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Transcript of The Sniper
By: Liam O'Flaherty The Irish Civil War A Plot Graph is the series of events that occur between the introduction and the conclusion. It is the action of the story.
The Irish Civil War (28 June 1922 – 24 May 1923) was a conflict that accompanied the establishment of the Irish Free State as an entity independent from the United Kingdom within the British Empire.
The conflict was waged between two opposing groups of Irish nationalists: the forces of the "Provisional Government" that established the Free State in December 1922, who supported the Anglo-Irish Treaty, and the Republican opposition, for whom the Treaty represented a betrayal of the Irish Republic. The war was won by the Free State forces.
The Civil War may have claimed more lives than the War of Independence against Britain that preceded it, and left Irish society divided and embittered. Today, two of the main political parties in the Republic of Ireland, Fianna Fáil and Fine Gael, are direct descendants of the opposing sides in the War .
Liam O'Flaherty wrote "The Sniper" in limited third-person point of view, in which he presents the thoughts of the sniper but does not present the thoughts of any other character. He wrote "The Sniper" while Ireland was embroiled in sectarian conflict. Point of View Setting
"The Sniper" takes place in Ireland's largest city, Dublin, on the country's east coast on Dublin Bay, an inlet of the Irish Sea. The time is nightfall in June after the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922. The sniper posts himself on a rooftop in central Dublin near the Four Courts building, which houses the high courts of Ireland, and O'Connell Bridge, which spans the River Liffey. The Liffey divides the city into two sections as it runs eastward to Dublin Bay.
Characters The Sniper is a man posted on a roof in Dublin.
- His face was the face of a student.
- Thin Ascetic
- His eyes had the cold gleam of a fanatic, they were deep and thoughtful.
- He drank whiskey and smoked cigarettes.
- He also has the eyes of a man who is used to looking at death.
He evolves by the end of the story because once he shoots his enemy with the rifle he was shocked, he then is curious as to who he has just shot. Through warface he darts accross the street to turn over the body and learns that he has just shot his brother.
Some other characters in the story are:
The Opposing Sniper: Enemy gunman posted on a roof across from the sniper, who turns out to be his brother.
Turret Gunner: Man shot by the sniper, from the van.
Old Woman: Informer who betrays the position of the sniper to the turret gunner.
Theme The theme of the short story “The Sniper,” is that war reduces human beings to mere objects. To further explain it is that they have no names, no faces. That they are just targets and nothing more, to be shot at from a distance. To support this theme Liam O'Flaherty refrains to any of his characters. War knows no boundaries, age, gender, location, time of the day or family ties. The story opens the eyes to hatred and violence which made a brother kill a brother. Violence is no means to an end. Central Literary Device The main literary device in the short story “The Sniper,” is the irony of the two snipers that are fighting on opposing sides. They are on the roof of buildings facing each other. They are both similar; they are both snipers and they both have a good shot. In the end the sniper ends up killing the other sniper. As he comes down from the building he begins to get curious about whom he killed. He goes to see and realizes that he killed his own brother.
Other literary devices in the story are:
ex: Dublin lay envelepoed in darkness but for the dim light of the moon that shone through fleecy clouds, casting pale light as of approaching dawn over the streets and the dark waters of the Liffey.
ex: his right arm was paining him like a thousand devils.
Reenactment of "The Sniper" www.dictionary.com
Do you think that war values any one soldier or person, or what a person may be going through? Or is war just a battlefield and every person is looked at as a target or a hero battling for their country? Discussion
How do you think the Sniper felt after he realized he had killed his own brother? What is a Sniper?
A rifleman who fires from a concealed place, for example a military marksman who fires from cover usually at long ranges at individual enemy soldiers.