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Gypsy

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Dusty Keolanui

on 20 August 2015

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Transcript of Gypsy

Customs/Traditions/Rituals
related to Pregnancy/Delivery


The husband can only spend a short period of time with wife during pregnancy

Only women take care of expecting mother

Knots untied as birth approaches

A hospital birth will usually include a mother or older woman as an assistant

Father stays outside the birth room for cleanliness reasons

Birth of baby is highly celebrated affair

Infant is regarded as "contaminated"
Dietary, Environmental, and Hygienic Practices/Restrictions during Pregnancy
The healthcare provider should always give a drape or sheet that a Romani woman can use to keep her legs covered while she is lying down.

Because they associate their lower body with shame, Romani women may be too embarrassed to discuss reproduction or sexuality.

You may have difficulty determining the date of a woman's menstrual cycles or pregnancy
Language
Indo-Aryan language spoken by about 5-6 million Roma people

Alphabet was standardized in 1990 at the Fourth World Romani Congress in Serock, Poland.

Romany possesses a grammatical system analogous to that of the modern Indic languages.

Two numbers, two genders, three moods, three cases, three persons, and five tenses

Subject–Verb–Object or Subject–Object–Verb
Emotional and Physical Support
During Pregnancy
Immediate family support

During Childbirth
Romani midwives
Their mom or older woman

During Child Rearing
Immediate and extended family care for family needs postpartum
Woman are expected to support their husband's family and their own children
Primary Healthcare Decision-Maker
References
Honer, D., & Hoppie, P. (2004). The enigma of the Gypsy patient. Rn, 67(8)

Leeson, P. (2013). Gypsy law. Public Choice, 155(3/4), 273-292. Retrieved from: http://proxy.chamberlain.edu:8080/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=heh&AN=87391282&site=eds-live


Parker, G., & McVeigh, C. (2013). Do not cut the grass: expressions of British Gypsy-Traveller identity on cemetery memorials. Mortality, 18(3), 290-312. doi:10.1080/13576275.2013.820178. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=rzh&AN=2012314328&site=ehost-live

Peace-Bringer, A. (2012). California cultures two: Birth, childhood and marriage among the gypsies. Retrieved from http://www.examiner.com/article/california-cultures-two-birth-childhood-and-marriage-among-the-gypsies

Sutherland, A. (2004). Roma of the United States and Europe. In C. Ember and M. Ember (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology: Health and illness in the world's cultures. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. Retrieved from http://proxy.devry.edu/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com.proxy.devry.edu/content/e ntry/sprmedanth/roma_of_the_united_states_and_europe/0

Rochelle, Jessica C., Jessica H., Dusty, Kim, Renee
Beliefs/Values About Life
They are not sufficient without other community members.

Men work in construction, scrap metal dealing, pave roads, and landscaping.

Women stay home and tend to house and children.

Today, they are more sedentary rather than nomadic.

Those who enjoy good health are blessed with good fortune

Those who are ill have lost their good luck

Illness can be caused by actions considered to be contaminating or polluting

Being overweight is perceived as healthy and fortunate

Serious Gypsy diseases are caused by a spirit called "
Mamioro
"

Beliefs/Values about Death
Death is polluting

Funerals are important events for entire community

Cremations are rare; Utilize interments constructed with tile, concrete, underground vaults

Prefer to maintain plots themselves or by other Gypsies.

Multiple plots are bought at one time

Choose plot location close to roads

They do not inscribe deceased persons name on tombstone

Beliefs/Values about
Health/Illness
Beliefs/Values
about Healthcare


See non-gypsies as source of impurity and disease so they consider hospitals to be unclean

Have their own medical personnel (
Drabarni
) who treat illnesses exclusively apart of their own world

Only go to hospitals if they are in serious danger of dying

Hospitals are hostile places for Gypsies

Go to hospitals in large numbers and disregard using rules

Beliefs/Values about Family
Remain abstinent until marriage

Culture revolves around family

Believe you should have many children

Families have to stick together to help take care of each other

Believe everything needs to be clean

Husband is in charge of family
Customs/Traditions/Rituals
related to Newborn Care and Feeding
Bottle feed instead of breastfeeding

If baby is breastfed, is done privately

Often cared for by extended family members

Mother in law usually cares for infant
Customs/Traditions/Rituals related to Postpartum Care
After birth father may pick infant from ground and places red string around its neck

Baptism is a few weeks to few months after birth

Mother and baby are isolated after birth and before baptism (Window and doors are kept closed to keep the spirit of death away)

The name cannot be said until after the baptism

After purification by water, newborn is considered a human being and is called by a name
Dietary, Environmental, and Hygienic Practices/Restrictions during Childbirth
Most Roma go to the hospital to give birth but neglect the important period of prenatal care because they do not want to undergo an internal examination by an obstetrician.

If a Romani midwife delivers the baby, she cleans the umbilical cord with ashes, and an amulet prepared by the
drabarni
is sewn into the baby's clothes for protection.

An important reason that women have chosen hospital births over a romani midwife is to leave all polluting substances from the birth in the hospital and lessen the period of separation and isolation after birth. (This period is now about 9 days instead of the traditional 6 weeks)

Dietary, Environmental, and
Hygienic Practices/Restrictions
Postpartum
In the first 6 weeks, an infant is viewed as highly vulnerable. At birth the baby is tightly swaddled and handled only by the mother.

If the mother nurses, she is told to avoid certain foods considered to produce colic (green vegetables and tomatoes). But many women choose to bottle-feed.

The dangers of infancy are ameliorated when the baby is baptized at about 6 weeks of age. If a baby dies, it is considered
prikaza
(a polluting misfortune) for the parents who must avoid the body of the baby .

Gypsy
Emotional and Physical Support During Pregnancy
Emotional and Physical Support
During Childbirth
Emotional and Physical Support
During Childrearing
Older woman act as midwives attend childbirth.

St. Mary's hand is placed in water to open the womb.

Romani midwife delivers baby.

The matriarch of the family gathers women from her family to make a garment for the baby
Patriarch of the family

Extended family helps raise the child

Women are expected to support their husband's family and their children
Immediate family support
Particularly the matriarch of the family
Prescribes specific diet and makes prediction about baby

Extended families that often live on the same site or same house

Family's patriarch has very little say until after the birth
The oldest male of the family is head

Although women gather to care for pregnant woman because she is viewed as unclean

Husband is limited in time spent with pregnant wife but is still in charge of decisions
Full transcript