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Maryam Nouh

on 10 October 2016

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Transcript of Egypt

Egypt is economically ranked 124th country and there are only 196.
GDP (Gross Domestic Product is calculated on an annual basis) : $553.6 billion
GDP increase since 2014 by 2.1%
5-year compound annual growth: 3.2%
$6,579 per capita
Unemployment: 12.7%
Inflation (CPI): 6.9%
FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) Inflow: $5.6 billion
Egypt's overall score is 2.3 points higher than last year.
By: Maryam N. & Harshitha A M.
Works Cited
Fun Facts
The 3 pyramids
The sphinx
The Nile
Egypt's most well-
known revolution;
25th of January
Diving sites
The pharaohs
Egyptians do NOT live in the pyramids or ride camels to school, but many own horses.
They have technology and cities.
There are apple stores and malls in Egypt.
The official language is Arabic, but others also speak English, French, Spanish and German.
Egypt is located mainly in Africa but part of it is situated on the edge of Asia (the Sinai peninsula) and very close to Europe.
Egypt is very dry as the Sahara and the Lybian desert makes up most of it.
It is surrounded by three bodies of water including the Red and Mediterranean Sea along with the Nile, which is also the longest river in the world.
Mount Catherine (2,629 m) is the highest point in Egypt.
The sphinx and the pyramids are made of gypsum which is also an egyptian natural resource.
History of Egypt
The kings of Egypt spent most of their lives preparing for their death instead of enjoying it. The construction of a tomb or pyramid usually began as soon as they took the throne so there would be no hindrance in the burial process. They searched for jewelry and gold for their afterlife from the beginning of their childhood to be buried with them as well.
The kings were not only the most important and powerful person as they held the throne and were the ruler of ancient Egypt but they were also worshiped as many's gods.
Egypt is often divided into two sections: Upper Egypt in the south and Lower Egypt in the north. The sections are named this way because the Nile river flows from south to north and is the only area which is not a part of Egypt's vast desert area. The river empties into the Mediterranean Sea.
Southern Egypt's landscape contains low mountains and desert. Northern Egypt has wide valleys which used to be flooded because they are near the Nile. But the High Dam prevents it.
North of Cairo, the capital, is the sprawling, triangular Nile River Delta. Which is a fertile land that is completely covered with farms.
The Mediterranean Sea has beautiful underwater sights including old Alexandria (which flooded long time ago with many ancient monuments) while the Red Sea has many coral reefs (homes for many sea creatures) which drives tourism for diving and snorkeling.
The gods of Egypt
"Egypt Country Profile - National Geographic Kids." Egypt Country Profile - National Geographic Kids. National Geographic Kids, n.d. Web. 11 May 2015.
Ghaly, Ashraf. "Ancient and Modern Egypt - Union College's Egypt Miniterm." Ancient and Modern Egypt - Union College's Egypt Miniterm. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2015. <http://egypt.union.edu/>.
"Egypt Natural Resources." , Natural Resources of Egypt. N.p., 16 Oct. 2013. Web. 11 May 2015. <http://www.mapsofworld.com/egypt/natural-resources/>.
"Mining in Egypt - Overview." MBendi.com. Web. 12 May 2015. <http://www.mbendi.com/indy/ming/af/eg/p0005.htm>
"SINAI MANGANESE Company." SINAI MANGANESE Company. Web. 12 May 2015. <http://www.smc-eg.com>
"WorldRichestCountries.com." World's Richest Countries. Daniel Workman, n.d. Web. 12 May 2015.
"Egypt." Economy: Population, GDP, Inflation, Business, Trade, FDI, Corruption. The Heritage Foundation, n.d. Web. 13 May 2015.
"About Christianity." About Religion. Web. 15 May 2015. <http://christianity.about.com/od/Coptic-Orthodoxy/a/JZ-Coptic-Christianity-History.htm>.
"Law and Order." Law and Order in Ancient Egypt. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2015. <http://reshafim.org.il/ad/egypt/law_and_order/index.html>.
"Encyclopedia of the Nations." Egypt Overview. Web. 16 May 2015. <http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/Egypt.html#ixzz3aDscYOoD>.
"DLTK's Bible Activities for KidsThe Story of Moses and the Pharaoh." The Story of Moses and the Pharaoh. Web. 16 May 2015. <http://www.dltk-bible.com/exodus/moses_and_pharaoh-cv.htm>.
"Youth Revolt in Egypt, a Country at the Turning Point." Youth Revolt in Egypt, a Country at the Turning Point. Web. 17 May 2015. <http://www.prb.org/Publications/Articles/2011/youth-egypt-revolt.aspx>.
"Egypt Economic Development Conference | Egypt The Future." Egypt The Future. Web. 17 May 2015. <http://www.egyptthefuture.com>.
"Illiteracy in Egypt Reaches 16 Million." Al Bawaba. 16 Sept. 2013. Web. 17 May 2015. <http://www.albawaba.com/editorchoice/egypt-illiteracy-female-520546>.
"Eccos- Ecology, Environment and Oil Shale." Eccos. Eccos, 01 Feb. 2015. Web. 18 May 2015. <http://www.eccos.us/>.
Creative, Fireman. "Pharmaceuticals - PRC." PRC. PRC, n.d. Web. 18 May 2015. <http://prc.org/programs/collection-events/pharmaceuticals/>.
"Haibo Trading." Haibo Trading. Haibo Trading, n.d. Web. 18 May 2015. <http://www.haibotrading.com/>.
Woolridge, Frosty. "Discovering Gems Of Understanding." Jennings Wire. N.p., 17 Apr. 2014. Web. 18 May 2015. <www.jenningswire.com>.
THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. "Egypt: Journalist Sues Al Jazeera." The New York Times. The New York Times, 11 May 2015. Web. 18 May 2015. <http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/12/world/middleeast/egypt-journalist-sues-al-jazeera.html?ref=topics&_r=0>.
Natural Resources
The main natural resources of Egypt are oil and gas. The oil reserves draw huge annual revenues from its export profits.
iron ore (El-Gedida area of the Western Desert):
where metallic iron is extracted from.
phosphate (Abou Dabbab in South of Cairo):
used in agriculture and industry.
limestone (hills bordering the Nile river):
used in construction and architecture.
manganese (Sinai Peninsula):
used in dry cell batteries to prevent the formation of hydrogen, to remove the green color in glass that is caused by the presence of iron contaminants, and as a drying agent in black paints.
talc (South East of El-Atchan):
talc is used in creating plastic, ceramics, paint, paper, cosmetics and roofing materials.
zinc (North of Alexandria):
treatment and prevention of stunted growth, acute diarrhea in children, and slow wound healing.
asbestos (North West of Cairo):
used in building materials.
gypsum (El-Giza):
used as a fertilizer.
Honey (mainly in the Sinai Peninsula, also in ancient tombs and pyramids):

Bees have been cultivated in Egypt since ancient times for the production of wax and honey. Egyptian honey was used as a medicinal base, as a sweetener and as an offering to the Gods. Lotus honey was the most precious of them all.
Papyris Plant (Nile Delta):
The Egyptians were the pioneers for making papers. Papers were first made from papyrus. They wished to keep the production method of papyrus paper a secret and hence, never left behind any record or hints of the same. They made huge profits from the papyrus papers that were exported.
River Nile :
The water of river Nile can be considered among the best natural resources of Egypt as the water can be used differently for cultivation of the land and production of hydroelectric power. The river Nile is the reason behind the flourishing civilization of the Nile valley.

Natural Resources Continued
In 2014, Egypt bought $71.3 billion worth of imported products from around the world, up by 34.6% since 2010.
Top imports and percentage of total imports:
: $9.9 Billion (13.9%)
Machines, engines,pumps :
$5.8 Billion (8.1%)
Vehicles :
$5.2 Billion (7.3%)
Cereals :
$5.1 Billion (7.1%)
Electronic Equipment :
$4.7 Billion (6.6%)
Iron and Steel :
$4.3 Billion (6.1%)
Iron and Steel Products :
$2.6 Billion (3.6%)
Plastics :
$3.3 Billion (4.6%)
Pharmaceuticals :
$1.9 Billion (2.6%)
Wood :
$1.9 Billion (2.6%)
Egypt shipped $26.8 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2014, up by 1.8% since 2010.
Top exports and percentage of total exports:
: $6.3 Billion (23.4%)
Electronic Equipment :
$2 Billion (7.3%)
Plastics :
$1.6 Billion (6.1%)
Vegetables :
$1.2 Billion (4.6%)
Fruits and Nuts :
$1.1 Billion (3.9%)
Clothing (not knit) :
$781.3 million (2.9%)
Fertilizers :
$742.2million (2.8%)
Gems, precious stones, coins :
$661.7 million (2.5%)
Iron and Steel :
$621.9 million (2.3%)
Aluminum :
$571 million (2.1%)
Foreign relations
good relationship as it was part of Egypt and shares the Nile. Strong trading between them (clothes,plants,grains...).
good diplomatic relations were upgraded to ambassadorial level when princess Fawzia of Egypt married prince Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran.
good diplomatic relations since jordan became independant with the help of Egypt.
good relationship since Libya assisted Egypt in the 1973 Arab-Israeli War, and the two countries have been working together to develop their oils and natural gas industries till now.
warm relations since they are both part of the Arab League, GAFTA, WTO, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, the Council of Arab Economic Unity and the United Nations.
good diplomatic relations as the US has provided Egypt with $19 billion in military aid, & $30 billion in economic aid. Plus it is a Major non-NATO ally of the US.

Foreign Relations (Con.)
Ethnic Groups and Languages
Current events
good diplomatic relations as the Federal Government of Somalia was welcomed by the Egyptian authorities, who re-affirmed Egypt's continued support for Somalia's government, its territorial integrity and sovereignty.
good relations as Cyprus helps Egypt as a bridge for exports to Europe and on prospects for the training of Cypriot engineers by their Egyptian counterparts on techniques for the extraction of oil and natural gas.
good trade, economic and diplomatic relations. Egypt gifted 30 tanks to the Bangladesh Army. And the Cairo-based telecom giant Orascom owns Bangladesh's second largest mobile operator Banglalink.
bad relationship since the Israel-Palestine war (when Egypt is on Palestine's side), till the Egyptian–Israeli Peace Treaty signed by both countries in 1973 till now.
bad relationship since they occupied Egypt but now neutral relationship.

Long before the 2013–2014 political upheaval, corruption was pervasive at all levels of government. The rule of law has been highly unstable across the country, and the judicial system’s independence is poorly institutionalized.
Judicial procedures tend to be protracted, costly, and subject to political pressure.
Property rights are not protected effectively, and titles to real property may be difficult to establish.

Rule of Law
As the Holy-family took flight to Egypt, many people became christian. Then after many generations came the Islamic conquest of Egypt by the Arabs led by Amr ibn al-Aas, the military governor of Palestine, which made most of the egyptians become muslims.
Islam- lights, cannons, night callers in Ramadan.
Christianity- decorating the
christmas tree and giving gifts in Christmas.
Places of Worship:
Muslims- (mosques)
: Muhammad
Most popular:
Mosque of Amr ibn al-Aas (first mosque in Egypt built in 641–642 AD)
Christians- (churches)
: Jesus Christ
Most popular:
Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria (largest church built in 42 AD)

The current population is 86.1 million people in egypt.
Division between the people:
Eastern Hamitic (Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers): 99%
Nubians: 0.4%
Armenians: 0.3%
Europeans (Greeks, Italians, French, British): 0.3%

Official language is
but most people also speak
Hieroglyphs is taught by some schools but not spoken by anyone.
Number of illiterates: 16 million
National Anthem: Biladi

Since Maryam knows Arabic she can translate anything you would like to say..
Justice, represented by Maat , the goddess of the World Order, lay with the gods and was immanent and retributive, both here and in the after life .
The pharaohs as living gods were the source and executors of justice.
The viziers, (chief justices) wore the title of Priest of Maat. High officials wore necklaces with amulets of Maat .
The administrative tools for achieving justice among humans were the laws and ordinances.
Climate Continued
"The Pharaoh had a disagreement with Moses so he decided to gather an army to go after Moses and the Israelites & kill them because they believed in a God other than the Pharaoh. So as the Israelites were on their way, they noticed that Pharaoh was coming after them. They started to get worried and questioned Moses why he would lead them out in the desert to die. Moses told them, "Do not be afraid, God has protected you before, He will protect you again.” When the Israelites reached the Red Sea they were trapped with the Sea in front of them and Pharaoh behind them. But God told Moses to reach out his staff into the water, and when he did an amazing thing happened. The water split into two lifting itself and making huge walls of water. They would walk on dry ground, which was the bottom the Sea. Pharaoh's army followed them into the Sea. When the Israelites had finally made it through safe, God told Moses, "Stretch out your hand over the sea so that the water goes back to normal, and it will swallow up Pharaoh and his army.” Moses did as God had told him and the Pharaoh and his army died." ~The Taurah
Interesting Story
Unitary State, Semi-presidential system, Republic

-president/the head of state = head of
- prime minister
- ministers
Administrative Districts:
Cairo along with Alexandria
Cairo, Egypt
Current leaders:
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi (Current president and head of state laws)

Egypt Economic Development Conference
It was a three-day event, from 3/13/2015- 3/15/2015 that took place in Sharm el-Sheikh. Over 2,000 delegates from 112 different countries arrived in Egypt to attend this conference. It was meant to develop the infrastructure to enable the economic growth program with partners from all over the world. Many business men decided to invest in Egypt with more than $400 million. It was a success for many countries including Cyprus, China, France, Germany, Russia, Spain, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom and United States.

Egypt has a hot desert climate as it is located near the equator. It is generally extremely dry all over the country except on the Mediterranean coast which receives more rainfall in winter and temperatures are more moderated. Rarity of rain and extreme heat during summer months is normal in Egypt.
Every year (March-May), an extremely hot, dry and dusty wind blows from the south, which is called
. When dry air continuously blows over desert regions, it picks up fine sand and dust particles and results in a dusty wind felt in the desert.
When this wind blows over Egypt, it causes high temperatures to soar temporarily at dangerous levels, usually over 113 °F, and the relative humidity levels drop under 5%. The Khamasin causes sudden, early heat waves and the absolute highest temperature records in Egypt.
Mediterranean coast- 7.87" - 0.79" of annual average precipitation
South to Cairo- 0.00" of annual average precipitation
The cloudiest rainiest places are around Alexandria and Rafah. The sunshine duration is also extremely high all over Egypt, ranging from a "low" of 3,300 hours along the northernmost parts to reach a high of over 4,000 hours the rest of the country.
population density: 166 per sq.mi
birth rate: 25 - 31 per 1000
death rate: 8 - 9 per 1000
fertility rate: 4 children per female
life expectancy: 62-69 years (male: 60-67; female: 64-70)
Age Distribution among population:
Current Events contd.
The journalist Mohamed Fahmy, who faces a retrial in Egypt on terrorism charges, says he has filed a lawsuit in Canada against his employer, Al Jazeera, accusing it of negligence and seeking $100 million in compensation. At a news conference in Cairo, Mr. Fahmy, who was acting bureau chief in Egypt for Al Jazeera’s English-language service when he was arrested in 2013, accused the network of endangering him and his colleagues. Mr. Fahmy is a naturalized Canadian who gave up his Egyptian citizenship.
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