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AP Human Geography Models and Theories
Transcript of AP Human Geography Models and Theories
Industrial Location Assumes that industries choose
a least-cost location for the development
of new industry. Von Thunen's
Agricultural Model Shows the agricultural land-use Epidemiologic
Transition Model changing patterns of population
age distributions, mortality, fertility,
life expectancy, and causes of death. Core Periphery
Model The idea that as one region expands in economic prosperity, it must engulf regions nearby to keep economic and political success. Domino Theory if one state in a region came under
the influence of communism, then the surrounding
countries would follow in a domino effect Heartland and
Rimland Theories This theory was developed in 1904 by
Halford J MacKinder, arguing that political
power depended on geographical location. Neocolonialism Domination of a small or weak country by a
large or strong one without the assumption
of direct government Thomas Malthus
(Population) Belief human population increases geometrically
while food increases arithmetically which can lead to negative and positive effects. Modernization &
Dependency Theories When a traditional or poor country develop into technological or better countries Sustainable Development When resources aim to meet human needs but are
preserving the environment to benefit generations to
come World Systems Theory The division of labor in core countries
semi-periphery countries and periphery
countries Bid-Rent Theory The closer a property is to the center of the
district, the more desirable it is. Rank Size Rule The rank of a state is proportional
to the population of a state Views on Globalization Some people think it would be a
good thing for cultural interdependence
others say that it would limit the way
things work or it may have no effect at all Agricultural/Cultural
Hearths It's a place where different cultures
are spread all over. Examples would
be like a McDonalds in Japan or like
a certain style, religion, or teaching being used a lot in a country
other than where it originated. Agricultural Revolutions Gradual transformation of the traditional agricultural system that began in Britain in the 18th century. Farming and making new equipment for agriculture was growing popular Housing Styles Language Trees a group of languages related by descent
from a common ancestor. Universalizing Religions,
Ethnic, etc. When a religion tries to appeal to people
globally all around the world. Primary Economic Activities This is where natural resources are being
extracted directly from the earth. Examples would be like farming
mining etc. The boundaries of a country and the shape of the land which it encompasses.
Compact: It is small and easy to manage. Belgium is an example.
Fragmented: Composed of many islands. It is difficult to govern because its so spread out. Indonesia is an example
Elongated: It is a long country. Chile is an example. These are pretty difficult to manage in the northern and southern areas.
Perforated: You can only reach the place by going through a country. Africa or Vatican city are good examples. It can be hard to access if there is hostility between two nations.
Prorupted: An area with a large extension. IT can be hard to communicate with the extension of the place. Thailand is an example.
Primary shapes of countries The way houses look depending on
the culture of the home owner.