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UNESCO World Heritage Sites

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Liz Feng

on 24 June 2014

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Transcript of UNESCO World Heritage Sites

UNESCO World Heritage Sites
(and history)

UNESCO History
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
1945
Goals are to bring education to all boys and girls, build intercultural understanding, pursue scientific cooperation, and protect freedom of expression
Current foci are Africa and Gender Equality
World Heritage
Sites
Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, 1972
Locations which are protected due to cultural and natural heritage. Range from historical sites to national parks.
The Great Wall
The Imperial Palaces of the Qing and Ming Dynasties in Beijing
Wieliczka
Royal Salt Mines
1978
Historic Centre of Krakow
1978
Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork
1997
Historic Centre of Warsaw
1980
Temple of Heaven
Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor
Frontiers of the Roman Empire: Hadrian's Wall
Historic Centre of Rome
1980
"Fighting Poland" Kotwica
symbol used by the Home Army against occupying Germans
can still be seen on old buildings in the city
The Warsaw Mermaid
Represents the Warsaw Coat of Arms Symbol
Legend of the Warsaw Mermaid
Stands in the middle of the market square
King Sigimund's Column
built in 1644
commemorate King Sigimund who moved the capitol to Warsaw
Original statue before WWII
Mined from 13th to late 20th century
hundreds of miles of tunnels; changing mining techniques over the years are visible
there are hundreds of chapels, sculptures, and pieces of art carved into the salt
good luck and health
built at some time in the 13th century by German crusaders in what was then Prussia
significant in that researchers have rediscovered medieval building techniques, architectural art, lifestyles, and conservation practices
Church of Saint Mary and Marketplace
Wawel Castle
built in the eleventh century by King Chrobry
underwent major additions and upgrades by King Ladislas, Casimir, and Jagiello
Legend of Krakow Dragon
Jagiellonian University
established 1364 by King Casimir III
name came from King Jagiello, whose wife Jadwiga helped restore and modernize it in the fifteenth century
famous alumni include Copernicus and Karol Wojtyla
Continuously built from 3rd century B.C. to 17th century A.D.
Defense from nomadic tribes north of the country
Shows the divide between agricultural community and nomadic community
Basically, Monguls
20,000 kilometers long
It's considered authentic because it's located where it was originally built.
The Great Wall
Criteria
Cultural
Represent a masterpiece of human creative genius
Exhibit an important interchange of human values
Bear a unique testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
Outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
Outstanding example of a traditional human settlement which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment
Associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance.
1625 - 1637
Contains many royal artifacts
Nine Dragons Screen
When you first walk in, subjected to pictures in "genuine" ancient clothing.
8 banner system
Han, Manchu, Mongolian influences.
The Forbidden City
Taxila
1980
Archaeological Site of Olympia
1989
Complex of gardens and buildings. 92 ancient buildings. 600 rooms
Hall of Prayer
Largest sacrificial building in the world
Symbolizes the relationship between God's world and the human world.
First part completed in 1420
Last additions were made in 1751
1911 sacrifices were banned by the government
1918 opens as a park
Temple of Heaven
The Archaeoloical Ruins at Mohenjo-Daro
1980
Rohtas Fort
1997
Thatta Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore
1981
Khanpur Cave
Was a cutie
First emperor to unify China
Arranged for his burial long before his accension to the throne
Enthusiasm for this project grew as he conquered other territories
Qin Shi Huang
Saraikala

originally built in 1257, then rebuilt after the Tatar raids in 1397
ornate artwork and Wit Stwosz woodwork inside
The principle architects for the mausoleum were buried inside of it
700,000 workers
Underground city
Terracotta soldiers and horses
Estimated to be the same number as the royal guard
Superstructures
The Mausoleum
Bhir Mound
Sirkap
Sirsukh
Emperor Hadrian (duh) had the first wall built after Rome was unable to conquer the northern part of Britain.
2nd century AD
6 years
Was created before Hadrian's visit
Hadrian's biographer states that the wall was built to defend the Roman people from the barbarians
Speculation
Historical Facts
The Stupa Mound
The Western sector
built on a huge platform of mud brick
Contains ruins of many major structures as well as private homes
The Lower City
Eastern sector
Contains both public and private homes
Also has wells, shops and commercial buildings
The Great Bath
Shahi Mosque
Haveli Man Singh
Masjidi Gate
Represented Akbar's efforts very clearly like the Public and Private Audience Hall (Khana-e-Khas-o-Am)
Two masterpieces from the time of the Mughal civilization
One complex is characterized by monumental structures and the other by extensive water gardens
Khana-e-Khas-o-Am
Shish Mahal
Built by Shah Jahan
One of the most beautiful palaces in the world
Shalamar Gardens
The Forum
The Pantheon
built in 125 AD by Hadrian to replace Agrippa's Pantheon from 80 AD
thought to be a temple
the height of the building is the same as the diameter of the dome (145 Roman feet)
Trajan's and Marcus Aurelius' Columns
Mausoleums of Augustus and Hadrian
Augustus built his in 28 BC after his conquest over Antony. Largest in the Roman world
Hadrian's son Antoninus Pius finished in 139 AD
center of Roman commerce, politics, religious ceremonies, and architectural displays
includes the Arch of Titus, the Temple of Saturn, and the Temple of Vesta
all linked by the Sacra Via, the main road through the Forum.
75 Roman miles long
Multiple legions were involved in its construction
Certain parts of the walls are more narrow than other parts (dem curves)
In the end, Hadrian's Wall was abandoned when Antonius Pius built a wall north of Hadrian's wall.
Hadrian's Wall's stones ended up being used for homes.
The Wall
The Altis
Remains of the Echo Stoa
The stadium of Olympia
The Krypte is the official entrance to it
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