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Duncan Lewry: EPQ

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Duncan Lewry

on 24 February 2014

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Transcript of Duncan Lewry: EPQ

Why did I choose this?
Brother's diagnosis in 2004.
Sparked an interest into mental illness.
Fascinating research topic.
How can the performing arts help?
What is autism and how does it link to the performing arts?
AUTISM:
Personal career ambition.
THE PERFORMING ARTS:
"Could my career also help support people like my brother?"
Autism:
Joseph and His Amazing Technicolor Spectrum:
Can the performing arts be seen as an effective and beneficial therapy for autistic people?
Performing Arts:
The “triad of impairments”:
• Difficulty with social communication.
• Difficulty with social interaction.
• Difficulty with social imagination.

Autism - "spectrum condition"
Affected in different ways.
In the U.K.- 1 in 100 children will inherit autism.


637,000
based on the estimated population of 6.37 million in 2012.
£4.6 billion to the U.K. economy
Over 101,000 people employed (2010-101,593)


1016 autistic people may be employed in the performing arts.
Theatre
Aided by acceptance
“making the theatre welcoming and inclusive”
RELAXED PERFORMANCE:
Music
Music Therapy
Used to help an autistic child with “triad
of impairments”.
Social communication
British Association of Music Therapy - 2011
“explore the idea of relationship in a very safe place”
Communication skills
Creativity
“enhances further communication”
Therapy in “a creative, imaginative process”
Dance
Dance Therapy
“serve both as a bridge for contact and provide a vehicle for communication”
American Dance Therapy Association - 1966
Different sub-groups: group, family or individual
Self awareness
Dance Therapy
What research did I do?
Journals
Websites
Newspapers
Online Articles
Books
Interview
What did I conclude?
Theatre
Effectiveness Rank:
1
Music
Dance
Effectiveness Rank:
2
Eyes, shift of focus. Focal points.
Masks. "temporarily hide themselves from public gaze and scrutiny"
Ramamoorthi
Musical performance with "dehumanised" autistic people.
“perceptions had changed”
Whitehurst & Howells
Benjamin Wells
"If you know or you have anyone in your family or your friends where sounds lights and experiences can scare them, then coming to the theatre is a very, very intimidating place to come to, but if you know that this performance is set up for people like that, then you sit down and enjoy the show and allow that person to enjoy the magic of theatre and become engaged with the performance.”
3
Effectiveness Rank:
Meta-analysis.
"when examined and investigated, there is little evidence of a correlation"
Simpson
Put up "autistic defences". Mirrored. Opened up.
British Association of Music Therapy
Gattino
“Balanced, randomized, controlled study”
(Two groups of randomly categorised participants, equal number of autistic people in each group.)
A
CASE STUDY
Populational Validity
INCONCLUSIVE
o
o
"no distinct separations between the final behaviours of those in the control group and those in the experimental group."
Group 1:
MUSIC THERAPY AND CLINICAL ACTIVITIES.

Group 2:
JUST CLINICAL ACTIVITIES.
Strengths and Weaknesses?
Strengths:
Weaknesses:
Planned.
Took on board feedback.
Time management.
Wide ranging research.
Met all of my deadlines.
New topic was easier to research.
British Library visit.
Rearrangement.
Did I overcome it?
Changed topic fairly late.
British Library closures.
Ben's illness.
What has EPQ taught me?
Time management skills.
Self organisation.
Independent research.
British Library benefits!
Not to give up, seek alternatives if an original idea does not work.
Thank you for watching.
Any questions?
Global impact (but only Germany, Japan and France representatives.)
Sakiyama. "promote the joy of dancing and communicating with each other through movement"
1960's class in psychiatric ward.
“the energy and movement kept us connected” "en masse"
Joan Chodorow
Baudino
Lisa (CASE STUDY)
Mirrored defence barriers.
Broke down AUTISTIC MECHANISMS.
“bite her forearms, scratch herself and others, throw her entire body on the floor, and bang her hands and legs against the wall”.
Eventually gained attention and communication.
Full transcript