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Transcript of Language Testing
learners' performances on EFL
2002 Students' proficiency was checked.
14-year-old students Background to study
1. Starting age in foreign lg
2.Intensity of teaching
3.Group size The two educational contexts
lg levels, lg learning traditions
lg teacher education
lgs belong to different lg families The Study (2002)
8th graders (14 y) Instruments
two test booklets
reading and listening comprehension
The topics were familiar
Tasks focused on meaning not form
Texts were authentic from magazines
(except listening-scripted material) Speaking was carried out individually
45 mins - listening, writing
tests were coded, assessed centrally
6 students were randomly chosen for the oral test
external interlocutors were trained Results
????????????????????? Croatia outperformed Hungary in all skill areas.
:( The range of mean scores between the lowest and highest
scoring groups was higher for H. than Cr.
->>> more between-groups variation in H. Average weekly classes
Cr: 3 per week
H.:4 or 5 per week
Smaller groups in H. <-> Cr. 14-22 ss
Starting age-earlier start might be beneficial
H.-stronger negative relationship between students'
starting age and all aspects of their performance->
-> starting earlier seems to be more desirable in
Hun. than in Cr.
Early start is typical in H.-> 50% of
the population starts before grade 4 while in
Cr. not. -->> it does not guarantee higher achievement. the second factor concerns the number
of classes per week.
Cr. got better results in fewer classes.
Due to the streaming in H., learners with better
abilities are placed in groups with more
This also results a strong competition among schools
and huge differences according to the type of schools.
3rd indicator: the number of ss
Cr. has whole classes.
H. has small groups
-->> do not ensure better results Where is the problem???
With the quality of teaching..??! In Hungary...
Teachers apply techniques of the
audio-lingual and grammar-translation method
Major difference between schools, classes
Schools try to respond to parential pressure In Croatia...
the communicative approach and lots of
authentic materials (films) are used
higher proficiency levels of teachers
-->> Cr. has better lg instruction Extra noticies
Cr. has wide range of E. input outside school
like undubbed foreign films and shows on national tv.
Cr. is a tourist-oriented country.
Cr. is significantly better at listening and reading
and the differences were NOT significant in
speaking and writing.