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The Great Gatsby: Literary Context

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Valeria Perez Cong

on 17 September 2012

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Transcript of The Great Gatsby: Literary Context

The Great Gatsby : Literary Context What type of text
it is? The 1920's in America President of the US: Woodrow Wilson.
The U.S. failed to join the League of Nations
The U.S. raised tariffs on imported goods,
and free immigration came to an end. Literature in the 1920s This was a group of men and women who met daily for lunch on weekdays at a Round Table at New York City's Algonquin Hotel. Their standards were high, their vocabulary fluent, fresh, astringent, and very tough. Both casual and incisive, they had a certain terrible integrity about their work and boundless ambition. They changed the face of American humor. The Algonquin Round Table The Modern Era (1914-1939) The Great Gatsby's Literary Period Red Scares during the roaring twenties refer to the fear of Communism in the U.S. just before and during the 1920s. Americans had withdrawn into a provincialism due to
the restrictive immigration
laws, and Prohibition. Henry Ford blazed the way with his car, Model T;
The automobile`s popularity was the key for production and construction of roads
and highways. The roaring 20's ushered in a rich period
of American writing, distinguished by
the works of such authors as Sinclair
Lewis, F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest
Hemingway. American music form, whose roots
lay in African expression, came to
be known as jazz. The Jazz Age
produced such greats as Louis
Armstrong, Duke Ellington and
Fletcher Henderson. American Literature ... small James Baldwin, who was born on the Harlem Renaissance period, expressed his feelings and thoughts towards the racism and celebrates the sexuality in his novel: Giovanni's Room William Faulkner, a white writer from Mississippi, authors like
Truman Capote and
Flannery O'Connor Fitzgerald was one of the most famous chroniclers of 1920s America.

The Great Gatsby was written in 1925.

World War I, characterized by chaos and violence, left America in a state of shock. The conservatism and timeworn that had characterized the past generations were left in the past and now people focused on wild and extravagant living so they could compensate what they went through during the war's period.

There were three main writing groups. Many people disliked the law
and imbibed in unlawful nightclubs
called speakeasies. Gangsters took
control of bootlegging and violent
lawlessness erupted. Amongst its members we can find Dorothy Parker, Alexander Woollcott and the founder of The New Yorker After the civil war, there were more education and employment opportunities for African Americans. A neighborhood name Harlem was the place they found to explore new identities as free men and women. CHARLESTON Era of jazz music, speakeasies and Flappers.The dance appeared in the Broadway show “Running Wild” in 1923.Popular with the rebellious young women known for wearing short dresses, bobbing hair and listening to Jazz music, all considered scandalous Harlem : The capital of Black America 1ST Person Participant The Narrator Many of the country's best and brightest black advocates, artists, entrepreneurs, and intellectuals had situated themselves in Harlem. "I called up Daisy from
the office next morning
and invited her to come
to tea." African-American civil rights activists were helped by artists and writers to work on the goals of civil rights and equality. They brought attention to a society that was once segregated.

New blossoming in art and music was known as The Harlem Renaissance. A Novel “The Roaring 20s” In an era of peace, Americans
experienced an economic boom,
as well as a change in social
morays. Americans also began
investing more time and
money in leisure activities
and artistic endeavors. 1925’s Survey Graphic featured work by prominent black writers. Later on that year the magazine produced an anthology called The New Negro.

The collection fueled America’s growing interest in African-American writers, pushing black artists to the literary vanguard.Also through Survey Graphic, artists had the opportunity to explore the themes they found problematic to American Culture. They were able to explore new ideas (exoticizing of Africa ) that could be used for and against their race. Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald and Gertrude Stein.

Term to refer to the generation of Americans who rejected the post WWI values.

It defines a sense of moral loss in literary figures during the 1920s .

The WWI had destroyed the idea that if you acted virtuously good things would happen to you. The young men that went to war and had once inspired hope were now death or deeply wounded, that faith and hope were lost.

The novels produced by these authors give insight into the lifestyle of people in the 1920s and they criticized American culture through fictional stories with the themes of self-exile, indulgence and spiritual alienation. The Lost Generation "I called up Daisy from
the office next morning
and invited her to come
to tea." The Narrator 1st Person Participant "All the things I really like are immoral, illegal, or fattening" "Take care of the luxuries and the necessities will take care of themselves " Fitzgerald’s life similarities, reflected in both Nick and Gatsby.
•Show what the Roaring 20’s were about: wild, partying, reckless-lifestyle, focused on extravagance, luxury and the importance of having money.
Fitzgerald went to Princeton and got enrolled in the army.
Fitzgerald and Zelda's love story.
Gatsby and Daisy's love story

. The "Lost Generation" defines a sense of moral loss, this can be reflected in the fact that Gatsby got involved in illegal activities so that he could become rich and impress Daisy.

One of the main topics of the lost generation was disillusionment and alienation, and we can see this reflected in the fact that Gatsby denied his poor past and his family name so he could create a whole new story so that people could believe that he had always been rich.

The Lost Generation was characterized by the rejection of the post WWI values, just like Fitzgerald rejected the idea of the American Dream

Modernism's celebration of inner strength can be reflected in Nick's admiration of the reasons and willingness of Gatsby in achieving his goals. How is this all reflected in the Great Gatsby? •Movement away from Romanticism and Naturalism •Characters contend with ethical problems •Marked by a strong and intentional break with tradition. Including a strong reaction against established religious, political, and social views. The World is the way we say it is There is no Absolute Truth •No connection with history or institutions. Their experience is that of alienation, loss, and despair. Celebration of inner strength Works Cited “Context”. Sparknotes: The Great Gatsby. Sparknotes LLC, 2012. Web. September 12, 2012.

“Harlem Renaissance”. Bio.com. A+E Television Networks LLC, 2012. Web. September 13, 2012.

“Periods in American Literature”. Thetalon.org. Andrew Hill High School – An IB School- College Bound English,n.d. Web. September 15, 2012.

Torcher, Trent. “Modernism in Literature: Quick Overview”. Bright Hub Education. Bright Hub Inc., 2012. Web. September 15, 2012.

“Unit 5 Study Guide: Twentieth Century American Literature: Modernism, Post-Modernism, Contemporary.” Thetalon.org. Andrew Hill High School – An IB School- College Bound English,n.d. Web. September 15, 2012.

Whitley, Peggy. "1920-1929." American Cultural History. Lone Star College-Kingwood Library, 1999. Web. September 12, 2012. "Roaring Twenties." Roaring Twenties. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Sept. 2012.
<http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1564.html>. "The History of the 1920â²s Charleston Dance." 1920's C
harleston Dance History. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Sept. 2012. <http://www.charlestonchallengedownunder.com.au/history/>.
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