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Racism against black people in the 1950's and 60's
Transcript of Racism against black people in the 1950's and 60's
1950's and 1960's Jim Crow (Racial Segregation) - Jim Crow was an executed social system devised by the ruling class. At times of economic crisis the ruling class often use racism to divide working people. It is also used to drive down wages and working conditions providing cheap labor - In the South rights to vote, organize, even to assemble were taken away from blacks. Segregated schools, transport, public toilets etc. condemned blacks to the worst conditions - Blacks in America had to face a degrading, racist social system known as Jim Crow (racial segregation) which were state and local laws in the United States World war two - Taking away the rights of blacks enabled people that owned land who were short on labor to force them to work for extremely low wages before the war - Black ghettos we see today were made from the migration of blacks after the war - 3 million black people registered for the army and the ones that returned came back prepared to fight for change 1954 Supreme Court Ruling - Throughout Africa and Asia there were huge movements for independence, against military and economic domination by Imperialism - This was the reason for the 1954 Supreme Court Ruling that deemed segregation in schools illegal Lynchings - The Southern Democratic Party, made up of white small property owners still followed the Jim crow system and had to exploit blacks to make profit - Lynchings became a part of the Jim Crow system. Many people traveled for miles to see the lynching of a black take place. Discounts were offered at railroads for those traveling to a lynching. Rallies with Democratic Party speakers were held before some lynchings took place and photographs of the events were even taken and sold as souvenirs Montgomery Bus Boycott - December 1955 Rosa Parks, an activist in the National Association for the Advancement of Black people (NAACP), made her stand. They used her case to organize one-day boycott of the buses - The whole black community rallied behind the boycott. Boycott went on from one day to almost a year. Initially the campaign demanded sensitive treatment for blacks on buses, they realized they had to also end segregation on buses. - Violence spiraled and during the campaign at least eight bombings took place. The Ku Klux Klan killed many black people Sit-Ins and Freedom Rides - In the 1960's , younger kids wanted to make a change. They would enter lunch bars and demand to be served and when refused they would sit-in. Police would be called and the youth would be arrested. Many were beaten. Every time a group was arrested another group would come to take their place. - Then came the Freedom Rides where black students would board buses and travel through the Southern states. These actions were taken to force the integration of buses that had already been passed in law. Many of the freedom riders were beaten and brutalized by racist mobs Martin Luther King Jr - To sustain the Jim Crow system lynchings and murders became known. Blacks who registered to vote were assassinated and any blacks that fought for their rights in any way were terrorized