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Orange elephant ear sponge

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by

Kenny Brennan

on 29 November 2012

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Transcript of Orange elephant ear sponge

Orange Elephant Ear Sponge By: Michael & Kenny Order of Classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Porifera Class: Demospongiae Order: Agelasida Family: Agelasidae Genus: Agelas Species: Agelas Clathrodes The Common Name The common name of this sponge is the orange elephant ear. This is the only name that it's know by, other than it's scientific name; Agelas Clathrodes Habitat Bahamas - Hogsty Reef

Bahamas - Little San Salvador

Bahamas - Plana Cays

Bahamas - San Salvador

Bahamas - Sweetings Cay

United States - Florida Keys THE SPONGE LIVES IN WARM WATER REGIONS AND ARE ABUNDANT ON REEF SLOPES USUALLY BELOW 10 M IN DEPTH Predators The Orange Elephant Ear Sponge has no predators.

The blue headed wrasse and other small predatory fish cannot eat the sponge because it contains secondary metabolites which give it a very bad taste. DEFENSE MECHANISMS Shelby Clarke IT'S USES
Elephant ear sponges are utilized for decorative purposes in saltwater aquariums.

They are also harvested and dried for use by painters and other artisans, who prize them for their texture. HOW BIG DOES IT GROW Agelas Clathrodes can range from 3 t0 4 centimeters to over a 6 feet wide. And from a half inch to an inch thick. Other Facts They filter up to 30,000 times their body volume every day. Feeding Mechanisms Water circulates through the sponge, entering through ostia and leaving through the osculum. Oxygen and food particles (mostly bacteria) are removed from the water as it passes through the sponge, and waste products are carried away. Secondary Metabolites are found on the out layers of the sponge. This protects the sponge from getting eaten because it makes the sponge have a bad taste. Ostia Osculum This sponge could be one of the first to be used for fighting cancer.
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