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Final Frankenstein Unit - English IV
Transcript of Final Frankenstein Unit - English IV
of dead tissue with electricity Paradise Lost Myth of Prometheus Mary Wollstonecraft Scientific Progress Mary Shelley: Early Life - Mary Wollestone Godwin Shelley was born on August 30, 1797 in London, England
Father: William Godwin
- Accomplished political theorist, novelist, and publisher
- Made his living through writing and publishing.
Mother: Mary Wollstonecraft
- Famous Feminist Thinker and Writer
- Most famous work - A Vindication of the Rights of Women (1792).
- Died shortly after childbirth from complications
- Mary Shelley grew up in a strong literary environment and was an avid reader. She immersed herself in books and schooled herself. Love Affair - At age 15 (1812), Mary meets poet Percy Shelly, and they fall in love. One problem - he is already married!
- In 1814, the two run off to France to be together. Mary has two children with Percy during the next two years.
- In 1816, Harriet Shelley (Percy's first wife) is drowned in London. Two weeks later, Percy and Mary are married Friends - The Shelleys were close friends with many of the influential writers of the time
- Their closest friend was Lord Byron, who is partially responsible for Frankenstein. Tragedy - Mary Shelley lived a life full of tragedy.
- Daughter, prematurely born in February 1815 and died a few days later
- William, born in 1816 and dies at age 3 in 1819
- Clara, born in 1817 and dies in 1818 at 6 months
- Percy Florence, born in 1819 and lives to adulthood
- Mary almost dies after a miscarriage in 1822
Husband Percy Shelley dies in 1822 at age 29 when his boat is lost at sea
Friend Lord Byron, Mary's closest friend, dies in 1824 at age 36 The Novel - Frankenstein began as a challenge by Lord Byron...he asked, "Who can write the best ghost story?" Mary has a nightmare about a monster's creation and crafts the complete story at age 19! The death and writings of her mother Her life of tragedy The works she alludes to... Allusion: a reference in writing to a work of art, piece of literature, mythology, or Biblical story or character. Rime of the Ancient Mariner Allusions in Frankenstein Frankenstein ...More Thoughts... Frankenstein is a
"frame narrative" What is a frame narrative? A frame narrative is a story within a story... Who tells that story to Walton... Who tells that story to his sister. Frankenstein is a gothic novel Common Elements of a Gothic Novel Common Elements of a Gothic Novel: 1. An atmosphere of mystery and suspense
2. An ancient prophecy
3. Omens, portents, visions
4. Supernatural or otherwise inexplicable events
5. High, even overwrought emotion
6. The metaphor of gloom and horror Examples: wind, especially blowing
doors grating on rusty hinges
lights in abandoned rooms
characters trapped in a room
ruins of buildings
thunder and lightning Rain, especially blowing
sighs, moans, howls, eerie sounds
gusts of wind blowing out lights
doors suddenly slamming shut
baying of distant dogs/wolves
crazed laughter The Romantics - have faith in senses, feeling, intuition
- have an interest in rural, natural settings
- have an interest in the mysterious, Gothic
- feel the importance of freedom of the individual
- distrust established order, conventions, traditional religion
- believe that Nature has religious significance
- have faith in instinctive goodness of humans
- believe in the concept of the "noble savage"
- have fascination with death, the melancholy, the "dark hero"
- support humanitarian reforms and movements
- have a democratic attitude, insist upon the rights of humans
- use local color and dialects in their writing
- emphasize the natural, including the dark aspects og human nature
- are wary of scientific discoveries and theories such as... "Frankenstein"
Directed by: James Whale
Starring: Boris Karlov
1931 "Mary Shelley's Frankenstein"
Directed by: Kenneth Branagh
Starring: Robert DeNiro
1994 The monster tells a story to Victor... Theme Topics:
1. A scientists responsibility for the consequences of his own actions.
2. Fatal consequences of stepping beyond "natural" human knowledge to create new life (becoming a god)
3. The basic need for human acceptance and relationships
4. The dangerous aspects of obsession (quest for knowledge and fame)
5. Imprisonment (No escape)
8. Natural World (Power of Nature)
9. Isolation Essential Questions - Frankenstein How does one's basic need for human acceptance and relationships affect their decision making and actions? How does an author's use of allusion help exemplify the overall themes within a novel? How can obsession lead to one's ultimate downfall? Is violence or vengeance ever justified? - What spurs people to explore the unknown? Identify some reasons why people devote themselves to a life of exploration. Does such devotion require sacrifice? If so, what do people sacrifice and is it worth it? - In terms of medical exploration (genetic testing, etc), is there forbidden knowledge? How do we determine our duty to develop new cures for disease and navigate our society's ethics? - What do you think influences a person more, nature (genetic make-up) or nurture (the way in which a person is raised)? - Is it harmful to judge by external appearances? Have you ever misjudged a person based on appearance? What did you learn? - What do you think is more important to your generation - appearances or the realities behind them? What about America in general? Are we a society that values outward appearances more than what lies behind them? It's acceptable to examine personal appearances, but let's get past this and think in terms of ecology, politics and industrialization. Framing Quesions - Frankenstein What spurs Walton to explore the Arctic? What has he sacrificed in order to explore? What spurs Victor to explore death and create life? What does he sacrifice in order to satisfy his curiosity? What do you think Shelley's attitude is toward science and discovery? Is her novel a cautionary take about forbidden knowledge or is it a lesson about responsibility to what we create? What responsibility do we have as parents and friends for those who are dependent on us? Are we largely responsible for the Frankenstein's of our society? Discuss which characters judge by outward appearance and which do not. What are the major differences between the two? assignments