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Existentialism in Education

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Hollis Kimbrell

on 14 February 2013

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Transcript of Existentialism in Education

Existentialism What is Existentialism? Characteristics of an Existentialist Educator Existence precedes essence... First of all, man exists, turns up, appears on the scene, and, only afterwords, defines himself.

- Jean-Paul Sartre The belief that students should acquire an education that will enable them to assign meaning to their lives. -Values the meaning of living and human free will
- Has a firm understanding of their own personal beliefs, preferences, and convictions
-Encourages students to express their preferences and opinions
-Personal responsibility and discipline is important in their classroom
-Allow students a choice of activities and to express themselves
Curriculum should contribute to the students ability to define their meaning to life and result in personal awareness

-Knowledge of what is important to the student History of Existentialism People of Existentialism Jean-Paul Sartre Postmodernism and Existentialism Postmodernism is similar to Existentialism

Postmodernists believe there are no "absolute truths" and disputes the certainty of scientific explanations of reality
-what we experience as "reality" is solely constructed by our individual human minds, and consists only of our interpretations of what the world means to us individually and our individual responses to the world.
Different from other theological views of “human existence”
-Does not deny the basic categories of physics, biology, psychology, and the other sciences but states that humans cannot be fully understood by them. Founded by Jean-Paul Satre and his associates in Europe between 1940’s and 1950’s

- followed the Great Depression/WW2, a time of deep despair, and was necessary to give the people of this era a meaningful definition to life
French existentialist philosopher whom founded Existentialism soon after the Second World War.
-Purpose was to understand human existence rather than the world
-valued self-identity and consciousness

considered the first existentialist philosopher.
-Proposed that each individual—not society or religion—is responsible for giving meaning to life and living devoted to its meaning Søren Kierkegaard
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