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Strawberry and Chocolate background

The path toward gay rights in Cuba
by

Alana Reid

on 3 December 2013

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Transcript of Strawberry and Chocolate background

The path toward gay rights in Cuba
1959
Triumph of the
Cuban Revolution
Institution of state run work camps for “antisocial” citizens (including gays, Catholics and Jehovah’s Witnesses)
1965-68: UMAPs
Homosexuality is decriminalized, but still stigmatized.
Strawberry and Chocolate is set during this time.
1979
1980: Mariel boatlift crisis
Strawberry and Chocolate Background
(Military Units to
Aid Production)
David moves his Young Communists membership card from one pocket to another in response to Diego's flirtation.
Cubans are allowed to leave for U.S. shores for a 6 month period.

Among the refugees are a disproportionate number of gays, criminals, mentally ill and other "antisocial" individuals.
1990
Cuban writer Senel Paz publishes
“The Wolf, the Forest and the New Man”
The short story inspires Strawberry and Chocolate
beginning of
Castro leadership
Senel Paz
1994
Release of film Strawberry and Chocolate
Gay rights in Cuba today
Out lesbian, daughter of Raul Castro
and
Founder and Director of Cenesex
(National Center for Sexual Education)
Religious freedom in Cuba today
Christian demonstration in 2009
Mariela Castro
Gay pride parade in Havanna
Afrocuban "Palo" ceremony
in 2009
UMAP workers
cutting sugar
cane
The "new man" in socialist Cuba
According to Che Guevera, the new man
Puts the interest of society above that of individual gain
Acts on the basis of morality in all things, including the motivation for work
Is patriotic, nationalistic, anti-imperialist and cooperative
Avoids the consumer culture of capitalism
Is devoted to fulfilling the needs of the economy
Maintains enthusiasm for the revolution
Derives his values from schools and associated pioneer clubs
"The New Man and the Old Man"
School children in "pioneer" uniforms are educated in revolutionary values
Produced in Cuba with State and international funding from
ICAIC (The Cuban Institute of Cinematographic Art and Industry)
TeleMadrid (Spain)
IMCINE (Mexico)
Directors:
Tomás Gutiérrez Alea
and Juan Carlos Tabio
Fresa y chocolate
Fulgencio Batista
Cuban dictator 1952-1959
Full transcript