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Darfur Genocide Presentation
Transcript of Darfur Genocide Presentation
People fought over resources that remained
Arab herders persecuted by non-Arab land owners
Lack of investment and development caused poor population to increase
Rebellions formed from corrupt government
Janjaweed were created to subdue rebels General Description of the Janjaweed General purpose is to exterminate non-arab peoples to provide land and resources for Arabs
Janjaweed subdue rebellions against Sudan government through murder, rape, kidnapping, and robbery
Led by SLA faction leader Abdel Mohammed al-Nur, general Musa Hilal, and Sudanese politicians
Officials supply them with horses, camels, vehicles, and AK-47 and G-3 assault rifles Effects of Janjaweed thus far Around three hundred thousand murdered
More than 2 million displaced from homes
Refugee camps becoming plentiful and beginning to overfill at a rapid pace
Large amounts of money being spent by U.S. and other anti-genocide countries to stop Janjaweed
Villages and landscapes demolished through actions of the Janjaweed Comprehensive Peace Agreement America's policy shifts from isolationism to engagement with Sudan
President Bashir co-operates with USA, and peace process begins
Peace Agreement signed between Sudan Government and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army
Sudan liberated from war in January 2005
Agreement developed a power-sharing government and shared the profits of oilfields between north and south
Treaty ignored the conflict in Darfur, which increased problems for the region
2008 United Nations deployment sent for peacekeeping in Darfur Ongoing International Response In 2004, America classifies problems in Darfur as genocide
Sudanese government support of Iraq results in isolation from Western governments
America places Sudan on a list of sponsors of terrorism
Genocide case reported to the International Criminal Court (ICC)
ICC issues arrest warrant for Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity
13 international aid organizations suspend operations, vital to 6 million people Renewed Violence threat The northern and southern regions clash over the control of oil-rich regions
Two main rebel groups attack government targets, airbases, and villages
The government counterattacked and cut off access to land and water resources
The Janjaweed was sent into communities claiming to have links to the rebels
Janjaweed commander, Musa Hilal, appointed high-level government advisor
Fights over land deemed "tribal" and are not investigated by the government Darfur Location darfur Information Houses 6 million people and 100 different tribes
Of these tribes, there are mostly Arabic and African farmers. Located in Eastern Sudan
Positioned near Chad and Central Africa Republic A Genocide Beginning In 1980, African farmers claimed all land and closed traditional routes that Arabic tribes use.
The nomadic tribes then attacked the farmers by trying to force routes open.
More conflicts emerged throughout the years. The government blamed conflicts over sparse resources. The government took no action. Two rebel Groups Formed in 2003 to protest against the government's decisions.
Called the Justice and Equality Movment (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) The Sudan Government Responses In 2003 Sent the Janjaweed and attacked Sudan Villages Global Response Placed on list of terroism by the U.S in 1993
Classified as a genocide in 2004 by the U.N