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Timeline of Abnormal PSY
Transcript of Timeline of Abnormal PSY
Early Greek Thought (Pre B.C.-Early A.D.)
During this period, there was significant progress (not previously recorded) in trying to understand and cure various mental conditions.
Greek philosophers such as Hippocrates, Plato, and Aristotle provided ideas that mental illness occurred within the human mind as opposed to the common thought that it was simply caused by God, magic, and demonology (400 B.C.)
Later Greek physicians Asclepiades and Galen experimented with different methods to make patients relaxed during treatment, while making progress in the study of anatomy.
Middle Ages 500-1500
Persian "prince of physicians" Avicenna recognized different types of disorders such as depression, mania, and epilepsy. He dealt with patients humanely, something that the West was not accustomed to.
First mental hospital recorded in the city of Baghdad in 792
Europe regressed in terms of advancing due to the rise of superstition (belief in demonic possession and witch craft).
Philippe Pinel of France, put his life on the line in testing his approach to treating mental disorders. Instead of treating those affected like criminals, he proposed treating them as people with ailments.
Benjamin Rush "founder of American psychiatry" belived in the practices of Pinel and Tuke, however, in his quest to aid patients he ended up putting them through torture with a "tranquilizing chair".
Ben Franklin's early experiments with electricity
spearheaded efforts to use eletric currents to help
treat depression (melancholia).
20th Century and Beyond
Butcher, J.N., Hooley, J.M., & Mineka, S. (2014). Abnormal Psychology (16th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.
William Tuke, a Quaker from England was inspired by the work of Pinel; Tuke established a mental health facility that treated its patients humanely. It has been in existence for over 200 years.
Ground breaking research established along with technology helped established a better understanding of mental ailments.
Western psychologists and physiologists researched behavior and cognitive approaches, which helped lead to improved treatment approaches.