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Caraga Revolt

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by

Alyssa Mae Lim

on 10 October 2014

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Transcript of Caraga Revolt

District of Caraga
It all started with the arrival of the Spanish at the east coast of Mindanao, and the construction of stone-fortifications or forts in Tandag (city in Surigao).
For the subjugation of the
Moros
in the
southern and western coasts
, the Spaniards recruited
native soldiers
in the Caraga region.

Upon return to the east coast...
The Caragans contacted the
Moros of Cotabato and Jolo
to ask for their help, promising their vassalage and
paying of tributes.
Spaniards at Cotabato
They told their fellowmen at Surigao about the pact made by the Caragans and the Moros.
A new fort commander emerged:
Captain Pedro Bautista
, and decided to place the
Tandag Garrison
on
war-footing
.
The rebels sneaked into
Tago river
at night, and had a
drunken feast for three days
.
Davao, Surigao and Agusan
Caraga Revolt
Recoletos Friars started the evangelization in the Caraga Region.
After seeing that the
Spaniards
were
unsuccessful
in their attempts to
subdue the Muslim rebels
, who were only
few in numbers
, the Caraga natives
lost their respect
for the Spaniards.
An
agreement
was reached, and the Moros would arrive to aid the Caragans with
a strong armada.
In the meantime, the Caragans themselves
began the rebellion
by
killing some Spaniards
, including the
missionaries.
They had interest in
eliminating the fortress
in Tandag by surveying it closely.
The supposed
secret making of boats
all over the island was
not very discreet
because of it's
visible activity
.
The Spanish saw this...

...and
suspicion
was raised.
His
raiding forays
were so
cruel
and
oppressive
that it only added to the
hostility
of the Caragans toward the Spaniards.
In a
surprise attack
, the
captain
,
Fray Jacinto
(chaplain of Tago), and
numerous Spaniards
were
killed
on the
beach of Cateel
on their boats.
A
mock mass
was held with a local Christian woman,
Maria Campan
, who acted the
role of Fray Jacinto
by sprinkling "
holy water
" on the rebels.
The church and convent at Tago was ransacked and burned to the ground.
They wanted to end it all and kill all the Spanish soldiers and priests.
BWAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHA! 3:)
> They
killed
all the
inmates
inside the forts.
> All
missionaries
, who were asleep, were also
killed
.
> The convent of
Tandag and Cabuntog
shared the same fate as
Tago
:
burned to the ground
.
> Sapao
escaped destruction
because a local resident was the
brother-in-law of a rebel leader
.
>
Parasao(Cantilan)
directly
surrendered and joined the rebellion
; only a few Spanish sympathizers hid in the mountains.
>
Any news of a Spaniard's presence
in a place resulted to his/her
demise
.
Caragan hostility:
Excerpt from Fray Lorenzo's Journal
PLOT TWIST!
Mangabon, the leader of the rebels, fell to his knees and kissed the feet of Fray Lorenzo and his companion and asked for forgiveness, promising that he will not kill them. He told them his flimsy motives of blaming everything on other people.
Fray Lorenzo and his companion were freed.
Back to the other Surigao rebels...
They knew that if they did not get support from
Agusan
, their east coast success would end there.
They knew that if the Spaniards would successfully gain
sympathy from Butuan area and Agusan valley
, they would be in between
two enemies
.
Their ally,
Cotabato
, was too far, and their leader would rather let the
Caragans kill themselves first
before letting his men become
open to attacks and expose himself
.
Balintos
, the one who killed
Captain Bautista
, sent messengers to
Butuan and Agusan
to ask for an
alliance
.
River villages near Linao joined the rebellion.
Local leaders in Linao did not want to join the rebellion at the cost of killing their priest.
Butuan's loyalty
to the priests became known to the rebellious villages, and the
rebel leaders
made their own plans to
kill the priests of Butuan
and
force
the
villagers to join
them.
Despite threats, Butuan said they were ready to withstand any stronghold.
The Spanish attack fleets finally arrived at the rebellious districts after some friars escaped to Cebu to report.
Rebels went into hiding as they saw the large fleets. Many died of hunger from their hiding places.
Many rebels
surrendered
to the Spaniards.
The guilty ones were
punished and killed.
Some were made
slaves
.
Most were granted
general amnesty
.
And that is how the Caraga Revolt died. Numbers and lack of alliances caused their defeat.
Thanks for listening! :DD
Cuaresma, Faye
Gabiana, Pryscilla
Lim, Alyssa
Magbutay, Hanika
Killing. Getting Drunk.
More
Killing.
Full transcript