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The Story of God's People (Part 1)

A Tour Through the Old Testament
by

Caleb Cochran

on 29 October 2012

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Transcript of The Story of God's People (Part 1)

"In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth." Garden of Eden Adam & Eve
in the Garden (About 4,000 B.C.) What was Adam's responsibility in the Garden? (Genesis 2:15) What was the one thing Adam was not supposed
to do? (Genesis 2:16-17) But what ends up
happening in
Genesis 3? Review Questions:
~What is the wages of sin? (Rom. 6:23)
~So what does this mean for Adam & Eve? THE CURSE OF THE SERPENT: Gen. 3:15 - "I (God) will put enmity between you (serpent) and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head, and you shall bruise Him on the heel." Our first glimpse of the
story of Jesus in the Bible What happens to
Adam and Eve after
their sin and the curse? ~Who are Adam and
Eve's first children?

~What happens to them? Who is Adam and
Eve's next son?
(Genesis 5:3) Why is everyone living
to be 900 years old? 4,000 2,000 1 The Global Flood
and Noah's Ark (About
2,350 B.C.) Old Testament Timeline Genesis 6:5-6 - Then the LORD saw that the wickedness of man was great on the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. The LORD was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart. So what does God do? And how long
did it rain? Noah Shem Ham Japeth Gomer Magog Madai Javan Tubal Meshech Tiras Cush Mizraim Put Canaan Elam Asshur Arpachshad Lud Aram So if all people
descended
from Noah and
his sons, why did
different nations
later speak different
languages? Gen. 11:4 - They said, "Come, let us build
ourselves a city, and a tower whose top
will reach into heaven, and let us make for
ourselves a name, otherwise we will be
scattered abroad over the face of the whole
earth." The Challenge: Gen. 11:8-9 - So the LORD scattered them abroad from there
over the face of the whole earth; and they stopped building the city. Therefore its name was called Babel, because there the LORD confused the language of the whole earth; and from there the LORD scattered them abroad over the face of the whole earth. The Results: Concept: What do we mean we say
PATRIARCHAL AGE? "God, after He spoke
to the fathers in the
prophets in many
portions and in many
ways..." (Hebrews 1:1) "In these last days
has spoken to us in
His Son, whom He
appointed heir of all
things, through whom
also He made the
world." (Hebrews 1:2) Abraham (About
2,000 B.C.) God's Promises to
Abram (Abraham) 1) Land Promise (Gen. 12:1)

"Go forth from your country,
And from your relatives
And from your father's house
To the LAND that I will show you." 2) Nation Promise (Gen. 12:2)

"And I will make of you a great NATION, and I will bless you, and make your name great; and so you shall be a blessing." 3) Seed Promise (Gen. 12:3)

"...And in your SEED all the families of the earth will be blessed." Fulfillment of the
Land Promise Which nation was the
fulfillment of the Nation
Promise? Question: What is a nation? Nation - "a large body of people, associated
with a particular territory, that is sufficiently
conscious of its unity to seek or to possess a
government peculiarly its own." What about the
SEED Promise? "Father Abraham had many sons,
and many sons had Father Abraham..." "Now the promises were spoken to Abraham
and to his seed. He does not say, 'And to seeds,'
as referring to many, but rather to one, 'And to
your seed,' that is Christ." (Galatians 3:16) "Therefore, know that it
is those who are of faith
who are sons of Abraham." Galatians 3:7 Question: So who is the fulfillment
of the SEED Promise? Question: And who are the recipients
of the SEED Promise? So how do we get
from Abraham
to Jesus? Questions: Who is
Abraham's
wife? The PROBLEM: What's so strange about
God talking about descendants
Abraham will have? Abraham first tries to
adopt a son (Eleazer
of Damascus) God says Not the child of PROMISE Then what do Abraham
and Sarah agree to try
in order to have a son? And what was that son's name? God says Not the child of PROMISE And who is the child
of the promises? So how does God fix
their problem? What is God trying to
teach us through Abraham
and Sarah's story? "And you brethren,
like Isaac, are children
of promise."

(Galatians 4:28) When Isaac has sons,
what are their names? And even though he
was younger, who ends
up being the child of
the promise? How many sons does
Jacob have? Which one is in
the "seed line
of Christ"? 1) Reuben (by Leah)
2) Simeon (by Leah)
3) Levi (by Leah)
4) Judah (by Leah)
5)Dan (by Bilhah)
6) Naphtali (by Bilhah) 7) Gad (by Zilpah)
8) Asher (by Zilpah)
9) Issachar (by Leah)
10) Zebulun (by Leah)
11) Joseph (by Rachel)
12) Benjamin (by Rachel) Why are the other
brothers jealous
of Joseph? What ends up
happening
to Joseph? How does the rest
of Joseph's family
end up coming
to Egypt? The Exodus (1,445 B.C.) 1,000 Read
Exodus
1:6-12 Question: Of God's 3 promises to
Abraham, which one
is being fulfilled in
Egypt? Question: So what does Pharaoh
try to do to destroy
the Hebrew slaves? Then Pharaoh commanded all
his people, saying, "Every son
who is born you are to cast
into the Nile, and every daughter
you are to keep alive." Exodus 1:22 Question: So how does baby
Moses survive? Question: What made Moses
leave Egypt? "Now it came about in the course of those many days that the king of Egypt died. And the sons of Israel cried out because of their bondage, and they cried out; and their cry for help because of their bondage rose up to God." (Exod. 2:23) "So God saw their groaning; and God
remembered His COVENANT with Abraham,
Isaac, and Jacob. God saw the sons of Israel,
and God took notice of them." (Exod. 2:24-25) What does God want
Moses to do? The Plagues of Egypt Can anyone name
the 10 plagues? #1: Nile
River
Turned
to Blood #2: Frogs! #3: Nats! (Whoops!)

#3: Gnats #5: Livestock Die #6: Boils
on Skin #7: Hail! #4: Flies! #8: Locusts #9: Darkness #10: Death of the
First Born Purpose of the Plagues: "For this time I will send all
My plagues on you and your
servants and your people, so
that you may know that there
is no one like Me in all the earth."
(Exodus 9:14) Question: How long were the children of Israel in slavery in Egypt?
(Gen. 15:13) EX - ODUS (the road) (out) Question: Why would God keep
them that long in Egypt
and not in the Promised
Land of Canaan? Question: What does Pharaoh
eventually do? Question: And what does
God then do? Question: What mountain do the
Israelites go to? Concept: What are some comparisons
between the Exodus and
what God has done for us
through Jesus? 1 Corinthians 10:1-4 (a message to Christians) "For I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that our fathers were all under the cloud and all passed through the sea; and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea; and all ate the same spiritual food; and all drank the same spiritual drink, for they were drinking from a spiritual rock which followed them; and the rock was Christ." The Exodus Story Our Story in Jesus 1) Slavery (to Egypt) 1) Slavery (to sin) 2) Salvation 2) Salvation 4) Law (of Moses) 4) Law (of Christ) 5) Worship (tabernacle
instructions) 5) Worship (in spirit
and in truth) 3) Covenant (by animal
blood) 3) Covenant (by Jesus' blood) "Now Mount Sinai was all in
smoke because the LORD
descended upon it in fire; and
its smoke ascended like the
smoke of a furnace, and the
whole mountain quaked violently." Exodus 19:18 Look it up: What would happen to any
person who touched Mount
Sinai? (see Exodus 19:12) Questions: Does God want to kill His
people?

What is God trying to teach
His people? While Moses is on
Mt. Sinai, he receives
God's Law for His people, beginning
with how many
commandments? Inauguration of the Covenant "Moses took half of the blood (of bulls) and put it in
basins, and the other half of the blood he sprinkled
on the altar. Then he took the BOOK OF THE
COVENANT and read it in the hearing of the people; and they said, 'All that the LORD has spoken we will do; and we will be obedient!' So Moses took the blood and sprinkled it on the people, and said, 'Behold the BLOOD OF THE COVENANT, which the LORD has made with you in accordance with all these words." (Exod. 24:6-8) Questions: What is a covenant? Are we in a covenant
relationship with God? When we talk about the "Old
Testament," "Old Law,"
"Law of Moses," or "Mosaic
Covenant," it begins with this
ceremony of blood that affirms
the covenant. When did the "New Covenant"
(the Christian covenant) begin? (See Hebrews 9:15-18) When does your personal
covenant relationship with
God begin? Moses goes back on Mt. Sinai to be in the presence of God and receive the rest of the Law for 40 days and 40 nights. Question: What do the Israelites do
while Moses is on the mountain? What's the punishment
for the people? Question: Ready to Enter the
Promised Land? How many tribes of Israel
are there? 1) Reuben
2) Simeon
3) Judah
4) Issachar
5) Ephraim
6) Benjamin 7) Zebulun
8) Manasseh
9) Dan
10) Asher
11) Naphtali
12) Gad (from Joseph) (from Joseph) (What's special about this tribe?) Which tribe do you not see here? Tribes with a land
inheritance God tells Moses to
choose one spy from
each of the 12 tribes
to spy out the land. From the Wilderness of
Paran (just outside of
Canaan) Numbers 13:17-20 "When Moses sent them out to spy out the land of Canaan, he said to them, 'Go up there into the Negev; then go up into the hill country. See what the land is like, and whether the people who live in it are strong or weak, whether they are few or many. How is the land in which they live, is it good or bad? And how are the cities in which they live, are like open camps or with fortifications? How is the land, is it fat or lean? Are there trees in it or not? Make an effort then to get some of the fruit of the land.' " And what report do most of the
spies bring back? Who are the 2 spies who
have confidence that Israel
can take the land by God's
power? But who do the people believe? "As I live, " says the LORD, "just as you have spoken in my hearing, so I will do to you; your corpses will fall in this wilderness, even all your numbered men, according to your number from twenty years old and upward, who have grumbled against Me. Surely you shall not come into the land in which I swore to settle you, except Caleb the son of Jephunneh and Joshua the son of Nun. Your children, however, whom you said would become a prey - I will bring them in, and they will know the land which you have rejected." The PUNISHMENT: Numbers 14:28-31 "But as for you, your corpses will fall in this wilderness. Your sons shall be shepherds for forty years in the wilderness, and they will suffer for your unfaithfulness, until your corpses lie in the wilderness. According to the number of days which you spied out the land, forty days, for every day you shall bear your guilt a year, even forty years, and you will know My opposition." The PUNISHMENT: Numbers 14:32-34 How are we sometimes guilty
of the same mistake that Israel
made here? Application: The Wilderness
Wandering We all could trace our heritage back to one of Noah's sons The Tabernacle "Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting because the cloud had settled on it, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. Throughout all their journeys whenever the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the sons of Israel would set out; but if the cloud was not taken up, then they did not set out until when it was taken up. For throughout all their journeys, the cloud of the LORD was on the tabernacle by day, and their was fire in it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel." Exodus 40:34-38 Glory of the LORD
as...Cloud by Day ...And fire
by night Question: What did the Israelites eat? Manna: "What is it?" Complaining About: WATER
FOOD
MOSES' LEADERSHIP (Exod. 15; Num. 20) (Num. 12, 16, 21) (Exod. 16, Num. 11, 21) Application: Read 1 Corinthians 10:1-14 The Entire
Land was
to be a
Sanctuary Why was Moses not
allowed into the
Promised Land? (See Num. 20:12) And who takes over
as leader whenever
Moses dies? (See Numbers
27:22-23) The Conquest
of Canaan 7 Canaanite Nations : 1) Hittites
2) Girgashites
3) Amorites
4) Canaanites
5) Perizzites
6) Hivites
7) Jebusites (The "Ites") Asherah Baal Read
Deuteronomy 7:1-6 "The graven images of their gods you are to burn with fire;
you shall not covet the silver or the gold that is on them, nor take it for yourselves, or you will be snared by it, for it is an abomination to the LORD your God. You shall not bring an abomination into your house, and LIKE IT COME UNDER THE BAN; you shall utterly detest it and utterly abhor it, for it is something banned." Deuteronomy 7:25-26 So what was so evil
about the Canaanites? Question: Idol Worship Temple Prostitution Homosexuality Witchcraft Spiritism Child Sacrifice What would happen if the
Israelites intermarried with
the Canaanites? What would happen if they
left some of the Canaanites
alive? Questions: Application: What happens when we
don't get all the evil out of
our lives and leave some of
it living within us? Can my life be a true sanctuary
for God when I leave evil alive? "Lord, prepare me
to be a sanctuary..." So this is why the conquest of Canaan
matters to us too...It's the same conquest
we make by God's Power... Conquest of My Heart,
Mind, Strength, and Soul From God's Charge
to Joshua: "Be STRONG and very COURAGEOUS; be careful to do according to all the law which Moses My Servant commanded
you; do not turn from it to the right or to the left, so that you may have success wherever you go." ~ Joshua 1:5 When Joshua sends spies
to Jericho, who gives them
shelter? (See Joshua 2) In order to cross the Jordan
River, what does God do? (See Joshua 3) What's the "battle strategy"
for conquering Jericho? (See Joshua 6) What is God trying to teach Israel
and us through this "strategy"? Division of
the Promised
Land Do the Israelites finish
the job in destroying the
Canaanites completely? "Now as for the Jebusites, the inhabitants
of Jerusalem, the sons of Judah could not
drive them out; so the Jebusites live with the
sons of Judah at Jerusalem until this day." The Failures: ~ Joshua 15:63 "It came about when the sons
of Israel became strong, they put
the Canaanites to forced labor, but
they did not drive them out completely." ~ Joshua 17:13 The Failures: The Conquest
Begins (1,404 B.C.) The CHOICE (Joshua 24:15) "If it is diagreeable in your sight to serve the LORD,
choose for yourselves today whom you will serve: whether the gods which your fathers served which were beyond the River, or the gods of the Amorites in whose land you are living; but as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD." ~ Joshua The Time of
the Judges A Judge? Biblical Judge - "ruler and
military leader, as well as
someone who presides
over legal hearings." The Cycle of Sin in the Book of Judges 1. Shamgar (3:31)
2. Tola (10:1-2)
3. Jair (10:3-5)
4. Ibzan (12:8-10)
5. Elon (12:11-12)
6. Abdon (12:13-15) Minor Judges
(Only mentioned briefly) Major Judges 1) Othniel
2) Ehud
3) Deborah
4) Gideon 5) Jephthah
6) Samson
7) Eli
8) Samuel One Example of the Cycle: "The sons of Israel lived among the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; and they took their daughters for themselves as wives, and gave their own daughters to their sons, and served their gods. The sons of Israel did what was evil in the sight of the LORD their God and served the Baals and the Asheroth." (Judges 3:5-7) Othniel "Then the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel,
so that He sold them into the hands of Cushan-rishathaim
king of Mesopotamia; and the sons of Israel served
Cushan-rishathaim eight years." (Judges 3:8) "When the sons of Israel cried to the LORD..." (Judges 3:9) "...The LORD raised up a deliverer for the sons of Israel to deliver them, Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother. The Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he judged Israel. When he went out to war, the LORD
gave Cushan-rishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand, so that he prevailed over Cushan-rishathaim. Then the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died." (Judges 3:9-11) Application: Application: Have you seen this cycle
at times in your life? Application: So how do we break the cycle? Theme of the Book: "In those days there was no king of Israel;
everyone did what was right in his own eyes."

(Judges 17:6; 21:25) Question: Who was supposed to be Israel's king? Questions: What happens when we each
do what's right in our own eyes? Do you see what's right to you
the same way I see what's right
to me? The Bright Spot of
the Period of the Judges The Story of Ruth, Boaz, and Naomi (found in the book of Ruth) The last judge is Samuel
(who is also a prophet)
and annoints the first king
of Israel The United Kingdom United Kingdom
Begins (1,043 B.C.) First...a look back "When you enter the land which the LORD your God gives
you, and you possess it and live in it, and you say, 'I will set
a king over me like all the nations who are around me,' you shall surely set a king over you whom the LORD your God chooses, one from among your countrymen you shall set as king over yourselves; you may not put a foreigner over yourselves, who is not your countryman." Deuteronomy 17:14-15 "Moreover, he shall not multiply horses for himself, nor shall he cause the people to return to Egypt to multiply horses, since the LORD has said to you, 'You shall never again return that way.' He shall not multiply wives for himself, or else his heart will turn away; nor shall he greatly increase silver and gold for himself." Deuteronomy 17:16-17 "Now it shall come about when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, he shall write for himself a copy of this law on a scroll in the presence of the Levitical priests. It shall be with him and he shall read it all the days of his life, that he may learn to fear the LORD his God, by carefully observing all the words of this law and these statutes, that his heart may not be lifted up above his countrymen and that he may not aside from the commandment, to the right or the left, so that he and his sons may continue long in his kingdom in the midst of Israel." Deuteronomy 17:18-20 The time of Samuel as prophet and judge... But Israel has grown tired of their judges "You have grown old, and your
sons do not walk in your ways.
Now appoint a king for us to judge
us like the nations." (From 1 Sam. 8:5) Questions: What's the problem with wanting to be "like the nations"? How are we guilty of the same thing sometimes? Samuel warns them what will happen if
they appoint a king, but they still want one.
So God says ok and will let them learn their lesson from their own mistakes. Question: So who does God choose for Samuel to annoint
as the first King of Israel? (See 1 Samuel 9) The Kings of the U.K. are easy to remember: 1) Saul 2) David 3) Solomon (reigns 40 years) (reigns 40 years) (reigns 40 years) Saul makes 3 big mistakes,
disobeying God (You can read about them in 1 Samuel 13-15...each
chapter contains one of them) "Samuel said to Saul, 'You have acted foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you, for now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. But now your kingdom shall not endure. The LORD has sought out for Himself a man after his own heart, and the LORD has appointed him as ruler over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you.'" 1 Samuel 13:13-14 Question: And who is this man after God's own heart? Question: To what city does Samuel go to find Jesse
and his sons (and to eventually anoint David)? (See 1 Sam. 16) Question: How do David and Saul first meet? How does Saul
feel about David at first? Messiah - "annointed one" Question: How does David gain fame and prove he's more than just
a musician and armor bearer? How does Saul begin to feel about David? Why? David spends years of his life on the run from Saul... Question: What eventually happens to Saul? (See 1 Sam. 31) David makes Jerusalem the
capital city and expands the
kingdom. God's Promise to David:
(2 Samuel 7:16) "Your house and your kingdom shall endure before Me
forever; your throne shall be established forever." Who is this speaking of? Messianic Prophecy - "prophecy about the coming Messiah" Everything seems to be going well for David until...what? Question: Which of David's sons leads a rebellion
against him and tries to take over the kingdom? (See 2 Sam. 13-18) Question: When David dies, which son takes over as king? Questions: What is Solomon known for? What books of the Bible did he write? From Tabernacle to Temple Questions: What's the difference between the 2? Why can they now build a temple? What ends up happening to Solomon
later in life? (Read 2 Sam. 11:1-13) The Divided Kingdom The Kingdom
Divides (931 B.C.) "Your father made our yoke hard;
now therefore lighten the hard service of
your father and the heavy yoke which
he put on us, and we will serve you." (From 1 Kings 12:4) When Solomon dies, his son Rehoboam
becomes king After listening to his younger advisors,
Reheboam says to the people... "My little finger is thicker than my father's loins! Whereas my father loaded you with a heavy yoke I will add to your yoke; my father disciplined you with whips, but I will discipline you with scorpions." (From 1 Kings 11:10-11) But the people rebel against the king... And the kingdom divides into 2 kingdoms "Israel" in the North
(made up of 10 tribes) "Judah" in the South
(made up of 2 tribes) The first king of the Northern Kingdom is Jeroboam. He sets up golden calves in 2 other cities to try to draw people away from true worship in Jerusalem. Does this sound familiar? Questions: Are there any kings in Israel (the Northern Kingdom) who are faithful to God? Are there any kings in Judah (the Southern Kingdom) who are faithful to God? The Exile What does "exile" mean? It's kind of like a
REALLY long
and MUCH worse
time out The Northern Kingdom (Israel)
is taken into captivity by... The Assyrians And the Southern Kingdom (Judah)
is taken into captivity by... The Babylonians Why Did this Happen? Read 2 Kings 17:7-18 Question: So what ultimately happens to
the 10 northern tribes? Assyrian
Captivity (722 B.C.) 3 Sieges of Jerusalem
and Deportations: 1) 605 B.C. (Daniel taken) Babylonian (Chaldean) Empire 2) 597 B.C. (Ezekiel taken) 3) 586 B.C. (Jerusalem destroyed) Question: Who are Daniel's 3 friends that we
know...and what is their story? Who is the King of Babylon
who conquers Judah? (see Daniel 1:1) Babylon destroys Jerusalem (586 B.C.) Babylon falls
to Persia (539 B.C.) Nebuchadnezzar's Dream
and Daniel's Interpretation "In the days of those kings the God of heaven will
set up a kingdom which will never be destroyed, and
that kingdom will not be left for another kingdom; it
will crush and put an end to all these kingdoms, but it
itself will endure forever." (Daniel 2:44) Under the Persian
rule of the Jewish exiles, the stories of "Daniel
in the Lion's Den" and
Queen Esther take place The Book of Lamentations is written
by the prophet Jeremiah about
Babylon destroying Jerusalem The Return to the
Promised Land The Persian kings
start letting the Jews
in exile go back to
Canaan... in 3 major "Returns" 1st Return:
536 B.C. Zerrubbabel Date: Persian kings: Cyrus and Darius Led by: Purpose: To rebuild the Temple Where to read about it: Ezra 1-6 2nd Return: Date: Persian king: Led by: Purpose: Where to read about it: 455 B.C. Artaxerxes Ezra To restore the Law of Moses Ezra 7-10 3rd Return: Date: Persian king: Led by: Purpose: Where to read about it: 444 B.C. Artaxerxes Nehemiah To rebuild the walls around Jerusalem The Book of Nehemiah 3 Books of the Prophets
also take place after the
Return to Canaan Haggai Zechariah Malachi The Last Words of the Old Testament: 'Behold, I am sending you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and terrible day of the LORD. He will restore the hearts of the fathers to their children and the hearts of the children to their fathers, so that I will not come and smite the land with a curse." (Malachi 4:5-6) And the whole story of God's
people points to...
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