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Transcript of Colombia
Official name: República de Colombia
Area: 1,141,748 sq. km (440,831 sq. mi)
Capital city: Bogotá D.C.
POLITICS IN COLOMBIA
Separation of powers
Two houses of Congress (Senate and House of Representatives)
Only South American country with coasts in two different seas: Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean
Some people say we have three seas...
Counting the Amazonas river
Being a tropical country, Colombia doesn't have seasons. Still, we have a broad range of climates due to different altitudes, from desserts, plains and valleys to mountains and paramos.
San Andrés Island, Caribbean Sea
Bahía Solano, Pacific Ocean
Manaure saltworks, La Guajira desert
Cartagena de Indias
Its antique walled city and fortresses were declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO
"The Heroic City" is the most renowned touristic destination in Colombia
"¡Quien lo vive es quien lo goza!"
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
World's highest coastal mountain range
(18700ft just 26 miles from the sea)
Home of arhuacos, koguis, wiwas and kankuamos, heirs of the millenial Tairona culture
San Basilio de Palenque
First Free Town of The Americas
Founded by Benkos Biohó and his fellow maroons, circa 1600
Isolated from Spanish rule, palenqueros developed their own unique creole language, music and traditions
Recognized by UNESCO as Masterpieces of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity
Guess what? It is also a UNESCO Masterpieces!
San Andrés and Providencia
Marimba, Violin and Currulao
Cali, Salsa World Capital!!
Llanera (from the plains) music is a tradition shared with our neighbors from Venezuela
Its played with harp, cuatro (a small four-strings guitar), rattles and tremendous strong voices. The dance is called joropo
COLOMBIA IN WORLD BIODIVERSITY
2nd in total number of species (54871)
1st in birds (1889 species)
1st in orchids (4010 species)
2nd in plants (27750 species)
2nd in amphibians (763 species)
2nd in freshwater fish (1533 species)
2nd in butterflies (3254 species)
3rd in reptiles (571 species)
COLOMBIA IN WORLD BIODIVERSITY
4th in mammals (479 species)
3rd in palms (262 species)
Beside Spanish, 66 indigenous languages from more than 10 different families, 2 creole languages and Romani are spoken in Colombia and recognized by the government.
87 indigenous tribes, romani people, afrocolombian traditional groups and Sanandresan raizals emcomprise the group of ethnic peoples of Colombia
Gabriel García Márquez
Nobel Prize 1982
Singer and sogwriter
2 Grammy Awards
60 million records sold
Juan Pablo Montoya
World Series 1997 (Marlins), 2010 (Giants)
Indy 500 (2000), Monaco Grand Prix (2003), 7 F1 Grand Prix