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John Wesley and Methodism
Transcript of John Wesley and Methodism
- vivid, emotional
- clergymen of Church of England, poet
- mother Susanna
- deep personal religion
- education of the children (strict sometimes)
- many siblings
- little John was saved from the burning house Studies at Oxford - Christ Church College, Oxford
- The Holy Club
- Charles Wesley, George Whitefield and others
- they tried to live a holy life, they were strict
and systematic -> derogatory term "methodists"
- denying food and hardworking led to death
of one member
- no sense of salvation to Wesley Missionary in Georgia John Wesley
& Methodism - Christianity to Native Americans - no success
- he fell in love, but then he considered it unwise and rejected the lady - complications
- met Moravian Brothers - impressed by
their intense, personal Christianity "I felt my heart strangely warmed. I felt that I did trust in Christ, Christ alone for salvation; and an assurance was given me that he had taken my sins, even mine, and saved me from the law of sin and death."
J.Wesley Preaching - Anglican Church began to close its doors to him -> open air preaching
- it was successful, because through this, Christianity was available to poor people or villagers with no church building
- in average Wesley preached 15
sermons per week Beginnings of Methodism - highly organized movement - regular meetings of men and women, annual conference, hierarchy of leaders
- growing quickly
- members encouraged to attend the Anglican
Church - Methodist's practices only additional
- strong belief in salvation, rebirth
- highly emotional (sobbing,
weeping, laughter - common
on sermons) Criticism - strictly autocratic
- exaggerated emphasis on obedience and duty
- education and labor considered better for children than play -> encouraged the concept of child labor
- lack of intellectual features
- unwillingness to cooperate with rich people Thank