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Japanese language

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Julien Chalifoux

on 19 March 2015

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Transcript of Japanese language

Japanese language
1 symbol equals 1 syllable.
Origin of the Japanese language.
Condition of the language
125 million of speakers.
Origin of the language
Nobody really knows where it comes from.
by Julien Chalifoux and Alice Dubeau
Phonetic of the language .
Writing process.
Politeness system.
Condition of the language.
Principally in japan but also in Peru and Brazil.
Tenth most speaking language of the world .
A lot of different dialects in three major categories.
Three major
dialect regions .
Dialects subdivision.
They can understand a majority of dialects between them .
No audible differences for no japanese speaker.
Hi : Konnichiwa at East, Maido at West.

How are you ? : O genki desu ka at East, Moukarimaka At West.

I'm good: Genki desu at East, Bochichidenna at West.

Good bye : Sayonara at East, Hona At West.
We don't know exactly the origin, but the most likely theory is that it comes from the Altaic family which includes Turkish, Mongolian, and Korean.
Historical facts
Proto-japanese (400 to 300 BC): started when rice culture and iron processing came to Japanese Islands.
Old japanese (200 to 300 AD): Culture transformation created a new form of Japanese.
They started to write with chinese symbols.
Their alphabet have been created around 500 BC.
Middle Japanese (12th-16th centuries).
Modern Japanese (from the 17th century to the present).
5 vowels (A-E-I-O-U).
Sounds, syllables or phonemes?
In old Japanese, 8 vowels (A-Ë-Ê-Ï-Î-Ö-Ô-U)
Sounds cannot be separated like in Roman alphabet. Each syllable has its symbol.
Sounds Si and ZI do not exist in Japanese, they are pronounced SHI and JI.
Sounds TU, TI, DI and DU do not exist but they are used for certain stranger words.
"R" are pronounced like a "L"
''U'' are pronounced ''OU'' like French
Japanese who live on islands around Japan don't understand other dialects because they are isolated.
3 writing systems

Kanji: 2136 officials, 9000 total, from Chinese.
Hirigana: 46 symbols, 1symbol=1syllable.
But with accented Hirigana, total of 71.

Katakana: same thing than Hirigana.
What is the difference ?
- Kanjis are symbols that come of Chinese language. Each kanji represent one sense and not a sound.
- Kanji are not use for the grammar.
-The officials kanjis are kanji we need to read a newspapers and it’s all the kanji students learn at school and they knew when they graduated.
-example the word (inu) (dog) in Japanese in kanji is this symbol .
- Hirigana are used to write:
- write Japanese word who don’t have kanji for it.
- Japanese word who the kanji are not in the official list and no understood by the readership.
-to write grammatical particle.
-the verb conjugation ,
not the main verb .
-write the pronunciation of a kanji when the children learn kanjis .
Kanji are use to :
-Write the majorities of nouns , adjective,main verb (not the conjugation), some determinant .
Who are in the official list.
- Write Japanese name (Japanese name mean something not like us : example the name Sakura in japanese mean : cherry blossom or Akihiko mean : smart boy .

Example : the word INU in hirigana is
- Katakana are used to write:
-Word who comes of a other language
exemple : bīru : « beer » (of Dutch « bier »).

- Stranger name.
- To attract peoples like a title of a magazine
All together
3 writing system in one sentence.
- (Inu wa bīru o aishite.)
mean : (the dog likes beer)
-In bleu we have kanji for the words (inu) dog and the root of the verb to like.
-Hiragana in purple for the grammatical particles and verb conjugation.
- katakana in red for the word beer (bīru) who is a word with stranger root.
Some dialects examples
Politeness system.
Three variation of speaking according to the context
-Polite language,
teineigo = standard respectful language , exemple : Television presenters use polite language
Respectful language
, sonkeigo = when talking about superiors and customers
Humble language,
(kenjōgo) = In general, humble language is used when describing one's actions or the actions of a person in one's in-group to others such as customers in business.
some examples
End of the presentation
Thanks for listening
Little quiz.
-Approximately how many Japanese speaker in the world ?
B) -200Millions
-Which countries have a lot of japanese speaker except the japan ?
A)- Korea and China
B)-Peru and Brazil
C)-USA and Canada
Of which likely language family comes the japanese ?
How many vowel has the modern Japanese language ?
What is the name of each three writing system ?
How many variation of politeness language japanese has ?
Full transcript