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The Animal Kingdom

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by

Iain Crummie

on 6 October 2016

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Transcript of The Animal Kingdom

4. Amphibians
The Animal Kingdom
Vertebrates are divided into 5 more groups
2. Birds
3. Reptiles
5. Fish
1.Mammals
The animal kingdom is divided into two main groups
1. vertebrates
2. invertebrates

What do you think is the difference between vertebrates and invertebrates? (Hint: Think about the names of bones we have looked at)
Vertebrates have a backbone (spine)
Invertebrates are animals WITHOUT a backbone
In 2 minutes how many invertebrates can you think of?
Can you think what these
five groups are???
Mammals
Give birth to live young.
Feed their babies with their own milk.
Are more or less covered with hair.
Are warm-blooded.

How many mammals can you think of?
Did you get any of these?

Panda
Gorilla
Giraffe
Whale
Dolphin
Zebra
Cheetah





Did you know that the blue whale is the largest animal that has ever lived, including all the dinosaurs. Some blue whales have been known to grow to 33.5 metres and weigh over 2 tonnes (that`s 20,000kg)!!!!
What features do you think only birds have?
What features are unique to birds?
Birds
Have feathers
Lay eggs
Are warm blooded
Did you know?
The earliest known bird, Archaeopteryx lithographica, lived about 150 million years ago
Did you know
There are nearly 9,900 species of birds alive today
In one minute how many types of birds can you name?
Reptiles
Are cold-blooded.
Lay eggs.
Have a dry skin covered with scales.

How many different reptiles can you name?
Did you get any of these?

Snake
Tortoise
lizard
Crocodile
Alligator
turtles
Quick Quiz!

Can you name all of the main features of mammals, birds and reptiles?

What is the biggest animal that has ever lived?

What type of animal are you?
Amphibians
Are cold-blooded.
Lay eggs.
Have a smooth, moist skin.
Are able to live on land as well as in the water
Which other types of vertebrates lay eggs?
Amphibians are divided into 3 groups
Newts and salamanders
Frogs and toads
Caecilians
This is a Salamander
This is a type of caecilian. They look like worms or snakes but are different because they can live on land or water.
Fish
Are cold-blooded.
Lay eggs (but some do give birth to live young).
Have a moist skin covered in scales.
Breathe through gills.

Which other types of vertebrates have scales?
Quick Quiz

1. What two groups is the animal kingdom split into?
2. What is the difference between these two groups?
3. What are the key features of Amphibians
4. What are the key features of fish?
5. How many species of fish are there?


Reptiles
Did you know?
There are over 30 000 known species of fish
What type of animal am I?
Give reasons for your answer
I am a vertebrate. I am a mammal. My body is warm and furry.
I feed my babies on milk. I give birth to live young.

What type of animal am I?
Give your reasons.
I am an amphibian. My body is moist and smooth.
I lay eggs. I like to live in or near to water.

What type of animal am I?
Give your reasons.
I am an invertebrate. Although I have the word fish in my name I am NOT a fish!
What type of animal am I?
Give your reasons
Although I have wings, I am in fact a mammal. My body is covered in hair, not feathers. I feed my babies on milk. I do not lay eggs.


What type of animal am I?
Give your reasons.
I am a reptile. My body is covered in dry scales. I lay eggs.

True or false. The spine is one long bone?
False The spine is made up of lots of smaller bones called vertebrae.
Having vertebrae is helpful for big animals.
Allows them to have complicated nervous system
Allows better developed brains
Allows better developed senses such as eyes
Invertebrates find it useful to NOT have a spine because:
It allows them greater movement. For example a bee finds it useful to be able to bend more when going into a flower
Some animals such as beetles find it useful to have an
exoskeleton
(A skeleton on the outside). This is like a hard protective shell around the body.
An animal with a skeleton on the inside has an
ENDOSKELETON
. Humans have an endoskeleton.
What is the difference between an endoskeleton and an exoskeleton?
An
EXOSKELETON
is a skeleton on the outside that supports and protects an animal's body. An
ENDOSKELETON
is an internal skeleton (like a human's).

Some animals, such as the tortoise, have both an endoskeleton and an exoskeleton. Many of the larger kinds of exoskeletons are known as "shells".
Full transcript