Invention
CANON
Use in Ancient Greece
The use of a canon in Ancient Greece was used to defend the city states from invaders.
Use in Modern day
A canon isn't really used that often in present day but just 50 years back they were used in war, as a defense barrier for a castle or on a pirate ship.
Skills or Invention
LEVER
Use in Ancient Greece
Use in Modern Day
The use of a lever these days is to lift things and sometimes, because they have movable bases, move from one place to another.
In Ancient Greece a lever was used to lift things that were heavy using a wooden plank and gravity.
Pericles
Pericles was born in 495 BCE and died in 425 BCE. He was a famous Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during the period called the golden age. His family were the Alcmaeonid family.

Pericles turned the Delian league into an Athenian empire. Pericles helped art and literature become something that Athens is very proud of.

Pericles helped develop some of the most famous, still standing, structures around the Acropolis, such as the Parthenon. To sum up Pericles was a very famous and smart man.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Websites
-
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pericles - used on April 1
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greece -
used on March 4
http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/History/ -
used on March 5
http://www.slideshare.net/YISSWalker/ancient-greece-geography-7005155 -
used on March 11
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_did_geography_effect_early_Greek_civilization? -
used on 11 March
http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Culture/ -
used on 24 and march 26
http://www.ancientgreece.com/ - used for most of project
Books-
A Magical Half Hour at the Acropolis, written and illustrated by Katerina Servi -
used on April 1
THANK YOU FOR LISTENING AND WATCHING!
BY ANAGHA RAO
Origins and Locations
Superstitions and Beliefs
Superstitions and Beliefs
Their significant beliefs
Their Significant Beliefs
Conflicts and Contacts
Contacts and conflicts
Conflicts and contacts
Zeus
- Zeus is the superior god and the ruler of humans
Hera
- Hera is the mature god in the family of gods
Athena
- Athena is the goddess of wisdom and art
Hermes
- Hermes is the god of trade
Ares
- Ares is the god of war
Aphrodite
- Aphrodite is the god of love and beauty
Apollo
- Apollo is the god of music
Artemis
- Artemis is the god of the hunt
Demeter
- Demeter is the god of the harvest
Hades
- Hades is the god of the underworld
Poseidon
- Poseidon is the god of the seas

Solon
Lycurgus
Socrates
Skills and Inventions
Festivals for the Gods
Full transcript