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Transcript of Art
Berber civilization arose
3,500 BCE to 2,500 BCE drastic climate change, migration to concentrated areas which made for rich culture and diversification.
Empire of Ghana became powerful and controlled gold and salt trade across Sahara
Fall of Ghana Empire
Benin strong empire in West
730 and 500 B.C.E-
Kush rose to power (invaded Egypt)
"Iron Age" developing and started spreading
Apollo 11 caves, dated to 21,000 BCE
Visonà, Monica Blackmun. A History of Art in Africa. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2001. Print.
"Black peoples and ancient Greece." Infobase Learning - Login. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 June 2014. <http://www.fofweb.com/NuHistory/default.asp?ItemID=WE49>.
Book, Inc. The World Book encyclopedia. 2006 ed. Chicago: World Book, 2006. Print.
Falola, Toyin. Key events in African history a reference guide. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2002. Print.
Guisepi, R. A. . " Kush And The Eastern Mediterranean The Rise Of Civilization In The Middle East And Africa." . N.p., n.d. Web. 5 June 2014. <http://www.history-world.org/Kush%20and%20the%20eastern%20mediterrane.htm>.
"History of Ghana." History of Ghana. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 June 2014. <http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/history/>.
"The Benin Civilization of the Yoruba - HistoryWiz African Kingdoms." The Benin Civilization of the Yoruba - HistoryWiz African Kingdoms. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 June 2014. <http://www.historywiz.com/benin.html>.
"THE BERBERS OF NORTH AFRICA." THE BERBERS OF NORTH AFRICA. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 June 2014. <http://www.angelfire.com/az/rescon/mgcberbr.html>.
Clary, Killarney. "Untitled." The Antioch Review 58.3 (2000): 329. Web.
"Africa the Mother of Medicine." Africa the Mother of Medicine. Web. 06 June 2014.
Bingham, Jane, Fiona Chandler, and Sam Taplin. The Usborne Internet-linked Encyclopedia of World History: Internet-linked. Tulsa, OK: EDC Pub., 2000. Print.
Kwiecinski, Jakub. "Log in to Use SFCC Library Online Services." Log in to Use SFCC Library Online Services. Web. 06 June 2014.
"RaceandHistory.com : The African Background of Medical Science." RaceandHistory.com : The African Background of Medical Science. Web. 06 June 2014.
Strayer, Robert W. Ways of the World: A Brief Global History. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2009. Print.
Oliver, Roland Anthony. The African Experience. New York, NY: IconEditions, 1992. Print.
"National Geographic: Egypt--Great Pyramid of Khufu at Giza." National Geographic: Egypt--Great Pyramid of Khufu at Giza. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 June 2014. <http://www.nationalgeographic.com/pyramids/khufu.html>.
Tombs in Jebel Sahaba and Wadi Halfa. 13,700 BCE
Laas Geel cave paintings 9,000 BCE
Katie Oliver, Kaelyn Yandt, Daniel Webster, Kyle Poje, Krista Knowlton
2.5 million years ago
made their own tools
flakes and choppers
1.5 million years ago
Secondary Products Revolution
domestication of animals
beginnings of medical study.
use of hieroglyphs to depict interna organs
first traces of disease treatment
spred of iron work through the Bantu
Hieroglyphs: Another writing system used from 4,000 BCE-600 CE
4,000 BCE advanced musical instruments developed.
Inscriptions: Oldest known form of writing. 5,000 BCE - 3,000 BCE
Nok Statuettes: Found in modern day Nigeria, made of terracotta.
Drastic change to North African arts, Romans taking over and changes occuring.
400,000 B.C.E -----> 5000 B.C.E
Bisson, Michael S., and Joseph O. Vogel. Ancient African Metallurgy: The sociocultural Context. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira, 2000. Print
Diamon, Jared. Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. New York: Norton, 1999. Print
Gascoigne, Bamber. "History of Arms And Armour." HistoryWorld, n.d. Web. 04 June 2014
LeBlanc, Steven A., and Katherine E.Register. Constant Battles: THe Myth of the Peaceful, Noble Savage. New York: St. Martins Griffin, 2004. Print
OtterBein, Keith F. How War Began. College Station: Texas A & M University Press, 2004. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost). Web. 2 June 2014.
Baraza, Patrick, Fr. Some Basic Concepts in Primal Religion. N.d.
Mbiti, John Samuel. African Religions and Philosophy. London; Ibadan; Nairobi; Heinemann: n.p., 1975. Print.
-Ancient female skeleton
-3.2 million years old
-Among first Primal people to be discovered
Modern definition: system of faith and worship
Religio – Obligation, bond
Religare – To bind
Main Point: Religion is essentially mans relationship with God.
-Ancient Africa is home for primal ancestors
-Primal people ---> primal religion
Concepts of Primal Religion
Unitive Experience vs compartmentalization
-Ancient Africa: Life is all encompassing, seen as sacred.
-Modern society: fragmented lifestyle, segmented reality
Space vs Place
-Ancient Africa: geographically, place is not distinctive of different areas, but pertains worldwide as sacred.
-Modern Society: place is an identity throughout history, and thus separates and distinuishes people
Kairos vs Chronos
-Ancient Africa: people live more off the sense of "timelessness", in the present, the eternal here and now. No true concept of future.
-Modern Society: life is ordered chronologically,
eternity meaning forever ahead of us (going on and on), seperating importance from here & now.
Religion = way of life
(here and now vs linear timeline)