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Russian vs. Mexican Revolutions
Transcript of Russian vs. Mexican Revolutions
Many revolutionaries from both countries, such as Zapata in Mexico and Lenin in Russia, supported ideologies that would improve conditions and more resources for the lower classes How were they similar? How were they different? The Russian Revolution's main ideological influence was communism, in which the government controls all resources and there is no private property
On the other hand, the Mexican Revolution had more roots in socialism, in which the government only controls some resources. Both Revolutions started after disloyalty to an all-powerful political leader (Tsar in Russia and President Diaz in Mexico)
The Russians' disloyalty to the Tsar was influenced by a large number of factors (military loss, peasant oppression, etc.), and permeated multiple facets of society (revolutionaries, peasants, the military).
The Mexican Revolution was started by just one man, however (Francisco Madero), and he called for revolution mainly for political injustices he experienced. Many of the country's other problems were not motivators for his call to revolt.
Tsar Nicholas II abdicated the throne in the midst of widespread disloyalty to the monarchy, allowing revolution to commense without excessive military conflict.
Military force was used, however, to begin the Mexican Revolution by removing President Diaz from office. How were they similar? How were they different? Starting Factors Processes Both revolutions began with an immediate change in government The first replacement government for each revolution (Provisional Govt. for Russia and Francisco Madero for Mexico) were ineffective at implementing reforms. The workers played a crucial role in the start of the Russian Revolution. They were represented by the soviets, and helped support the Bolsheviks' rise to power. The Mexican Revolution was mainly compromised of revolutionaries and soldiers fighting for control. Power changed hands multiple times throughout the Mexican Revolution. Once the Bolsheviks came into power, they for the most part maintained it for the rest of the Russian Revolution. The policies of both revolutions' ideoligies were formally implemented by the governments (communist policies implemented by the Bolsheviks and land redistribution policies implemented by Carranza). Stalin came to power and maintained in throughout the revolution, and he strictly enforced the government's policies. Political chaos ensued throughout the rest of hte Mexican Revolution, and the government's new policies outlined in the Constitution couldnot be fully enforced until close to 1940, when Lazaro Cardenas took power. End Results Russian Revolution Results Mexican Revolution Results Authoritarian government with total control Improved conditions for workers (increased standard of living in Russia and labor laws in Mexico) Elected government in power Religious freedom granted Religion generally restricted (some exceptions for Orthodox) Influence of Christianity reduced Feudal-style society ends, power of the nobles reduced