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6 +1 Traits of Writing

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Maggie Floyd

on 12 August 2015

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Transcript of 6 +1 Traits of Writing

6+1 Traits of Writing
6th Grade Language Arts
What Are They?
Ideas
Organization
Voice
Word Choice
Sentence Fluency
Conventions
Ideas
Organization
Voice
Sentence Fluency
Conventions

It's what good writers DO!
Writers use all 6 of these traits in their writing for the reader.
Ideas make up the content of the piece of writing - the heart of the message.
When the ideas are strong, the overall message is clear, not garbled.
How do I begin?
Select an idea
Choose a topic you will enjoy (if one is not assigned)
Narrow your topic to a controllable size
Elaborate on the idea
Develop it
Add details
Make sure your topic isn't to large. If it is your reader will get lost. Example: Animals, Buildings, Florida, etc

Also, do you know enough about your topic to write about it?
Construct a chronological outline of your story.
Ideas Checklist
How do i keep my heart beating?
I have clear main ideas in my writing.
My writing stays on topic.
My paper is packed with details.
I create a picture in the reader's mind.
Be able to do all of these things.
Try it Out!
Role - Heart
Audience - Your body
Format - Letter
Topic - What you need to stay healthy; why your body would be better off
You are a heart in the human body. Write a letter to your body to explain what you need to stay healthy and why the body will be better off if you ARE and STAY in tip-top condition.
Organization is the internal structure of the piece - the skeleton of the piece of writing.
Organization holds your writing together.
Catch the reader's attention with a strong beginning.
Details are in order so the piece makes sense.
Transitions that move the ideas forward.
The ending ties everything together leaving the reader satisfied.
Hook! Hook! Hook!
Use transition words!
Are you organized?
Write down directions to school from your house.
Word Choice
Voice is the soul of the piece. It's what make the writer's style and feelings come out through the words - gives the piece of writing life like your lungs.
Voice gives your writing personality!
"Be yourself. Above all, let who you are, what you are, what you believe shine through every sentence you write, every piece you finish."
-John Jakes
You know these songs...Listen closely as each artist sings a different version.
NOW CLOSE YOUR EYES AND LISTEN!
Now, they will play again. Make a running list of the words that describe the voice of the piece: thoughtful, moody, caring, etc.
Class Discussion: Share your list!
How can the reader hear my voice?
Use emotion and expression when you write
The reader should be able to tell how you feel about your topic
Your writing should not sound like a robot
It should sound like ...YOU!
Connect to your audience
Word Choice is at its best when it includes the use of rich, colorful, precise language that moves and enlightens the reader.
Don't be like Joey..aka the Baby Kangaroo; make good "Word Choices"!
Be WORD CHOICE conscience!
Use colorful and interesting words
Do NOT use bo-ring/overused words!
Don't repeat, repeat, repeat, repeat, repeat
Do not use the same word over and over.
Do not start every sentence with the same word(s).
Use lively verbs and "spectacular" adjectives.
Paint a picture for the reader.
Make a Masterpiece!
Make a masterpiece using words. Think of words as the paint and the paper as the canvas. By choosing the most exciting words your writing can be a work of art.
What would happen if we did not have color?
Word choice is the muscle of your writing. It makes the piece strong.
Do it!
Think: A moment when you have been unbelievably scared!
Class discussion...what time can you write about?
Now write about your experience.
BUT.......You CANNOT use these words (in any form!
Scare
Frighten
Fright
Fear
Fearful
Afraid
Spook
Terror
Terrify
Surprise
Dread
Terrorize
Panic
Shock
Turn pale
Teeth Chatter
Alarm
Created by: Mrs. Kirchner
Sentence Fluency is the flow of the language, the sound of word patterns.
It is the rhythm of the piece.... like your feet and legs when they keep rhythm when walking.
The sentences MOVE!
Points to remember for Sentence Fluency
Rhythm, flow, and natural
Smooth, phrasing
"Well-built sentences
Varied sentence beginnings
Sentence lengths that reinforce the content.
I wish to wish the wish you wish to wish, but if you wish the wish the witch wishes, I won't wish the wish you wish to wish.
She sells seashells on the seashore.
The shells she sells are seashells, I'm sure.
Try these tongue twisters...
Now...create your own to share with the class.
Just like your rib cage....conventions hold your writing together.
Check your Conventions
Capitalization
Punctuation
Spelling
Essential Steps to Sentence Fluency
--reduce redundancy
--vary sentence length
--use active voice
--avoid wordiness
reduce redundancy:
no-no:
My dad likes to cook. My dad likes to fish.

I had a really great time at Universal Studios. The rides were great. Seeing Harry Potter World was great.

starting two sentences in a row with the same word, starting two paragraphs in a row with the same way
yes-yes:
My dad likes to cook. He also enjoys fishing.

I had a great time at Universal Studios. The rides were thrilling. Seeing Harry Potter World was magical.

parallel structure is great, repetition is not
vary sentence length:
no-no:
choppy: We went out. We ate soup.

stringy: Argentina is a country in South America and it borders the south Atlantic and its capital is Buenos Aires.

using the same sentence length or structure for each sentence
yes-yes:
We went out to eat and ordered the soup.

Argentina is a South American country which borders the south Atlantic. Its capital is Buenos Aires.

vary your patterns of writing
use active voice:
no-no:
passive voice means putting the object of the sentence first, sort of like walking backwards

The ball was kicked.

The goal was scored by the new girl on the team.
yes-yes:
active voice puts the actor of the sentence first

The player kicked the ball.

The new girl scored the goal.
Try the "by zombies" test!
avoid wordiness:
no-no:
When the daughters of pioneers were young girls, they leaned how to sew and to cook. Young girls had to learn household skills due to the fact that if they didn't do the chores, the chores wouldn't get done. So the girls would attend to the chores so that they would be completed because other family members were doing other chores.
yes-yes:
Young pioneer girls often learned how to sew and cook. They needed to learn these household skills because they were responsible for these chores while other family members had their own responsibilities.
Above all: READ YOUR WORK out loud!
SS--Write about a time when you were really scared (3 or
more sentences).
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