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Sign, Sealed, Delivered

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Jordan Haddad

on 1 February 2015

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Transcript of Sign, Sealed, Delivered

What does it mean to be a human person?
The Sacrament of Confirmation
Strengthened to Live the Gospel
Archbishop Aymond
Confirmation Commissions Us...
What's your mission?
Sacrament of Confirmation...
... other things to know.
Signed, Sealed, Delivered
The Sacrament of Confirmation
Individual Rational Substance
St. John Paul II
Most All Philosophers Ever
Inherently Relational (Free Will & Love)
What Else?
Perfected in Virtue
What is a virtue?
Virtue = "Strength"
What are the 7 popular Christian virtues?
Four Cardinal Virtues
These were actually first identified by Plato & Socrates, Greek philosophers who lived approximately 400 years before the birth of Jesus.
Three Theological Virtues
These are both gifts from God and habits that we form and perfect.
They allow us to live in relationship to the One and Triune God.
Love (Charity)
A moral virtue is a
of moral excellence and perfection. The virtues are the dispositions necessary to be fully human and to live the
life, to actually
be good and therefore happy
Aristotle's Theory of Virtue
Describe, in your own opinion, the perfect person.
The Perfect Quarterback
Baptism ________ the spiritual life.
Eucharist ________ the spiritual life.
Confirmation ________ the spiritual life.
Natural Virtues
Supernatural Virtues
"If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. And if I have prophetic powers, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. If I give away all I have, and if I deliver my body to be burned, but have not love, I gain nothing. Love is patient and kind; love is not jealous or boastful; it is not arrogant or rude. Love does not insist on its own way; it is not irritable or resentful; it does not rejoice at wrong, but rejoices in the right. Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. Love never ends; as for prophecies, they will pass away; as for tongues, they will cease; as for knowledge, it will pass away... For now we see in a mirror dimly, but then face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall understand fully, even as I have been fully understood. So faith, hope, love abide, these three; but the greatest of these is love." (1 Corinthians 13)
St. Paul of Tarsus
Confirmation is the "Sacrament of Pentecost." Through confirmation we are confirmed and fortified in our baptismal faith. The Gifts of the Spirit are stirred up and confirmed within us.
Aristotle v. Current Culture
Sacrament of Confirmation
Luke 12:11-12
--- And when they bring you before the synagogues and the rulers and the authorities, do not be anxious how or what you are to answer or what you are to say; for the Holy Spirit will teach you in that very hour what you ought to say.”
John 15:26
But when the Counselor comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father
, even the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will bear witness to me; and you also are witnesses, because you have been with me from the beginning.
Acts of the Apostles 1:6-10
--- So when they had come together, they asked him, “Lord, will you at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?” He said to them, “It is not for you to know times or seasons which the Father has fixed by his own authority.
But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you
; and you shall be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samar′ia and to the end of the earth.” And when he had said this, as they were looking on, he was lifted up, and a cloud took him out of their sight.
Sacrament of Confirmation
Laying on of hands
Anointing with chrism oil
Abundance & Joy
Cleansing & Limbering
Beauty, Health, & Strength
Consecration of Priests & Kings
Anointed with Oil
Exodus 29:1,7-9
-- “Now this is what you shall
do to them to consecrate them, that they may serve
me as
... And you shall
take the anointing oil, and pour it on his head and anoint him
. Then you shall bring his sons, and put coats on them, and you shall gird them with girdles and bind caps on them; and the priesthood shall be theirs by a perpetual statute. Thus you shall ordain Aaron and his sons.
1 Samuel 16:1,11-13
-- "The Lord said to Samuel, “How long will you
grieve over Saul, seeing I have rejected him from being
over Israel?
Fill your horn with oil
, and go; I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have provided for myself a king among his sons.”... And Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and fetch him; for we will not sit down till he comes here.” And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and had beautiful eyes, and was handsome. And the Lord said, “Arise,
anoint him
; for this is he.” Then Samuel took the horn
of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the
Spirit of the Lord came mightily upon David from that
day forward. And Samuel rose up, and went
to Ramah."
The perfection of virtue
Pure love ... knows that only one thing is needed to please God: to do even the smallest things out of great love - love, and always love.
--Divine Mercy in My Soul, St. Faustina
"Whatever is true, whatever is honorable, whatever is just, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is gracious, if there is any excellence, if there is anything worthy of praise, think about these things." St. Paul to the Philippians 4:8)
"Right reason in action."
St. Thomas Aquinas
Prudence is the virtue that disposes practical reason to discern our true good in every circumstance and to choose the right means of achieving it.
"The Charioteer of the Virtues."
Temperance is the moral virtue that moderates the attraction of pleasures and provides balance in the use of created goods.
Temperance ensures the will's mastery over instincts and keeps desires within the limits of what is truly good for the person.
Justice is the moral virtue that consists in the constant and firm will to give God and neighbor their due.
The just man, often mentioned in the Sacred Scriptures, is distinguished by habitual right thinking and the uprightness of his conduct toward his neighbor.
Fortitude is the moral virtue that ensures firmness in difficulties and constancy in the pursuit of the good. It strengthens the resolve to resist temptations and to overcome obstacles in the moral life.
“We all know people who have experienced difficult situations and great suffering. But, think of these men, these women, who lead difficult lives, who struggle to maintain their families, to bring up their children: they do all of this because the spirit of fortitude helps them. … These brothers and sisters of ours are saints, everyday saints, saints who are concealed among us; they have the gift of fortitude that allows them to carry out their duties as persons, as fathers, mothers, brothers, sisters and citizens. … And it is good for us to think about these people: if they do all this, if they can do it, why can’t I? it is good for us to ask the Lord for the gift of fortitude.”
St. Augustine on the Interdependency of the Virtues
"To live well is nothing other than to love God with all one's heart, with all one's soul and with all one's efforts; from this it comes about that love is kept whole and uncorrupted (
through temperance
). No misfortune can disturb it (
and this is fortitude
). It obeys only God (
and this is justice
), and is careful in discerning things, so as not to be surprised by deceit or trickery (
and this is prudence
Faith is the theological virtue by which we believe in God and believe all that he has said and revealed to us... By faith man freely commits his entire self to God. For this reason the believer seeks to know and do God's will.
But "faith apart from works is dead" (Jms 2:26): when it is deprived of hope and love, faith does not fully unite the believer to Christ and does not make him a living member of his Body.
Hope is the theological virtue by which we desire the kingdom of heaven and eternal life as our happiness, placing our trust in Christ's promises and relying not on our own strength, but on the help of the grace of the Holy Spirit.
How can we justify the virtue of hope when an estimated 203,000,000 people were killed in the 20th century through war and violence?
Charity is the theological virtue by which we love God above all things for his own sake, and our neighbor as ourselves for the love of God.
Jesus' new commandment
The practice of all the virtues is animated and inspired by charity, which "binds everything together in perfect harmony"; it is the form of the virtues; it articulates and orders them among themselves;
it is the source and the goal of their Christian practice
. Charity upholds and purifies our human ability to love, and raises it to the supernatural perfection of divine love.
Love looks outward ... It is for others.
Related To But Different Than Baptism
Acts 8:14-17
- Now when the apostles at Jerusalem heard that Samaria had received the word of God, they sent to them Peter and John, who came down and prayed for them that they might receive the Holy Spirit; for it had not yet fallen on any of them,
but they had only been baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus
. Then they laid their hands on them and they received the Holy Spirit.
Acts 19:1-6
- While Apol′los was at Corinth, Paul passed through the upper country and came to Ephesus. There he found some disciples. And he said to them, “Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?” And they said, “No, we have never even heard that there is a Holy Spirit.” And he said, “Into what then were you baptized?” They said, “Into John’s baptism.” And Paul said, “John baptized with the baptism of repentance, telling the people to believe in the one who was to come after him, that is, Jesus.”
On hearing this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Spirit came on them.
West and East
The Sacraments of Baptism and Confirmation occur in the same celebration. One's parish priest will both baptize and confirm the newly formed Christian.
The Sacrament of Confirmation and Baptism are separated from one another. One is often baptized as an infant by one's parish priest and is later confirmed by the bishop.
Unity of Christian initiation.
Unity with bishop and Church.
The Sacrament of Confirmation
Gifts of the Holy Spirit
Fear of the Lord
The moral life of Christians is sustained by the gifts of the Holy Spirit.
These are permanent dispositions which make man docile in following the promptings of the Holy Spirit.
12 Fruits of the Holy Spirit
The fruits of the Spirit are
that the Holy Spirit forms in us as the
first fruits of eternal glory
. The tradition of the Church lists twelve of them:
"charity, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, generosity, gentleness, faithfulness, modesty, self-control, chastity."
Fear of the Lord
"Be sealed with the Gift of the Holy Spirit."
- It roots us more deeply in the divine filiation which makes us cry, "Abba! Father!"
- It unites us more firmly to Christ;
- It increases the gifts of the Holy Spirit in us;
- It renders our bond with the Church more perfect;
- It gives us a special strength of the Holy Spirit to spread and defend the faith by word and action as true witnesses of Christ, to confess the name of Christ boldly, and never to be ashamed of the Cross.
Lay Apostolate
AA #5
- "Christ's redemptive work, while essentially concerned with the salvation of men, includes also the renewal of the whole temporal order.
Hence the mission of the Church is not only to bring the message and grace of Christ to men but also to penetrate and perfect the temporal order with the spirit of the Gospel.
In fulfilling this mission of the Church, the Christian laity exercise their apostolate both in the Church and in the world, in both the spiritual and the temporal orders...
In both orders the layman, being simultaneously a believer and a citizen, should be continuously led by the same Christian conscience."
But How??
AA #6
- There are innumerable opportunities open to the laity for the exercise of their apostolate of evangelization and sanctification. The very
testimony of their Christian life
and good works done in a supernatural spirit have the power to draw men to belief and to God; for the Lord says, "Even so let your light shine before men in order that they may see your good works and give glory to your Father who is in heaven" (Matt. 5:16).
AA #6
- However, an apostolate of this kind does not consist only in the witness of one's way of life; a true apostle looks for opportunities to
announce Christ by words
addressed either to non-believers with a view to leading them to faith, or to the faithful with a view to instructing, strengthening, and encouraging them to a more fervent life. "For the charity of Christ impels us" (2 Cor. 5:14). The words of the Apostle should echo in all hearts, "Woe to me if I do not preach the Gospel" (1 Cor. 9:16).(1)
AA #6
- Since, in our own times, new problems are arising and very serious errors are circulating which tend to undermine the foundations of religion, the moral order, and human society itself, this sacred synod earnestly exhorts laymen-each according to his own gifts of intelligence and learning-to be more diligent in doing what they can to
explain, defend, and properly apply Christian principles to the problems of our era
in accordance with the mind of the Church.
Apostolate of the Laity
What are the three ways that we are called to live out our lay apostolate that are mentioned in AA?
Apostolicam Actuositatem (Apostolic Activity) #3 -
"Incorporated into Christ's Mystical Body through Baptism and strengthened by the power of the Holy Spirit through Confirmation, they are assigned to the apostolate by the Lord Himself. They are consecrated for the royal priesthood and the holy people (cf. 1 Peter 2:4-10) not only that they may offer spiritual sacrifices in everything they do but also that they may witness to Christ throughout the world."
All of the ways in which we make the kingdom of God present in the secular world.
What do you want to be when you grow up?
An Open Letter from Archbishop Aymond
"There is no justification, including economic hardship that will make a direct or indirect relationship with Planned Parenthood or any abortion provider, acceptable...All citizens of the New Orleans area must stand together for a peaceful community, not one with more abortion and more Planned Parenthood."
Confirmand - One who is preparing for confirmation.
A Confirmation sponsor is one who is at least 16 yrs old, has received all 3 Sacraments of Initiation, and lives a life in harmony with role as spiritual guide.
Take time to
At least 6 sections
Make sure it reflects
Consider the people whom you most
Consider what you hope your life will have been when you pass away
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