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Guide to Disorders of the Skin

Project on different skin diseases.
by

Karrigan Les

on 3 October 2012

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Transcript of Guide to Disorders of the Skin

Do you have... Whiteheads?
Blackheads?
Pimples on large regions of the body? If so,
you
could have... Acne
Vulgaris What is acne vulgaris? Acne vulgaris is a common human skin disease, that starts when oil and dead skin cells clog up your pores. Thus, creating blackheads, whiteheads, and pimples. What does acne
vulgaris look like? What causes acne vulgaris? Too much oil is being produced in the skin
"Sticky skin cells"become trapped in the pore and clog it up Can acne vulgaris be treated, or even cured? There is no cure for acne vulgaris, though it can be treated. Treatments include:over-the-counter products for mild cases, and prescription medicines for more severe cases. Is acne vulgaris contagious? No, not at all. Do you have... Do you have... Do you have... Do you have... Do you have... Do you have... Do you have... Do you have... Do you have... Do you have... Do you have... Hard, red painful lumps?
A lump that has a pocket of pus on the tip?
An area of more than one lump? Intense itching?
A red and bumpy rash?
Burning or painful sensation? Blister-like, reddish rash
Margins of rash are fairly sharp?
A rash that has some pain, and is somewhat itchy? If so,
you
could
have... If so,
you
could
have... If so,
you
could
have... Boils What is a boil? A skin infection that starts in the hir follicle. At first, the skin turns red in the area of the infection, and a tender lump develops. After a few days, the lump starts turning white as pus collects under the skin. What do boils
look like? What causes boils? Problems with the immune system
poor nutrition
Poor hygiene
Ingrown hairs Can boils be treated, or even cured? Yes, boils can be cured. Many home remedies are usually applied, the most effective is adding heat (hot packs). Or putting garlic or onion juices on it. However, you can also use prescription medications. Are boils contagious? Boils themselves are not contagious, but the bacteria that causes them are. Eczema What is eczema? A medical condition in which patches of the skin become rough and inflamed, with itching and bleeding blisters. What does eczema
look like? What causes eczema? Lotions
Sweating
Solvents
An irritation in the skin of any factor Can eczema be
treated, or even be cured? It can be treated by using prescription medications, or a prescribed lotion. Keeping the skin clean and moisturized is also very important. Is eczema contagious? No, it is not. Impetigo What is Impetigo? A common type of skin infection. If you pick or scratch at sores, you may allow the bacteria into your body. Once the bacteria gets into the inner layer of skin, it rapidly grows and multiplies and creates blisters. What does impetigo
look like? What causes impetigo? Bacteria (Streptococcus or Staphylococcus) that enters the
skin and creates an infection. Can impetigo be treated, or even cured? Yes, it is usually cured with antibiotics or prescription medications. Is impetigo contagious? Yes Red blotchy color. The color of the affected skin is very distinctive. The rich, full red color is salmon colored. Sometimes the skin can have a blue tint when the psoriasis is on the legs.
The nails may have small indentations, ridges, or pits in them. The nails can be discolored or separate from the nail bed.
The skin may look red and look like it has tiny little droplets on top. If so,
you
could
have... Psoriasis What is psoriasis? What does psoriasis
look like? What causes psoriasis? Can psoriasis be treated, or even cured? Is psoriasis contagious? Psoriasis is a common disorder. Plaque psoriasis is the most common and is usually characterized by red skin covered with silvery scales and inflammation. Patches are usually found on arms, legs, trunk or scalp, but may be found on any part of the skin, most commonly the elbows. Research indicates that the disease may result from a disorder in the immune system. The immune system makes white blood cells that protect the body from infection. In psoriasis, the T cells (a type of white blood cell) abnormally trigger inflammation in the skin. These T cells also cause skin cells to grow faster than normal and to pile up in raised patches on the outer surface of the skin. Injury to the skin
Sunlight
Streptococcal infeection No There is no perfect cure for psoriasis, but but near complete control of the disease is possible for most people with regular use of Nutrients that can calm the auto-immune reactions to the triggers and decreases the inflammation at the sores. A sensation that can be itching, tingling, burning, constant aching, or a deep, shooting, or "lightning bolt" pain?
A raised rash with red bumps?
If you already had a rash, a sharp pain where the rash was. If so,
you
could
have... Shingles
(Herpes Zoster) What are shingles? A disease caused by reactivation of a previous infection with the herpes zoster virus, that results in a painful localized skin rash, usually with blisters (fluid-filled sacs) on top of reddish skin. What do shingles
look like? What causes shingles? Herpes zoster virus causes shingles. No one knows for sure what causes the chickenpox virus to become reactivated to cause shingles. Some investigators suggest that the following conditions may participate in virus reactivation, since they have been associated with a higher incidence of shingles Stress
Fatigue
Weakened immune system
Cancer Can shingles be treated,
or even cured? There is no cure for shingles, but treatment may shorten the length of illness and prevent complications. Treatment options include: Antiviral medicines to reduce the pain and duration of shingles, and Pain medicines, antidepressants, and topical creams to relieve long-term pain. Is shingles contagious? A person must have already had chickenpox in the past to develop shingles. A person can not get shingles from a person that has it. However, the virus that causes chickenpox and shingles can be spread from a person with active shingles to a person who has never had chickenpox or been vaccinated through direct contact with the rash. The person exposed would develop chickenpox, not shingles. The virus is not spread through sneezing, coughing or casual contact. A person with shingles can spread the disease when the rash is in the blister-phase. Once the rash has developed crusts, the person is no longer contagious. A person is not infectious before blisters appear or if pain persists after the rash is gone Cracking and itchy, moist, white, scaly lesions or sores between the toes.
A dry, scaly form that causes a reddish "moccasin-like" area over the soles of the feet.
Painful blistering lesions, that may be weepy. If so,
you
could
have... If so,
you
could
have... If so,
you
could
have... If so,
you
could
have... If so,
you
could
have... If so,
you
could
have... Athlete's Foot Dermatitis
(Not Eczema) Herpes:
Non-Sexually Transmitted Melanoma Ringworm Urticaria
(Hives) What is Athlete's Foot? A skin eruption that is confined to the foot. It may have many causes and can occur anywhere on the foot, including the sole, toe webs, and back of the foot. What does
athlete's foot
look like? What causes athlete's foot? Contact allergens
Irritants,
Sweat rash
Heat rash
Poorly fitting shoes
Psoriasis
Hypersensitivity reactions
Interdigital bacterial toe web infections
Fungal infections. Can athlete's foot be treated, even cured? Is athlete's foot contagious? It may be contagious from person to person. Yes, athlete's foot can be cured. The most important thing to do is to keep the foot clean and dry. Medicated powders help in doing so. Doctors also recommend wearing thick cotton socks. A red rash on the skin?
Has your skin developed small fluid filled structures that may cause weeping?
A burning or itching sensation on the skin? What is Dermatitis? Dermatitis is inflammation
of the skin. What does dermatitis
look like? What causes dermatitis? Skin had been exposed to an allergen
Dermatitis is not caused by an antibody but is due to a cellular immune response mediated by a type of blood cell (T-lymphocytes) that has surface molecules that enable it to recognize specific small chemical allergens
Hair dyes
The metallic in nickel
Leather tanning agents Can dermatitis be treated, even cured? Dermatitis can be cured. Most of the time you do not need medical treatment. You just need to find out what's irritating your skin. Is dermatitis contagious? No, it is not. Pain on the lips, eyes, or inside of the mouth?
A tingling sensation in any of those places?
Blisters around the lip/mouth area? What is herpes? Small, painful, fluid-filled blisters or sores that appear on the lips, mouth, or nose that are caused by a virus. The sores can be painful and usually last a few days. What do herpes look like? What causes herpes? When Herpes simplex virus (HSV), type I or type II, enters the body and creates an infection. Can herpes be treated, even cured? Is Herpes contagious? Herpes can definitely be treated, by using things like prescription medications, antibiotics, but most of the time it clears up itself. For quite some time herpes has been said to be incurable. However, in recent years doctors have successfully been able to kill the virus, although the topic is still under debate on whether or not it will kill it off in people. Yes. A "beauty mark?"
A birth mark?
A spot on the skin that may ulcerate and bleed occasionally? What is melanoma? Melanomas are cancerous (malignant) tumors involving specialized cells called melanocytes. Melanocytes have the unique ability to produce the pigment melanin and can be found in the skin, mucous membranes, eye, adrenal gland, and brain. Melanomas have a particular tendency to spread to distant sites (metastasize) at an early stage of growth. The effect of this spread is often premature death. The incidence of this type of skin cancer has recently been shown to be rising exponentially, and it is the single most common cause of death from skin disease. What does melanoma
look like? What causes melanoma? It is generally agreed that ultraviolet-light-induced mutations in melanocytes is the single most important environmental factor in the induction of cutaneous melanomas. The fact that melanomas are difficult to produce experimentally as well as their appearance in areas of the body in which no light exposure occurs has fueled some controversy as to cause. On the other hand, there is an interesting correlation between exposure to sunlight as defined by the earth's latitude and the incidence of melanoma. Melanomas tend to occur on sun-exposed skin in lightly pigmented individuals. There are important genetic factors that predispose certain individuals to produce melanomas. Can melanoma be treated, even cured? If found early, the melanoma can be removed and the patient will therefor be cured. However, if it is caught too late, the patient can take prescriptions, but it will not get rid of it, or save them from their fate. Is melanoma contagious? No. Lesions that are found on the trunk, legs, arms, neck, and face?
Red, elevated, rapidly growing, ringlike sore on the skin.?
A sore that contains scales, crust, or fluid-filled areas (Itching and pain may accompany the sore)? What is ringworm? A common fungal infection resulting from dermatophytes, which are microscopic organisms that live on the dead outer layer of skin. The fungus that causes the ring-shaped rash remains outside of your body at all times. There is no actual worm involved. Ringworm can affect anyone at anytime. What does ringworm look like? What causes ringworm? Most ringworm infections result from human dermatophytes, which are transmitted by direct contact with other human ringworm sores. Still, you can also develop ringworm from the soil or through exposure to animals (commonly the household pet). Can ringworm be treated, or even cured? Is ringworm contagious? Yes, it can be cured. f the ringworm is diagnosed in the early stages, then you can use an oral anti-fungal medication or cream for external use from a pharmacist. Fungrx works best to cure ringworm infection. However, if these medications don't cure the ringworm infection, then it is recommended to consult a doctor. He would be in a better position to recommend an anti-fungal medication that has active ingredients. Yes. Large or small areas of the skin with inflamed bumps?
Intense itching on these bumps?
Painfulness towards these bumps? What is urticaria? An allergic skin reaction that comes on suddenly. The hives themselves are slightly raised, smooth, flat-topped bumps called wheals and welts that are usually slightly more reddish in color than the surrounding skin and cause severe itching. Hives look somewhat like mosquito bites. What does urticaria look like? What causes urticaria? Hives and angioedema are reactions of the skin to histamine and other chemicals such as bradykinin, leukotriene C4, and prostaglandin D2. These chemicals act on blood vessels and other tissues to produce the clinical signs of hives and angioedema. This process is often, although not always, due to an allergic reaction. Can urticaria be treated, or even cured? Urticaria can be cured, either medically, or with natural remedies. For example, lowering your stress levels lowers the heightened danger levels of hives (not as severe). Is urticaria contagious? Yes. All information and pictures received from:

http://www.emedicinehealth.com/script/main/hp.asp\ Guide to Disorders of the Skin

Karrigan Les
1st Hour
Full transcript