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Colombia

Main data, diversity and some features of each region
by

on 4 March 2015

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Transcript of Colombia

COLO
MB
IA

MAIN DATA
Official name: República de Colombia
Area: 1,141,748 sq. km (440,831 sq. mi)
Population: 47,864,925
Capital city: Bogotá D.C.
POLITICS IN COLOMBIA
Presidential system
Separation of powers
Two houses of Congress (Senate and House of Representatives)
Multi-party system
Panama
Venezuela
Ecuador
Peru
Brasil
GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES
Only South American country with coasts in two different seas: Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean
GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES
Some people say we have three seas...
Counting the Amazonas river
Being a tropical country, Colombia doesn't have seasons. Still, we have a broad range of climates due to different altitudes, from desserts, plains and valleys to mountains and paramos.
GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES
San Andrés Island, Caribbean Sea
Bahía Solano, Pacific Ocean
Manaure saltworks, La Guajira desert
Sumapaz paramo
CARIBBEAN REGION
Cartagena de Indias
Its antique walled city and fortresses were declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO

"The Heroic City" is the most renowned touristic destination in Colombia
CARIBBEAN REGION
Barranquilla's Carnival
"¡Quien lo vive es quien lo goza!"
CARIBBEAN REGION
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
World's highest coastal mountain range
(18700ft just 26 miles from the sea)
Home of arhuacos, koguis, wiwas and kankuamos, heirs of the millenial Tairona culture
CARIBBEAN REGION
San Basilio de Palenque
First Free Town of The Americas
Founded by Benkos Biohó and his fellow maroons, circa 1600
Isolated from Spanish rule, palenqueros developed their own unique creole language, music and traditions
Recognized by UNESCO as Masterpieces of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity
Guess what? It is also a UNESCO Masterpieces!
San Andrés and Providencia
Archipelago
PACIFIC REGION
Nuquí, Chocó
PACIFIC REGION
Marimba, Violin and Currulao
PACIFIC REGION
Cali, Salsa World Capital!!
ANDEAN REGION
Colombian Coffee
ANDEAN REGION
Emeralds
and Gold
ANDEAN REGION
San Agustín
Tierradentro
ORINOQUIA REGION
Llanera (from the plains) music is a tradition shared with our neighbors from Venezuela
Its played with harp, cuatro (a small four-strings guitar), rattles and tremendous strong voices. The dance is called joropo
ORINOQUIA REGION
AMAZONIC REGION
COLOMBIA IN WORLD BIODIVERSITY
2nd in total number of species (54871)
1st in birds (1889 species)
1st in orchids (4010 species)
2nd in plants (27750 species)
2nd in amphibians (763 species)
2nd in freshwater fish (1533 species)
2nd in butterflies (3254 species)
3rd in reptiles (571 species)
COLOMBIA IN WORLD BIODIVERSITY
4th in mammals (479 species)
3rd in palms (262 species)
CULTURAL DIVERSITY
Beside Spanish, 66 indigenous languages from more than 10 different families, 2 creole languages and Romani are spoken in Colombia and recognized by the government.
87 indigenous tribes, romani people, afrocolombian traditional groups and Sanandresan raizals emcomprise the group of ethnic peoples of Colombia
FAMOUS COLOMBIANS
Literature
Fine Arts
Entertainment
Gabriel García Márquez
Nobel Prize 1982
Fernando Botero
Shakira
Singer and sogwriter
2 Grammy Awards
60 million records sold
John Leguizamo
Hollywood actor
Sofía Vergara
TV actress
Sports
Édgar Rentería
Juan Pablo Montoya
World Series 1997 (Marlins), 2010 (Giants)
Indy 500 (2000), Monaco Grand Prix (2003), 7 F1 Grand Prix
La Selección
Ricardo Bello
Josefina Cárcamo
2014

Ricardo Bello
Josefina Cárcamo
2014
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