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Copy of Literary Genres

This presentation is meant to provide children with the tools to define literary genres

Abby Taylor

on 14 January 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Literary Genres

Literary Genres
All you need to know!
First things First---
Is the book fiction or nonfiction?
Fiction- Books that are made up by the author or books that have characters that never existed in the real world.
Examples of Fiction:
Harry Potter
The Giver
The Hunger Games
What type of fiction or nonfiction is this book?
Identify the traits or clues that tell you what type of genre the book is.
To be Fiction...
Examples of nonfiction:
Autobiography or Biography
Any book that is giving you facts about a person, place, time, or ideal (encyclopedia, dictionary, atlas, textbook, etc.)
Different Types of Fiction
Tall tale
Short Story
Different Types of Nonfiction
World Record Books
Research Article

To help you guys out, I'm going to use movies and books to explain the differences of each genre, so can identify them... You're welcome!
Fable: a story that teaches a lesson, often using animal characters that behave like people
The Tortoise and the Hare

Being overconfident in yourself can lead to mistakes.
Fantasy: a story about characters or a world that is not real or doesn't exist.

Is there such thing as talking Donkey or Ogre?
Folklore: old stories that are usually handed down by word of mouth, so the original author is unkown. Folklore usually relates to culture and customs about particular regions.

Historical Fiction: stories about people and events that happened in the past, but there are made-up parts of the story and often the main character is not real.
On the Banks of Plum Creek orTitanic (the movie)
Drama/Play: a story that is told mostly through dialogue and is meant to be performed on stage

Three Little Cyber Pigs or Romeo & Juliette
Legend: a story that is based on fact but often includes exaggerations about the hero
King Arthur or 300
Myth: an ancient story that explains they mysteries of life or nature often pertaining to the actions of the gods
Greek Mythology like Pandora's Box or Hercules

Realistic Fiction: stories that have characters, events and settings that could exist in real life
Because of Winn-Dixie, Mean Girls, The Fault in Our Stars, The Diary of a Wimpy Kid
Tall tale: a humorous story that tells about impossible events and exaggerates the accomplishments of the hero
The Bunyans, John Henry, Johnny Appleseed
Clues to help you identify a Fable:
1. Is it a short story?
2. Is there a lesson being taught?
3. Are there animals acting like people?
Clues to help you identify a folklore:
1. Does the story have an original author?
2. Are there many different versions of the story?
3. Does the story tell you about a certain group of people?

Clues to help you identify a Historical Fiction book
Is the book based on historical events or person?
Is the main character or point of view coming from a person who is not real?
Clues to help you identify a Drama/Play
Is the story told using Dialogue ?
Is the story meant to be performed in front of an audience?
Is there stage direction in the story (telling the characters what to do, how to look, or where to go)?
Are there scences?
Clues to help you identify a Realistic Fiction story/book
Could the characters exist in the real world?
Is the setting realistic?
Are the events in story possible?
Clues to help you identify a Tall Tale:
1. Is there a hero in the story?
2. Does the hero do impossible and exaggerated acts or feats?
3. Are the feats of the hero surrounded in humor?
Real Quick Nonfiction
Expository nonfiction: gives you information about a topic
Atlas, Weaving a California Tradition, Time for Kids, or National Geographics for Kids
Clues to help you identify a Expository text
1. Is this text telling you about a topic?
2. Is this text telling you how to do something?
3. Is this text a article?
Autobiography vs biography
Both of these are true stories about a real person
Remeber though, when you add "auto" to biography, it means that the author is the same person who the story is about
Biography means someone else is writing about a true story about a real person

Questions to ask to identify an autobiography and biography:
1. Is this a story a about a real person?
2. Is the author of the story the same person who the story is about?
Example of a Biography
Example of a Autobiography
... or not to be Fiction.
Nonfiction- Books that are true and are about real people, places, and events.
Realistic Fiction
Historical fiction
Science Fiction
Other examples of Fables:
Sub genres of folklore include: myths, legends, tall tales, and fairy tales.
Myth: a story usually about Gods or Goddesses explaining religion, life, or human behavior.
Clues to help you identify a Myth:
1. Does it involve a God or Goddess?
2. Does it take place during ancient Greek, Roman, or Egyptian times?
3. Is there a lesson to be learned?
4. Does it explain how something in nature came to be?
Examples: Hercules, Pandora's Box, Icarus and Daedalus, King Midas and the Golden Touch, Orpheus and Eurydice, Prometheus and the Gift of Fire
Legend: A story handed down from the past about a specific persons, usually someone of heroic accomplishments. Legends usually have some basis in historical fact.
Clues to help you identify legends:
1. Does it involve real historical people or real historical events?
2. Does it have a hero?
Fairy Tale- is a type of short story that typically features fantasy characters, such as dwarves, elves, fairies, giants, gnomes, goblins, mermaids, trolls, or witches, and usually magic or enchantments.
Clues to help you identify a fairy tale:
1. Does it begin with "Once upon a time...?
2. Does it end with everyone living "happily ever after?"
Short Story- a story with a fully developed plot and theme, but significantly shorter and less elaborate than a novel.
Clues to help you identify a short story:
1. Is this story shorter than a chapter book?
2. Could I read this story in one sitting?
Mystery- a type of fiction in which a detective (or main character) solves a crime or series of crimes. Mystery writings can be novels or short stories. This genre may also be called detective or crime novels.
Clues to help you identify a mystery:
1. Is there a crime, mystery, or puzzle to be solved?
2. Is the main character set out to solve the mystery?
3. Are there suspects and motives?
4. Is there hidden evidence?
5. Is the story suspenseful and have foreshadowing?
Realistic Fiction- a type of story, although untrue, could actually happen. Some events, people, and places may even be real. It may be possible that, in the future, imagined events could physically happen.
Clues to help you identify realistic fiction:
1. Ask yourself if this a situation that could this really happen?

Historical Fiction- is a literary genre in which the plot takes place in a setting located in the past.
Clues to help you identify historical fiction:
1. Does this story take place during a setting in the past?
2. Does it involve events that actually happened or could have happened in the past?
Science Fiction- fiction based on imagined future scientific or technological advances and major social or environmental changes, frequently portraying space or time travel and life on other planets.
Clues to help you identify science fiction:
1. Is there advanced technology?
2. Does it take place on a spaceship?
3. Is time travel an option?
4. Is the environment altered in any way?
5. Are the people altered?

Drama- a piece of writing that tells a story and is meant to be performed.
Examples of a drama: A Christmas Carol,
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