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Islamic Art and Architecture

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solmaz karimi

on 9 October 2013

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Transcript of Islamic Art and Architecture

Munerah Fayyad, Odai Hattab, Solmaz Karimi
Islamic Art and Architecture
An outstanding characteristic of Islamic art and architecture is its ability to beautify mundane ideas.
Islamic Art
Islamic art is categorized into three general groups regardless of its age and its origin within Islamic countries.

1. Geometry
2. Calligraphy
3. Arabesque
Islamic art
Islamic Architecture
Persian style
Ottoman style
The four basic geometric shapes from which more complex combinations are produced are:

1. circles
2. squares
3. ubiquitous star
4. multi-sided polygons.
The literal meaning of the word calligraphy is “beautiful writing” (Dickson et al, 2006).

It is not only a form of art, but also an expression of religion.
Arabesque is an artistic expression that consists of linear patterns.

Combines calligraphy, geometry, and other artistic elements.
Islamic Architecture
It is a collection of decorative principles and elements that are incorporated together, forming different styles that are applicable to all types of buildings.
An arch in the Islamic architecture comes in three main designs.
(Saoud, 2011)
Transverse Arch Pointed Arch Horseshoe Arch
The use of domes first came about in Islam during the Umayyad period around 691 AD (Tarrad and Matrouk, n.d.), specifically in Jerusalem when the well-known dome of rock was built.
Persian Style
Persian architecture is known for its precise sense of scale, generous use of surface ornamentation and employment of plenty of bright colors.
Artistic traditions mentioned earlier like geometry and calligraphy are also incorporated into their buildings.
Ottoman Style
Under the Ottomans, Islamic architecture was brought back to life after losing most of its power due to internal fights during the 12th century.
Journal References
Davids Samling. (n.d.). What is Islamic art? Retrieved from http://www.davidmus.dk/assets/2353/What_is_Islamic_art_02.pdf

Dickson, K. et al. (2006). Exploring Islamic art and architecture. Retrieved from http://www.coreknowledge.org/mimik/mimik_uploads/lesson_plans/296/Exploring%20Islamic%20Art%20and%20Architecture.pdf

Lejeune, J. (2004). An introduction to Islamic art and architechture. Retrieved from http://www.cmes.ucsb.edu/egypt_seminar/lejeune/intro_islamic_art.pdf

Saoud, R. (2002). An introduction to architecture. Retrieved from http://www.muslimheritage.com/uploads/Intro%20Islamic%20Architecture.pdf

Saoud, R. (2004). Muslim architecture under Ottoman patronage (1326-1924). Retrieved from http://www.muslimheritage.com/uploads/OttomanArchitecture.pdf

Tocher, B. (2004). A brief background of Islamic art. Retrieved from http://www.cmes.ucsb.edu/egypt_seminar/tocher/Tocher_Islamic_Art.pdf
Image References
(2) http://www.patterninislamicart.com/ia/l/c-d_003.jpg
(3) https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e6/Order-3_heptakis_heptagonal_tiling.png/220px-Order-3_heptakis_heptagonal_tiling.png
(4) http://joshberer.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/full7.jpg
(5) http://static5.depositphotos.com/1000372/474/v/950/depositphotos_4742382-Abstract-circular-pattern-of-arabesques.jpg
(6) http://islamic-arts.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/arabic_calligraphy_butdoesitfloat_13_905.jpg
(7) http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-Tv-wmrKUvmw/UOhU3UYS9CI/AAAAAAAAERM/7QNjlT5UXg4/s1600/1.jpg
(8) http://allaboutjerusalem.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/big-image-gallery/ifa_upload/al_zqza_dome.jpg
(9) http://www.thebookofpaul.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/Dome-of-the-Rock.jpg
(10) http://iranian-architect.com/images/Iranian-Islamic-Architecture.jpg
(11) http://en.academic.ru/pictures/enwiki/65/Azadi_Monument.jpg
(12) http://cdn-locations-images.tripomatic.com/img-poi1896-F2VjkS-i4s.jpg
(13) http://www.bjornmoerman.com/United-Arab-Emirates/Architectural-Abu-Dhabi-1/i-rr7QwqW/1/M/20100501-145646-M.jpg
(14) http://www.edarabia.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/American-University-of-Sharjah-AUS-7-Main-Building.jpg
Any questions?
Islamic art and architecture share their roots with previously existing civilizations; however, they possess unique features that distinguish them to be Islamic. These features include geometric patterns, arabesques or ornamentation, calligraphy, domes and arches.
A Modern Example
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