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A Brief Background: El Cid
Transcript of A Brief Background: El Cid
El Cid, or specifically El Cantar de Mio Cid in Spanish Literature, is the oldest preserved Castillian epic poem (epopeya) and was based on a true story.
It recounts the heroic deeds of the Cid (Lord or Chief), an exiled member of the nobility who wins back his king's favor by battling the Islamic inhabitants of Spain.
It consists of more than 3,700 verses of usually 14 through 16 syllables, each with a caesura between the hemistiches.
One of the oldest Spanish documents in existence
Only Spanish epic in the Middle Ages that survived and almost intact
Known for it's interweaving drama, irony and realism that incorporates multifaceted portraits of Jews, Christian and Moors
IMPORTANCE IN WORLD LITERATURE
VERSIONS ACROSS THE WORLD
Famous version of Pierre Corneille
The author of the epic poem of El Cid, widely accepted by the literature community, is Per Abbat. Details of his life is scarce and confusing
The name Per Abbat or Pedro Abad was very common at the time making him more difficult to identify
CONTENTIONS AND AFFIRMATIONS
Colin Smith defended in 1983 that Per Abbat was the author of El Cid. But then, a British professor said that he was just a copyist
Francisco Javier Hernandez stated that the Canon of Toledo was the one documented in 1204- 1211
It was only in 1994 that Per Abbat is accepted as the copyist of El Cid and the author was anonymous. He composed it shortly before 1207.
BACKGROUND OF THE AUTHOR
He is known for being a good musician and he composed several motets, preserved in the Escorial.
He was a cantor
His name gained fame from appearing on the explicit preserved written poem Cantar de Mio Cid (1207).
Short pieces of sacred choral music
a person who sings solo verses or passages to which the choir or congregation respond.
The epic took place in Spain somewhere in Castille
This is the place where El Cid serves as knight to King Alfonso
In the land near the small Moorish state of Aragon is where El Cid’s exile happened
This is where he recovers his power by having a Christian –Moorish army
The army he had created is what made him able to able to conquer the city of Valencia
*Most incidents happened in Spain
CITY OF VALENCIA
Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar
A Castillian soldier who fought for his wealth and honor that was taken from him
Count Garcia Odonez
El Cid's only enemy
He made El Cid suffer and lose his wealth and honor
King of Castile
The conqueror on that time.
El Cid served for him.
El Cid gave three demands to him.
SECONDARY CHARACTERS: INFANTES DE CARREON
Relative of Count Garcia Ordonez
They were the ones who tortured El Cid’s daughters.
MORAL OF THE EPIC
The epic is about how someone must do what he can to fight for his honor.
The epic’s lesson is how important it is to FIGHT FOR OUR OWN RIGHTS. This is because the life we have is ours and we must always be responsible for it.
The epic also emphasizes that we should not only never give up in protecting the life we have, but we should also enhance and develop it.
The story begins with the exile of El Cid from Castile, whose enemies had unjustly accused him of stealing money from the King, Alfonso VI of Castile and Leon.
He left his wife Doña Jimena, and his two daughters, Doña Elvira and Doña Sol, in the Monastery of Cardeña and he fled to the Moorish territories
After many battles and his success in conquering Valencia in his King's name, he regained his honor and was reunited again with his family
The infantes of Carrión were put on shame after being scared of a lion roaming in the court and running away from a campaign to fight against the Moors. So, in revenge, after they marry Cid's daughters, they decide to abuse and abandon their wives at the roadside in Corpes, tied to trees.
Once more, El Cid has to gain his honor back, so he asks the court of Toledo for justice.
The King offered to marry Cid's daughters to the two noblemen, Infantes de Carreon and Count Garcia Ordonez. They plot to marry his daughters to take his wealth. Cid, though doubtful, agreed to marry his daughters to the King's nephews
The infantes are defeated in a duel by El Cid's men, and his daughters remarry to the infantes of Navarre and Aragon.